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Dhātus (dhä·tōōs), n.pl. ( from Sanskrit धातु dhātu - layer, stratum, constituent part, ingredient, element, primitive matter ) in Ayurveda, the seven fundamental principles (elements) that support the basic structure (and functioning) of the body.
They consist of:
- Rasa dhatu (Lymph)
- Rakta dhatu (Blood)
- Mamsa dhatu (Muscles)
- Medha dhatu (Fat)
- Asthi dhatu (Bone)
- Majja dhatu (marrow (bone and spinal))
- Shukra dhatu (Semen)
Traditional texts often refer to the above as the Seven Dhātus (Saptadhātus). Ojas is known as the eighth Dhātu, or Mahādhātu (superior, or great dhātu).