The Dicle Bridge (Turkish: Dicle Köprüsü; Kurdish: Pira Dehderî) is a historic bridge in Diyarbakır over the river Tigris (Turkish: Dicle) in southeastern Turkey. Completed in 1065, it numbers ten arches with a total length of 178 m (584 ft). Hence, it is locally called also "On Gözlü Köprü" / "Pira Dehderî" (literally: Ten Arches Bridge). Its another name is the Silvan Bridge due to its position being on the road to Silvan.[1]

Dicle Bridge

Dicle Köprüsü / Pira Dehderî
Dicle Bridge in Diyarbakır
Coordinates37°53′14″N 40°13′44″E / 37.88719°N 40.22882°E / 37.88719; 40.22882
CrossesTigris
Other name(s)Silvan Bridge (Silvan Köprüsü / Pira Farqînê), Ten Arches Bridge (On Gözlü Köprü / Pira Dehderî)
Characteristics
MaterialBlack volcanic stone
Total length178 m (584 ft)
Width5.60 m (18.4 ft)
Longest span14.70 m (48.2 ft)
No. of spans10
History
ArchitectSancaroğlu Ubeydoğlu Yusuf
Constructed byNizamüddin and Müeyyidüddevle
Construction end1065
Location
Map
Diyarbakır Dicle Bridge night view

The bridge was commissioned by Nizam al-Din and Muyyid al-Dawla during the Kurdish dynasty, Marwanids era (990–1085) in Diyarbakır, and was built by architect Yusuf son of Ubeyd son of Sandjar in 1065, as stated in two lines of Kufic script in the inscription mounted on the southern facade of the bridge.[1]

The bridge is situated south of the city, 3 km (1.9 mi) outside of Mardinkapı/Deriyê Mêrdînê (literally: Mardin Gate). Its location is the nearest to the city considered the bends and the course of the river as well as the rate of water flow.[2] Built with black volcanic stones, the bridge is 178 m (584 ft) long and 5.60 m (18.4 ft) wide, varying at some places on it. Longest span of the ten arches measures 14.70 m (48.2 ft).[1]

Due to its historic characteristic, motorized traffic over the bridge suspended after the construction of the Marwanids Bridge (Turkish: Mervaniler Köprüsü; Kurdish: Pira Merwaniyan), or as initially named Bağıvar Bridge, in November 2009. The new bridge was built about 1 km (0.62 mi) south of Dicle Bridge, far enough not to spoil the landscape view of the old bridge.[3]

References

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  1. ^ a b c "Dicle Köprüsü (On Gözlü Köprü)" (in Turkish). Kent Haber. 2009-05-24. Archived from the original on 2012-03-18. Retrieved 2012-09-18.
  2. ^ Dalkılıç, Neslihan et Meral Halifeoğlu (2009-05-26). "Diyarbakır Merkez ve İlçelerinde Yer Alan Tarihi Köprüler" (PDF). Dicle Üniversitesi (in Turkish). Retrieved 2012-09-18.[permanent dead link] |
  3. ^ "Bağıvar Köprüsü Törenle Hizmete Açıldı - Diyarbakır". Haberciniz (in Turkish). 2009-11-25. Retrieved 2012-09-18.