Dibromochloromethane is a colorless to yellow, heavy and nonflammable compound with formula CHBr
2Cl. It is a trihalomethane. The substance has a sweet odour. Small quantities of dibromochloromethane are produced in ocean by algae.
|Preferred IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||208.28 g·mol−1|
|Density||2.451 g mL−1|
|Melting point||−22 °C (−8 °F; 251 K)|
|Boiling point||119 to 120 °C (246 to 248 °F; 392 to 393 K) at 99.7 kPa|
|8.6 μmol Pa−1 kg−1|
Refractive index (nD)
|GHS signal word||WARNING|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (median dose)
|370 mg kg−1 (oral, rat)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Dibromochloromethane was formerly used as a flame retardant and as an intermediate in chemicals manufacturing. Today it is used only as a laboratory reagent. Dibromochloromethane is also a disinfection byproduct, formed by the reaction of chlorine with natural organic matter and bromide ions in the raw water supply. As a result, it is commonly found in chlorinated drinking water. Also, it is able to reduce methane production in ruminants by 79 %
- "Dibromochloromethane". Sigma Aldrich. sigmaaldrich.com. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- "Public Health Statement for Bromoform and Dibromochloromethane". atsdr.cdc.gov. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- "BROMOFORM AND DIBROMOCHLOROMETHANE" (PDF). atsdr.cdc.gov. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- Identification of bioactives from the red seaweed Asparagopsis taxiformis that promote antimethanogenic activity in vitro