Francis Richard Scobee (May 19, 1939 – January 28, 1986) was an American pilot, engineer and astronaut. He was killed while he was commanding the Space Shuttle Challenger in 1986, which suffered catastrophic booster failure during launch of the STS-51-L mission.
Francis Richard Scobee
May 19, 1939
Cle Elum, Washington, U.S.
|Died||January 28, 1986 (aged 46)|
Cape Canaveral, Florida, U.S.
|Resting place||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Alma mater||San Antonio College|
University of Arizona, B.S. 1965
|Rank||Lieutenant colonel, USAF|
Time in space
|6d 23h 40m|
|Selection||1978 NASA Group 8|
In April 1984, he piloted Challenger mission STS-41-C, which successfully deployed one satellite and repaired another. Selected for NASA Astronaut Corps in January 1978, Scobee completed his training in August 1979. While awaiting his first orbital spaceflight mission, he served as an instructor pilot for the Shuttle's 747 carrier aircraft.
Scobee was born May 19, 1939, in Cle Elum, Washington to Francis William Scobee and Edlynn (Miller) Scobee, he attended Washington Elementary School, Cascade Jr. High School, and Auburn Senior High School, from which he graduated in 1957.
Air Force serviceEdit
Scobee enlisted in the United States Air Force in 1957, where he served as a reciprocating engine mechanic at Kelly Air Force Base in San Antonio, Texas. While off duty, he attended San Antonio College, and eventually received a Bachelor of Science degree in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Arizona in 1965. He was a member of Tau Beta Pi. In 1965, he was awarded an officer's commission. Afterward, he attended flight school and earned his pilot wings in 1966, serving as a combat aviator in the Vietnam War. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Air Medal, and other decorations.
After his tour of duty, Scobee attended the USAF Aerospace Research Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base, 100 miles north of Los Angeles, California. Upon graduation in 1972, he became an Air Force test pilot, logging thousands of hours of flight time in dozens of aircraft, including the Boeing 747, the experimental X-24B lifting body, the F-111 Aardvark, and the gigantic C-5 Galaxy.
Scobee was assigned commander for the ill-fated STS-51-L mission. The mission, designed to deploy a satellite to study the approaching Halley's Comet and to inaugurate the Teacher in Space Project, was delayed numerous times due to bad weather and technical glitches. When the mission finally did lift off the pad, a solid rocket booster O-ring seal failure destroyed the shuttle 73 seconds into the flight, killing Scobee and the other six crew members; the disaster, viewed live on national television, prompted several days of national mourning, as well as a major shakeup at NASA. He died a lieutenant colonel. At T+68 into the mission, the CAPCOM Richard Covey informed the crew that they were "go at throttle up", and Scobee confirmed the call – his last recorded words were his response, "Roger, go at throttle up." The shuttle broke up 73 seconds into the flight, and at an altitude of 48,000 feet (14.6 km).
Some experts, including one of NASA's lead investigators, Robert Overmyer, who was closest to Scobee, believed most if not all of the crew were alive and possibly conscious during the entire descent until impact with the ocean. After the investigation, Overmyer stated, "I not only flew with Dick Scobee, we owned a plane together, and I know Scob did everything he could to save his crew. Scob fought for any and every edge to survive. He flew that ship without wings all the way down."
His parents were William and Francis Scobee; he married Virginia June Kent (now June Scobee Rodgers); he had two children, Kathie R. Scobee Fulgham and Lieutenant General Richard W. Scobee. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. June remarried in 1989 to retired Army LTG Don Rodgers. Richard graduated from the U.S. Air Force Academy, has flown F-16s for the USAF, and has commanded the 944th Fighter Wing, the 301st Fighter Wing, the 10th Air Force and U.S. Air Force Reserve Command. He led the military flyover during the pregame of Super Bowl XXX, which was played on the 10th anniversary of the disaster in 1996. He was promoted to brigadier general in December 2010, major general in March 2015 and lieutenant general in September 2018.
Awards and recognitionEdit
On July 9, 1994, the San Antonio College Planetarium was rededicated The Scobee Planetarium. In 2004, Scobee was posthumously awarded the Congressional Space Medal of Honor and was inducted into the Astronaut Hall of Fame. After the Challenger disaster, a number of schools, streets, and municipal facilities in the U.S. were renamed in his honor. North Auburn Elementary School in Auburn, WA was renamed Dick Scobee Elementary, and Auburn Municipal Airport became Dick Scobee Field. Dick Scobee Road in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, along with Ronald McNair Boulevard and Christa McAuliffe Street, commemorate Scobee and his fellow Challenger crew members. In Houston, Texas' George Bush Park, there is a R/C (Remote Controlled) Flying Field named in his honor. He was portrayed by Barry Bostwick in the 1990 TV movie Challenger. He also made an appearance in the Imax documentary The Dream is Alive, shot during the STS-41C mission. Dick Scobee Elementary was dedicated in a ceremony attended by June.
- CNN, Thom Patterson. "Son of space shuttle Challenger commander remembers tragedy". CNN. Retrieved 2019-02-03.
- "Biographical Data". NASA JSC. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
- Kerwin, Joseph P. (1986). "Challenger crew cause and time of death". Archived from the original on January 3, 2013. Retrieved July 4, 2006.
- Barbree, Jay (January 1997). "Chapter 5: An eternity of descent". MSNBC. Retrieved July 29, 2009.
- "Biographies : LIEUTENANT GENERAL RICHARD W. SCOBEE". www.af.mil. Retrieved 2018-09-18.
- "Biographies : COLONEL RICHARD W SCOBEE". 301fw.afrc.af.mil. Archived from the original on 2012-02-19. Retrieved 2012-05-18.
- "Naval Air Station Area Impact Expected To Grow With Base", Fort Worth Business Press, Fort Worth, TX, 22 February 2010
- Auburn Municipal Airport located in Washington State (WA) Archived 2006-03-07 at the Wayback Machine
- Map of [1-36] Dick Scobee Rd Myrtle Beach, SC by MapQuest