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Dichloramine is a reactive inorganic compound. It has the formula NHCl2. The yellow gas is unstable and reacts with many materials.[1] It is formed by a reaction between ammonia and chlorine or sodium hypochlorite. It is a byproduct formed during the synthesis of chloramine and nitrogen trichloride.

Dichloramine
Dichloramine-2D.png
Dichloramine-3D-spacefill.png
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
UNII
Properties
Cl2HN
Molar mass 85.92 g·mol−1
Appearance yellow gas[1]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

SynthesisEdit

Dichloramine can be prepared by a reaction between chloramine and chlorine or sodium hypochlorite:[1]

 

ReactionEdit

Dichloramine reacts with hydroxyl ion, which can be present in water or comes from water molecules, to yield nitroxyl radical and the chloride ion.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Holleman-Wiberg: Lehrbuch der Anorganischen Chemie, 102. Auflage, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-11-017770-1.
  2. ^ White, George Clifford (1986). The handbook of chlorination (2nd ed.). New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. p. 169. ISBN 0-442-29285-6.