Deutsches Institut für Normung

Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. (DIN; in English, the German Institute for Standardisation) is the German national organization for standardization and is the German ISO member body. DIN is a German Registered Association (e.V.) headquartered in Berlin. There are currently around thirty thousand DIN Standards, covering nearly every field of technology.

Upper case san-serif letters "d", "i", "n" with narrow black bars above and below
Logo of the German Institute for Standardization
DIN headquarters is a modern 7-story office building with their logo on the front
Head office of the German Institute for Standardization in Berlin-Tiergarten

History edit

Founded in 1917 as the Normenausschuß der deutschen Industrie (NADI, "Standardisation Committee of German Industry"), the NADI was renamed Deutscher Normenausschuß (DNA, "German Standardisation Committee") in 1926 to reflect that the organization now dealt with standardization issues in many fields; viz., not just for industrial products. In 1975 it was renamed again to Deutsches Institut für Normung, or 'DIN' and is recognised by the German government as the official national-standards body, representing German interests at the international and European levels.

The acronym, 'DIN' is often incorrectly expanded as Deutsche Industrienorm ("German Industry Standard"). This is largely due to the historic origin of the DIN as "NADI". The NADI indeed published their standards as DI-Norm (Deutsche Industrienorm). For example, the first published standard was 'DI-Norm 1' (about tapered pins) in 1918. Many people still mistakenly associate DIN with the old DI-Norm naming convention.

One of the earliest, and probably the best known, is DIN 476 — the standard that introduced the A-series paper sizes in 1922 — adopted in 1975 as International Standard ISO 216. Common examples in modern technology include DIN and mini-DIN connectors for electronics, and the DIN rail.

DIN SPEC 3105, published in 2020, is "the first German standard to be published under an open license (CC-BY-SA 4.0) [...] to implement an open standardisation process".[1]

DIN standard designation edit

The designation of a DIN standard shows its origin (# denotes a number):

  • DIN # is used for German standards with primarily domestic significance or designed as a first step toward international status. E DIN # is a draft standard and DIN V # is a preliminary standard.
  • DIN EN # is used for the German edition of European standards.
  • DIN ISO # is used for the German edition of ISO standards.
  • DIN EN ISO # is used if the standard has also been adopted as a European standard.

Examples of DIN standards edit

Access to standards edit

For four EN standards, which are available as DIN-EN standards for a fee from DIN Media GmbH (formerly Beuth Verlag),[2] [3] [4][5] the European Court of Justice (ECJ) decided on March 5, 2024 that these must be made available free of charge because these standards are part of European Union law. [6]

See also edit

  1. ^ Bonvoisin, Jérémy; Molloy, Jenny; Haeuer, Martin; Wenzel, Tobias (2020-04-15). "Standardisation of Practices in Open Source Hardware". Journal of Open Hardware. 4. arXiv:2004.07143. doi:10.5334/joh.22. S2CID 215768760.
  2. ^ "DIN EN 71-4:2013-05". (in German). DIN Media GmbH. Retrieved 2024-05-04.
  3. ^ "DIN EN 71-5:2015-12". (in German). DIN Media GmbH. Retrieved 2024-05-04.
  4. ^ "DIN EN 71-12:2013-07". (in German). DIN Media GmbH. Retrieved 2024-05-04.
  5. ^ "DIN EN 12472:2006-03; German version of EN 12472:2005". (in German). DIN Media GmbH. Retrieved 2024-05-09.
  6. ^ "JUDGMENT OF THE COURT (Grand Chamber), 5 March 2024 (*), (Appeal – Access to documents of the institutions of the European Union – Regulation (EC) No 1049/2001 – Article 4(2) – Exceptions – Refusal to grant access to a document whose disclosure would undermine the protection of commercial interests of a natural or legal person, including intellectual property – Overriding public interest in disclosure – Harmonised standards adopted by the European Committee for Standardisation (CEN) – Protection deriving from copyright – Principle of the rule of law – Principle of transparency – Principle of openness – Principle of good governance), In Case C‑588/21 P,". European Court of Justice (ECJ). 2024-03-05. Retrieved 2024-05-01.

External links edit