Devil on the Cross

Devil on the Cross is 1980 Gikuyu language novel (orig. title Caitaani mũtharaba-Inĩ) written and self translated by Kenyan novelist Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, which was later republished as part of the influential African Writers Series in 1982.[1] The novel, though dealing with a diverse range of literary conventions and themes,[2] focuses on politically challenging the role of international money and culture in Kenya.[1][3]


  1. ^ a b Brittain, Victoria (1982-06-03). "Kenya's Dissident". London Review of Books. pp. 19–20. ISSN 0260-9592. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  2. ^ Mputubwele, Makim M. "Book Review: Ngugi and African Postcolonial Narrative: The Novel as Oral Narrative in Multigenre Performance". MFS Modern Fiction Studies. 44 (2): 478–480. doi:10.1353/mfs.1998.0014. ISSN 1080-658X.
  3. ^ Gichingiri, Ndigirigi, (1991-01-01). "Character Names and Types in Ngugi's Devil on the Cross". Ufahamu: A Journal of African Studies. 19 (2–3).CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)