Dhofar Liberation Front

Dhofar Liberation Front (DLF) (Arabic: جبهة تحرير ظفار) was a communist front that was established to create a separatist state in Dhofar, the southern province of Oman, which shared a border with South Yemen.[1]

Dhofar Liberation Front
جبهة تحرير ظفار
Succeeded byPopular Front for the Liberation of the Occupied Arabian Gulf
IdeologyArab nationalism
International affiliationArab Nationalist Movement
Party flag
Flag of the Dhofar Liberation Front.svg

The DLF was established by communist (Marxist–Leninist)[2] youth in Salalah in 1965. Its main aim was to secure funding for the development of the area[3] and to end the rule of the Sultan of Muscat and Oman (Said bin Taimur).[4]

The two leadership characters that would be at the core of the front's short history were Musallam bin Nufl and Yusuf bin Alawi bin Abdullah.[5][6]

They, being supported by South Yemen, fought a 10-year insurgency against the Sultan of Muscat and Oman's Armed Forces.[4] The Sultanate Army, supported by Iran and the United Kingdom, managed to remove the DLF and to push its forces towards the border of Yemen and the mountains in 1976.


  1. ^ UK, National Archives. "FCO 51/41 Dhofar Liberation Front". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
  2. ^ Peter Janke; Richard Sim (October 1983). Guerrilla and terrorist organisations: a world directory and bibliography. Macmillan. p. 265. ISBN 978-0-02-916150-0. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  3. ^ Kendall D. Gott (October 2010). U. S. Army and the Interagency Process: Historical Perspectives: The Proceedings of the Combat Studies Institute 2008 Military History Symposium. DIANE Publishing. p. 203. ISBN 978-1-4379-2380-3. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  4. ^ a b John Townsend (1977). Oman: the måking of a modern state. C. Helm. p. 98. ISBN 978-0-85664-446-7. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  5. ^ Valeri, Marc (2009). Oman: Politics and Society in the Qaboos State. Hurst. p. 60. ISBN 9781850659334. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
  6. ^ Peterson, J. E. (2013). Oman's Insurgencies: The Sultanate's Struggle for Supremacy. Saqi. p. 200. ISBN 9780863567025. Retrieved 23 August 2017.