Devlet II Giray

Devlet II Giray (1648 – 1718) was Khan of the Crimean Khanate from 1699 to 1702 and from 1709 to 1713. His eldest son was Selim II Giray.

Devlet II Giray
Khan of the Tatar Crimean Khanate
(1st reign)
Reign1699–1702
PredecessorSelim I Giray
SuccessorSelim I Giray
Khan of the Tatar Crimean Khanate
(2nd reign)
Reign1709–1713
PredecessorQaplan I Giray
SuccessorQaplan I Giray
Born1648
Died1718
DynastyGiray dynasty
ReligionIslam

First Rule (1699–1702)Edit

Selim I Giray, after his retirement in 1699, recommended Devlet II Giray Khan to the post who was confirmed in the rank of Khan by the Ottoman Empire. In the early years of his reign, he faced a conflict that broke out between his brothers and Kalga Nureddin for important positions within the Khanate. One participant in the dispute, Goran Gaza, fled to Bujak and there gathered around himself rebellious Nogays that had intended to leave the subordination of the Crimea. This rebellion was suppressed by Devlet II Giray. Soon Khan had difficulties with foreign states. The Ottoman Empire, which signed peace treaty with Moscow, ignored all the warnings of the Khan, who reported on the plans of Peter I of Russia to continue to wage war in the south. Devlet II Giray tried to organize an army against the will of the Ottoman sultan Mustafa II, but was immediately stripped of his power. Sultan restored Selim I Giray to the Crimean throne.[1]

Second Rule (1709–1713)Edit

After the defeat of the Swedish-Cossack army at Poltava, Khan allowed the Cossacks, who ryatuvalasya tsar of revenge, settle on the Crimean Khanate in the Lower Dnieper.

Devlet II Giray always expressed his fears that Muscovy had no intention to abide by a long peace and would soon begin its new invasion of Crimea at the expense of the Ottoman Empire. Sultan Ahmed III's initial reaction was very weak due to the fear of another war with Imperial Russia. He later proceeded with the Pruth River Campaign, when Charles XII of Sweden convinced the Ottomans and the Crimean Khanate to declare war on Russia. The Ottomans won the war, while Russia lost Moldavia.

Second dethronement and deathEdit

Sultan Ahmed III deposed Devlet II Giray from the throne of the Crimean Khanate following allegations of improper treatment of the Swedish King Charles XII (who sought asylum in Turkey) during the campaigns against Russia (Devlet II Giray considered Charles XII a prisoner) and sent him into exile to the Ottoman island of Rodos in the Aegean Sea. Devlet II Giray then moved to Vize in present-day Turkey and died there in 1719.[2]

ReferencesEdit

Preceded by
Selim I Giray
Khan of Crimea
1699–1702
Succeeded by
Selim I Giray
Preceded by
Qaplan I Giray
Khan of Crimea
1709–1713
Succeeded by
Qaplan I Giray