Open main menu

Devlet II Giray (1648 – 1718) was Crimean Khan in 1699–1702 and 1709–1713. He occupied the throne between the board and Qaplan I Giray. The eldest son was Selim II Giray.

First Rule (1699–1702)Edit

Selim I Giray, after his retirement in 1699 recommended Devlet II Giray Khan to the post and he was confirmed in rank Khan. Board Devlet II took place in difficult circumstances. In the early reign he faced a conflict that broke out between his brothers for posts and Kalga Nureddin. One participant in the dispute, Goran Gaza, fled to Budzhak and there gathered around a rebellious nohaytsiv that had intended to leave the subordination of the Crimea. This rebellion was suppressed Devlet II Giray. Soon Khan had difficulties with foreign origin. The Ottoman Empire, which signed peace with Moscow, leaving aside all warnings Khan, who reported on the plans of Peter I of Russia continue war in the south. Devlet II Giray tried to organize against the will of the sultan warning campaign against the Russians had gathered a large army, but the sultan immediately stripped of his power, restoring the throne of Selim I Giray.[1]

Second Rule (1709–1713)Edit

The second rule Devlet Giray II was marked by the fact that he supported the intention of Zaporozhye and Ivan Mazepa release by Sweden Ukraine from Moscow's dependence. After the defeat of the Swedish-Cossack army at Poltava, Khan allowed the Cossacks, who ryatuvalasya tsar of revenge, settle on the Crimean Khanate in the Lower Dnieper.

Devlet II Giray Sultan always expressed their fears that Muscovy has no intention to abide by long peace and will soon begin its territorial grabs in Crimea and at the expense of the Ottoman Empire. Sultan reaction was very weak due to fear of war with Russia. He was brought on with the Pruth River Campaign, when Charles XII of Sweden convinced the Ottomans and the Khanate to declare war on Russia. The Ottomans won the war, and Russia lost Moldavia.

Sultan Ahmed III deposed Devlet II Giray from the throne of the Crimean Khanate following allegations of improper treatment of the Swedish King Charles XII (who sought asylum in Turkey) during the campaigns against Russia (Devlet II Giray considered Charles XII a prisoner and ignored his commands) and sent him into exile to the Ottoman island of Rodos in the Aegean Sea. Devlet II Giray then moved to Vize in present-day Turkey and died there in 1719.[2]