Desulfovibrio is a genus of Gram-negative sulfate-reducing bacteria. Desulfovibrio species are commonly found in aquatic environments with high levels of organic material, as well as in water-logged soils, and form major community members of extreme oligotrophic habitats such as deep granitic fractured rock aquifers.

Dvulgaris micrograph.JPG
Desulfovibrio vulgaris
Scientific classification

Kluyver & van Niel 1936

D. acrylicus
D. aerotolerans
D. aespoeensis
D. africanus
D. alaskensis
D. alcoholivorans
D. alkalitolerans
D. aminophilus
D. arcticus
D. baarsii
D. baculatus
D. bastinii
D. biadhensis[1]
D. bizertensis
D. burkinensis
D. butyratiphilus
D. capillatus
D. carbinolicus
D. carbinoliphilus
D. cuneatus
D. dechloracetivorans
D. desulfuricans
D. ferrireducens
D. frigidus
D. fructosivorans
D. furfuralis
D. gabonensis
D. giganteus
D. gigas
D. gracilis
D. halophilus
D. hydrothermalis
D. idahonensis
D. indonesiensis
D. inopinatus
D. intestinalis
D. legallii
D. alitoralis
D. longreachensis
D. longus
D. magneticus
D. marinus
D. marinisediminis
D. marrakechensis
D. mexicanus
D. multispirans
D. oceani
D. oxamicus
D. oxyclinae
D. paquesii
D. piezophilus
D. pigra
D. portus
D. profundus
D. psychrotolerans
D. putealis
D. salixigens
D. sapovorans
D. senezii
D. simplex
D. sulfodismutans
D. termitidis
D. thermophilus
D. tunisiensis
D. vietnamensis
D. vulgaris
D. zosterae

Like other sulfate-reducing bacteria, Desulfovibrio was long considered to be obligately anaerobic. This is not strictly correct: while growth may be limited, these bacteria can survive in O2-rich environments. These types of bacteria are known as aerotolerant.

Some Desulfovibrio species have in recent years been shown to have bioremediation potential for toxic radionuclides such as uranium by a reductive bioaccumulation process.


  1. ^ Parte, A.C. "Desulfovibrio". LPSN.
  • Madigan M; Martinko J, eds. (2005). Brock Biology of Microorganisms (11th ed.). Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-144329-1.

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