Dhu al-Qadah

Dhu al-Qa'dah (Arabic: ذُو ٱلْقَعْدَة, Ḏū al-Qa ʿdah, IPA: [ðu‿l.qaʕ.dah]), also spelled Dhu al-Qi'dah or Zu al-Qa'dah, is the eleventh month in the Islamic calendar.

Dhu al-Qadah
Combat between Ali ibn Abi Talib and Amr Ben Wad near Medina.JPG
Anachronistic painting of a combat between Ali ibn Abi Talib (left) and Amr ibn Abd al-Wud (right) during the Battle of the Trench
Native nameذُو ٱلْقَعْدَة (Arabic)
CalendarIslamic calendar
Month number11
Number of days29-30 (depends on actual observation of the moon's crescent)
Significant days

It could possibly mean "possessor or owner of the sitting and seating place" - the space occupied while sitting or the manner of the sitting, pose or posture.

It is one of the four sacred months in Islam during which warfare is prohibited, hence the name "Master of Truces".

In Ottoman times, the name in Ottoman Turkish was Zi'l-ka'dé,[1] abbreviation Za.[2] In modern Turkish, it is Zilkade.

TransliterationEdit

The most correct and most traditionally widespread transliteration of the month according to the thirteenth century Syrian jurist al-Nawawi is Dhu'l Qa'dah. Al-Nawawi also mentions that a smaller group of linguists allow the transliteration Dhu'l-Qi'dah, however.[3] In modern times, it is most commonly referred to as Dhu'l Qi'dah although this is neither linguistically nor historically the strongest position.

TimingEdit

The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the tropical year, Dhu'l-Qi'dah migrates throughout the seasons. The estimated start and end dates for Dhu'l-Qi'dah, based on the Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia, are:[4]

Dhu'l-Qi'dah dates between 2021 and 2025
AH First day (CE/AD) Last day (CE/AD)
1442 11 June 2021 10 July 2021
1443 31 May 2022 29 June 2022
1444 21 May 2023 18 June 2023
1445 09 May 2024 06 June 2024
1446 29 April 2025 27 May 2025

Islamic eventsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Youssof, R. (1890). Dictionnaire portatif turc-français de la langue usuelle en caractères latins et turcs. Constantinople. p. 642.
  2. ^ Youssof, R. (1890). Dictionnaire portatif turc-français de la langue usuelle en caractères latins et turcs. Constantinople. p. 632.
  3. ^ Sharh Sahih Muslim, Kitab al Qisama wal Muharibeen wal Qisas wal Diyyaat, باب تغليظ تحريم الدماء والأعراض والأموال
  4. ^ Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia

External linksEdit