Didihat is a town and a Nagar Palika in Pithoragarh District in the state of Uttarakhand, India. It is one of the eleven administrative subdivisions of Pithoragarh district and also serves as its administrative headquarters. With a population of 6522, Didihat is located at a distance of 520 km (320 mi) from the state capital Dehradun.:681
View of Didihat from Sherakot
|• Total||4 km2 (2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,725 m (5,659 ft)|
|• Density||1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
The area of present-day Didihat was historically ruled by feudal Raika Malla kings of Sirakot. The ancient Shirakot Temple of Lord Malay Nath was built by the Raika Kings. Till the time of King Hari Malla, this region was under Doti Kingdom of Nepal. Later on in 1581 AD at the time of Chand dynasty ruler Rudra Chand, this region came under the control of Chand rulers defeating Raikas of Doti. Still today some remnants of ancient fort and temples are present in Didihat.
Didihat was a Tehsil in the Almora district of United Provinces in 1947, when India won its Independence from Britain. The Didihat Tehsil, along with other north-eastern parts of Almora district were transferred to the newly created Pithoragarh district in 1960. During 2001-2011 new tehsil Berinag was created by transferring 298 villages from Didihat tehsil. The creation of a new district, Didihat was declared on 15 August 2011, by then Chief Minister of Uttarakhand, Ramesh Pokhriyal, however, the district is yet to be officially formed.
Didihat lies at Northern India at 1,725 m (5,659 ft) above sea level, in Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand, India. It is located at a distance of 54 km (34 mi) from District Headquarter Pithoragarh. It covers an area of 4 km2 (1.5 sq mi). The Nearest city with population of one lakh and more is Haldwani (252 km (157 mi)) while the Nearest city with population of five lakh and more is Bareilly (285 km (177 mi)).in
According to the Bureau of Indian Standards, the town falls under seismic zone 5, in a scale of 2 to 5 (in order of increasing vulnerability to earthquakes). Didihat has been struck by Flash Flood two times; on 20 July 2003 and 13 August 2007.:15 4 People lost their life in both these disasters.:15 Flash floods are very common hydro-meteorological hazards due to excessive rainfall or snowmelt, bursting of dams, cloudburst, etc.:13 Such floods are common due to the high velocity of water with much energetic capacity to carry away everything in its way.:13
|Population Growth of Didihat|
According to the 2011 Census of India, the population of Didihat Nagar Panchayat was 6,522. Didihat has a literacy rate of 91.03%; 95.20% of the men and 86.44% of the women are literate. Didihat's sex ratio in 2011 was 889 women per 1000 men. Almost all of the residents of Didihat are native Kumaonis. About 20.55% of the population belongs to the Scheduled Castes, numbering over 1,340 in the 2011 census. In addition, the city is home to some 649 people, who belong to the Scheduled Tribes. Didihat is the native place of 'Rajis', a Scheduled Tribe.:424 Approximately 1,400 people live in slums within the city. Didihat had a population of 4805 according to the 2001 Census and 3514 according to the 1991 Census of India.
Didihat had traditionally been a place where merchants from adjoining areas brought their goods for sale on a prescribed day of the week. Wool and salt from tibet was exchanged for grain here. The "Kumaon Scheduled Tribes Development Corporation" established a "Carpet Center", a "Blanket Production Center" and a "Wool Production and Sales Center" at Didihat for the all-around economic-development of the Scheduled Tribes living here.:93–94
Didihat observes a wide range of festivals. Popular celebrations and observances include Kumauni Holi, which is celebrated in different forms such as the Baithki Holi, the Khari Holi and the Mahila Holi. The festival of lights, Deepavali, is celebrated with the lighting of lamps in every house, decorating the floors with rangoli, and sharing of sweets with relatives and Friends. Kumaoni is the mother tongue of majority in Didihat; however a few people speak Hindi also. The dialect of Kumaoni spoken in Didihat is called 'Sirali'.
Didihat is a Himalayan tourist destination situated 54 km from Pithoragarh. Didihat is situated on the hilltop plain of 'Digtarh' with the river Charamgad (Bhadigad) flowing below. Below the town there is a fertile 'Haat valley'. Within Didihat is the temple (mandir) known as Sirakot (Malaynath Mandir) of Lord Shiva (Bholenath). Another mandir is situated in the top hill of the nanpaupu village is known as dechula.
Views of Himalayan snow-capped peaks can be observed from Didihat, especially Panchachuli and Trishul. Didihat is known for the ancient Shirakot Temple of Lord Malay Nath, built by Raika Kings. Approximately 8 km from here, is Narayan Swamy Ashram at Narayan Nagar. The regional Headquarters of ITBP is situated at Merthi at 6 km from Didihat. Askot Musk Deer Sanctuary is administratively situated in Didihat Tehsil.
About 53 km from Didihat, the small hilly town Berinag is known for its natural environment. Berinag is also known for its nag mandirs. One small tea garden is also there. One of the most well-known gufa is known as "Patal Bhuvaneshwar", this is related to "Pandavas" Dwapar Yuga.
Didihat is a Class-V town and a nagar panchayat in Pithoragarh district in the state of Uttarakhand, India.:681 The Didihat city is divided into 4 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. Didihat Nagar Panchayat has a committee consisting of a chairman with ward members. Membership consists of a minimum of ten elected ward members and three nominated members. The Notified Area Committee members of the Nagar Panchayat are elected from the several wards of the Nagar Panchayat on the basis of adult franchise for a term of five years. Two Non-Notified Slums exist in Didihat; Nai Basti having 150 households and G.I.C. Ward with 180 households.:686
Administratively it is also a tehsil and a subdivision of the Pithoragarh district. Tehsil Didihat is divided into three developmental blocks—Didihat, Kanalichhina, and Berinag. Didihat tehsil is the second most populous tehsil in Pithoragarh and has the highest number of villages. There are about 367 villages in Didihat Tehsil.
Buses form the main form of Transport that connect the town to national capital Delhi and other cities. Buses are either run by state controlled Uttarakhand Transport Corporation or private K.M.O.U. Nearest Railway station is Tanakpur (210 km (130 mi))
Didihat had a literacy rate of 79% in 2001 which rose to 91.03 percent in 2011. As of 2011, literacy rate among male and female were 95.20 and 86.44 percent respectively.:23 Schools in Didihat are run either by the municipal corporation, or privately by entities, trusts and corporations. The majority of schools are affiliated with the Uttarakhand Board of School Education, although some are affiliated with the Central Board for Secondary Education, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations and National Institute of Open Schooling.
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