Devanga is a Hindu caste from South India that traditionally followed the occupation of weaving, mostly found in the Indian states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Pondicherry and Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and also that of Odisha, where they are known as Deras.
|Regions with significant populations|
|Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala|
|Kannada, Telugu, Malayalam|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Saliya, Padmashali, Pattusali, Kaikala|
Origin and cultureEdit
Once devangas and padmashali are same. Devanga separated from padmashali by attracted towards Shaivism. Devangas follow Veerashaivism or Shaivism. While some Devangas wear the yagnopaveetam or janivara, others consider the Viramustis as their traditional preceptors, from whom they take precepts and wear lingam.
Most members of this community were professional weavers and used to mainly produce pure cotton apparel. They were accordingly primarily concentrated around major textile centres in the Godavari district.
They were known for good craftsmanship in weaving clothes of all varieties and they weave superfine quality cotton clothes. Weaving the loom is usually done by men whereas women dye the yarn and spin the thread and children assist tasks such as looming. They are also very good entrepreneurs and expert in marketing of clothes. Some of them are also engaged in trading vegetables, groceries etc.
- Nainar, Nahla (21 March 2014). "Silence of the looms". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
- George, Anubha. "For 500 years, a Kannadiga community of weavers has produced Kerala's iconic white and gold saree". Scroll.in. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
- Acharya, Prasant Kumar. Sacred Complex of Budhi Santani: Anthropological Approach to Study Hindu Civilization (2003 ed.). New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company. pp. 240–246. ISBN 978-8-18069-049-5.
- Swarnalatha, P. (2005). "The Social World of the Weaver". The World of the Weaver in Northern Coromandel, c. 1750 - c. 1850. New Delhi: Orient Blackswan. p. 36, 37. ISBN 978-8-12502-868-0.
- "A ritual of pain to connect with the past - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
- Swarnalatha, P. (2005). "The Social World of the Weaver". The World of the Weaver in Northern Coromandel, c. 1750 - c. 1850. New Delhi: Orient Blackswan. pp. 39–45. ISBN 978-8-12502-868-0.
- Parthasarathi, Prasannan (2001). The Transition to a Colonial Economy: Weavers, Merchants and Kings in South India, 1720-1800. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-52157-042-8.