The Didaktik was a series of 8-bit home computers based on the clones of Intel 8080 and Zilog Z80 processors produced in former Czechoslovakia.[1]

Didaktik M

Didaktik AlfaEdit

Didaktik Alfa

Didaktik Alfa was produced in 1986, as a "more professional" clone of PMD 85. It featured 2.048 MHz Intel 8080 CPU, 48 KB RAM, 8 KB ROM with built-in BASIC, good keyboard (compared with PMD 85), monitor video output (but no TV output) with 288×256 resolution and four possible colours. Despite some changes in ROM, it was mostly compatible with PMD 85. Didaktik Alfa 1 was a clone of PMD 85-1, Didaktik Alfa 2 of PMD 85-2.

Didaktik BetaEdit

Didaktik Beta was a slightly improved version of previous Didaktik Alfa, having almost identical hardware.

While Didaktik Alfa and Beta were mostly deployed in schools (to replace older PMD 85 computers), there was another production line, meant as home computers. These were Sinclair ZX Spectrum 48K clones.

Didaktik GamaEdit

Didaktik Gama

Didaktik Gama was the clone of the ZX Spectrum with 80 KB RAM divided into two switched 32 KB memory banks and 16 KB of slower RAM containing graphical data for video output, while the size of ROM was 16 KB. A peripheral interface with a 8255 chip was built into all versions of this computer, that serves not only for a Centronics devices, plotter and printer connections but also as a reduction to the Kempston joystick. The shape of the Gama´s case was simple, similar to ZX Spectrum+, just a grey or black box the size of A5 with flat plastic keyboard and connectors mounted on the rear side. The Gama uses a standard ULA chip made by Ferranti. All games developed for the ZX Spectrum 48K were generally compatible with this computer. There is no need to say that it established massive and flourishing black market with these games country-wide as they were officially unavailable behind the "iron curtain". An audio cassette was used as the data store and a TV served as the monitor. It is generally said the Gama was unreachable to buy and there were waiting lists several years long.[citation needed] The fact is this computer was expensive but belongs to a small group of home computers available on the market and unlike other foreign home computers can be purchased for Czechoslovak currency, outside specialized Tuzex stores.

Didaktik Gama was produced in three variants: the first, Gama '87, fixed some bugs in the original ZX Spectrum ROM, thus breaking compatibility in some percentage of applications (read: games), and introduced its own bugs effectively inhibiting the use of the second 32 KB memory bank from BASIC. Gama '88 fixed the original ZX Spectrum bugs in a more compatible way and fixed the memory switching bug. The last and the best compatible model was Gama '89. Production of Didaktik Gama computers ceased in 1992.

Didaktik MEdit

Home computer – Didaktik M

The next version, the Didaktik M introduced in 1990, was cheaper and simple in design. The shape of the machine resembled more of a modern computer, ergonomic-like shape, with arrow keys separated from the rest of the keyboard (however, the keyboard was of poorer quality than the previous Gama has). Inside there was only 64 KB of total memory (16 KB ROM and 48 KB RAM) which was a disappointment in comparison to the Gama. The computer was considerably redesigned. Instead of the original ULA, a custom circuit from Russian company Angstrem was used, with a square screen aspect ratio instead of a typical ZX Spectrum rectangle 4:3. In addition the whole RAM was realized by one set of 64 KB chips from which only 48 KB were used and there was no difference between the fast and slow memory with the video content. The whole hardware has system timings different from the original ZX Spectrum´s ULA, which spoiled the display of some trickly programmed games and demos. There were two separated connectors for joysticks and one connector for additional interfaces, such as a printer interface. Unlike the previous version of Didaktik, these connectors were typical "socialistic solution" compatible with nothing that was then available in the ČSSR. Thus, users were forced to develop and produce various and sometimes funny home-made interfaces to satisfy their needs.

Two floppy disk drives were developed and released later to offer the possibility of fast saving/loading of various programs.

5.25-inch floppy disk drive called D40 was introduced in 1992 and featured a "Snapshot" (see also Hibernation (computing)) button that allowed to store current content of the memory (memory image) on diskette. It was also possible later to load the memory image and continue playing the game (or whatever was stored) from the respective state.

3.5-inch floppy disk drive called D80 was also introduced later in 1992 at the same time as Didaktik Kompakt was released.

Didaktik KompaktEdit

The Didaktik Kompakt from 1992 was basically a Didaktik M with built-in floppy 3.5-inch 720 KB drive and parallel printer port.

All version of these computers had been produced in Skalica, Slovakia. Didaktik's glory diminished with the falling price of the 16-bit computers, such as the Atari and Amiga, around the middle of the 1990s until it was finally steam-rolled by the PC soon after.

The production of Didaktik computers stopped in the year 1994.


  1. ^ "Home Computers Behind The Iron Curtain". 15 December 2014. Retrieved 9 August 2015.

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