Open main menu
The Ottomans were officially from Hanafi-Sunni branch of Islam, the names of two sons of Fatimah and Ali were inscribed inside all of their mosques. An example of this is the writings of Hasan and Husayn, two grandchildren of Muhammad by the calligrapher Kazasker Mustafa İzzed Effendi with Islamic calligraphy in Ayasofya Museum, Istanbul, Turkey.

Alī ibn Abī Tālib (Arabic: عَـلِي ابـن أَﺑِﻲ طَـالِـب‎, 599 – 661 ACE) was an early[a] Islamic leader. Ali is revered by Sunni Muslims as the last of the four Rightly Guided Caliphs, and as a foremost religious authority on the Qur'an and Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). Shi'a Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the first rightful caliph. Ali was the cousin of Muhammad, and after marriage to Fatimah he also became Muhammad's son-in-law. His descendants through Fatimah are revered today in Shia Islam as Imams, Sharifs or Sayyids.

His father was Abu Talib and his mother was Fatima bint Asad, but he was raised in the household of Muhammad, who himself was raised by Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle. When Muhammad reported receiving a divine revelation, Ali was the first child to accept his message and first to convert to Islam at the age of 12, dedicating his life to the cause of Islam.[4][5][6]

In Muslim culture, Ali is respected for his courage, knowledge, belief, honesty to Islam, deep loyalty to Muhammad, equal treatment of all Muslims and generosity in forgiving his defeated enemies, and therefore is central to mystical traditions in Islam such as Sufism. Ali retains his stature as an authority on Quranic exegesis, Islamic jurisprudence and religious thought.[7] Ali holds a high position in almost all Sufi orders which trace their lineage through him to Muhammad. Ali's influence has been important throughout Islamic history.

Contents

Family tree (graphical)Edit

Family tree (textual)Edit

Paternal grand father: Shaiba ibn Hashim ('Abdul Muttalib ibn Hashim), see Family tree of Shaiba ibn Hashim
Paternal grand mother: Fatimah bint Amr
Father: Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
Mother: Fatima bint Asad
Brother: Ja`far ibn Abī Tālib
Nephew: Awn ibn Ja'far
Nephew: Abdullah ibn Ja'farmarried Zaynab bint Ali
Grand Nephews: Aun ibn Abdillah and Muhammad ibn Abdillahdied at the Battle of Karbala
Brother: Aqeel ibn Abi Talib
Nephew: Muslim ibn Aqeeldied before the Battle of Karbala
Grand Nephews: Muhammad ibn Muslim and Ibraheem ibn Muslimdied before the Battle of Karbala
Brother: Talib ibn Abu Talib
Sister: Fakhitah bint Abi Talib
Sister: Jumanah bint Abi Talib
Paternal uncle: Hamza ibn Abd al-Muttalib
Paternal uncle: Abd Allah ibn Abd al Muttalib — father of Muhammad
Paternal aunt: Aminah bint Wahb — mother of Muhammad
Cousin: Muhammad
Cousin's daughters: Fatimah, Zainab bint Muhammad, Ruqayyah bint Muhammad, Umm Kulthum bint Muhammad
Cousin's sons: Qasim ibn Muhammad, Abd-Allah ibn Muhammad, Ibrahim ibn Muhammad
Himself: Ali

DescendantsEdit

Wife: Fatimah — daughter of Muhammad, see Family tree of Muhammad[8]
Daughter: Zaynab bint Alisurvived the Battle of Karbala
Daughter: Umm Kulthum bint Ali then her cousins Awn and Muhammad[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19]
Grandson: Zayd ibn Umar, who was famously known as Ibn Al-Khalīfaṫayn (Arabic: ابـن الـخَـلِـيـفَـتَـيـن‎)
Son: Muhsin ibn Alidied before birth (Shia) or during infancy (Sunni)
Son: Hasan ibn AliCaliph,[20] died by poison during the reign of Muawiyah
Grandson: Qasim ibn Hasandied at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Meesam ibn Hasan died at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Abdullah ibn Hasan died at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Sayyid al-Hasan al-Muthanna[21]
Grandson: Zaid ibn Hasan
Granddaughter: Fatimah bint al-Hasan
Great grandson: Abdallah ibn Hasan al-Muthanna
Great-great grandson: Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya
Son: Husayn ibn Alidied at the Battle of Karbala, see also Family tree of Husayn ibn Ali
Granddaughter: Sakina bint Husayn original name Fatimah al-Kubra ("Fatimah the Elder) —[22] survived the Battle of Karbala, see also Daughters of Husayn ibn Ali
Granddaughter: Ruqayyah orginal name Sukayna bint Husayn (Arabic: رُقَـيَّـة‎) (b. AH 56)
Granddaughter: Fatimah as-Sughra( Fatimah the Younger") (b. AH 45) (Mother:Layla)
Grandson: Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayndied at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayndied at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Zayn al-Abidinsurvived the Battle of Karbala
Great grandson: Muhammad al-Baqir
Great grandson: Zayd ibn Ali
Wife: Umamah bint Zainab bint Muhammad
Son: Hilal, died in Khorasan in 64 AH[23]
Awn, died in Khorasan, 64 A.H.[23]
Muhammad al-Awsat (The middle Muhammad)[24]
Wife: Umm ul-Banin — which means mother of many sons, her real name was Fatimah bint Hizam al-Qilabiyyah
Son: Al-Abbas ibn Alidied at the Battle of Karbala, married Lubaba bint Ubaydillah[25]
Grandson: Ubaydullah ibn al-Abbas
Grandson: Al-Fadl ibn al-Abbasdied at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Qasim ibn al-Abbasdied at the Battle of Karbala
Son: Abdullah ibn Ali — died at the Battle of Karbala
Son: Jafar ibn Alidied at the Battle of Karbala
Son: Musa ibn Alidied at the Battle of Karbala
Daughter: Ruqayyah[24] departed to the Indian subcontinent after the Battle of Karbala
Wife: Leila bint Masoud
Son: Ubaid Allah bin Ali[26]
Son: Abi Bakr bin Ali[25]
Wife: Khawlah bint Ja'far
Son: Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
Wife: Asma bint Umays
Son: Yahya bin Ali,[24] died in 61 AH
Son: Muhammad al-Asghar[24] died at the Battle of Karbala
Stepdaughter: Umm Kulthum bint Abi Bakr
Stepson: Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr
Stepson: Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr
Other(s):[24]
Son: Umar
Daughter: Ramlah al-Kubra (The eldest Ramlah)
Daughter: Umm Al-Hasan
Daughter: Umm Hani
Daughter: Maymūnah
Daughter: Zainab as-Sughra (The youngest Zainab)
Daughter: Umm Kulthum
Daughter: Fatimah
Daughter: Umamah
Daughter: Khadijah
Daughter: Umm al-Kiram
Daughter: Umm Salmah
Daughter: Umm Ja'far
Daughter: Jumanah
Daughter: Nafeesah

Descendants (graphical)Edit

The Sayyid Aljabery family of southern Iraq are descendants of Ali from his son Imam Husayn. The Idrisid and Alaouite dynasties of Morocco claim to be descended from Ali and Fatimah. The descendants of Ali include the Hashemite royal families of Jordan[27] various Somali clans,[28] the Husseini family of Lebanon, the Hiraki family of Syria and Egypt, the Alaouite royal family of Morocco and the Ashrafs of the city of Harar, Mashwanis and Awan families of Pashtuns in Pakistan. Other prominent descendants include: Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Muhammad ibn Qasim (al-Alawi), Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq (Al-Dibaj), Yahya ibn Umar, Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hadi and Ibn Dihya al-Kalby.

Fatimah bint Muhammad (Family tree)Ali al Murtaza
ibn Abi Talib
Khawlah bint Ja'far
Hasan al-Mujtabāal-HusaynMuhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
MuhammadZaydQāsimHasan al-Mu'thannāAbu BakrFātimah bint HasanAli Zayn
al-Abedin
AliAbu Hashim
HasanYahyaMuhammadAbd AllahTalhaHasanAbu Bakr
(Family tree)
Hasan (Alavids)MaymūnahUmm al-Husayn[29]AliMuhammad ibn Abu Bakr
AbdallahDaudHasanIbrahimJā`farMuhammadHasanAl-Qasim ibn Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SulaymanAliIsmailHasanAliMuhammad al-BaqirUmm Farwah bint al-Qasim
Sulaymanids
of Yemen
and Mecca
Husayn
Sahib Fakhkh
Ibrahim
Tabataba
HasanHusayn'Umar al-AshrafZayd ibn AliJā`far al-Ṣādiq
Muhammadal-Qasim ar-RassiUbayd AllahYahyaIdris
Imams
of Yemen
Hasan al-UtrushHasanHusayn
Musa al-DjawnYahyaIbrahimIdris I of MoroccoMuhammad al-Nafs al-ZakiyyaSulaymanJā`farIsa
IbrahimAliAbd AllahIdrisids of
Morocco
and
Hammudids
of Spain
Sharifs
of Morocco
Sulaymanids
of the Maghrib
Sharifs
of Sus
Yahya ibn Umar ibn Yahya ibn Husayn ibn Zayd al-Kūfī
Yusuf
al-Ukhaidhir
Husayn
al-Ukhaidhir
Ismāʿīl ibn Jā`farAbdullah al-AftahMusa
al-Kazim
IshakMuhammad al-Dibaj
Banu al-UkhaidhirMusaSalihSulaymanMuhammad ibn IsmāʿīlMuhammad ibn AbdullahAli
al-Rida
AhmadAli al-Uraidhi
Muhammad ibn YusufBanu Katada of Mecca & Banu FulaytaBanu Salih
of Ghana
Sulaymanid
Sharifs
Hidden Ismāʿīli ImāmsMuhammad
al-Jawad
Yusuf ibn MuhammadFatimid caliphsAli al-HadiMusa al-Mubarraqa
Ismāʿīl ibn YusufMuhammadMustaaliNizār Hasan
al-Askari
MuhammadJā`far
Hassan ibn IsmāʿīlAl-Hafizal-AmirImams of AlamutMuhammad
al-Mahdi
Ahmad ibn HassanHafizisal-TayyibAgha Khans
Abu'l-Muqallid Jā`far[30]

Lineage of Husayn ibn AliEdit

This is a simplified family tree of Husayn ibn Ali. People in italics are considered by the majority of Shia and Sunni Muslims to be Ahl al-Bayt (People of the House). Twelver Shia also see the 4th to 12th Imams as Ahl al-Bayt (Ali is an imam in Mustaali but no number is assigned for this position, and Hasan ibn Ali is not an Imam in Nizari Imamah).


Muhammad
grandfather
(family tree)
 
Khadijah bint Khuwaylid
grandmother
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fatimah
mother
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ali
father
1st Shia Imāmah, 4th Sunni Rashidun
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhsin ibn Ali
brother
 
Hasan ibn Ali
brother
2nd Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 1st Mustaali Imāmah
 
 
Husayn ibn Ali
3rd Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 2nd Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
 
 
Umm Kulthum bint Ali
sister
 
Zaynab bint Ali
sister
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shahrbanu
wife
 
Rubab bint Imra al-Qais
wife
 
 
 
Layla bint Abi Murrah al-Thaqafi
wife
 
 
Umm Ishaq bint Talhah
wife
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fatimah as-Sughra
daughter
 
Sakinah bint Husayn
daughter
 
Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn
son
 
Sukayna bint Husayn
daughter
 
Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn
son
 
Fatimah bint Husayn
daughter
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mother of ‘Umar
 
 
 
Ali ibn Husayn
son
4th Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 3rdMustaali/Nizari Imāmah
 
Fatimah bint al-Hasan
daughter-in-law
 
Jayda al-Sindhi
 
 
 
 
 
Umar ibn Husayn
son
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‘Umar al-Ashraf
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad al-Baqir
grandson
5th Twelver and 4th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
 
Farwah bint al-Qasim
(Umm Farwa)
 
Zayd ibn Ali
grandson
5th Zaidiyyah Imāmah
 
 
Abu Bakr ibn Husayn
son
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‘Alī
 
Hamidah Khatun
 
 
 
Ja'far al-Sadiq
great-grandson
6th Twelver and 5th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
 
 
 
Fatima bint al-Hussain'l-Athram bin al-Hasan bin Ali
 
 
Zaynab bint Husayn
daughter
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
al-Ḥasan
 
Musa al-Kadhim
great-great-grandson
7th Twelver Imāmah
 
 
Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq
great-great-grandson
 
 
Isma'il ibn Jafar
great-great-grandson
6th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
 
Unknown
 
Umm Kulthum bint Husayn
daughter
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‘Alī
 
 
 
 
Ummul Banīn Najmah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
al-Nāṣir al-Kabīr
 
Ali ar-Ridha
great-great-great-grandson
8th Twelver Imāmah
 
Sabīkah a.k.a. Khayzurān
 
 
 
 
Muhammad ibn Ismail
great-great-great-grandson
7th and the last Sevener Imāmah and 7th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
 
Fatima
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sumānah
 
Muhammad al-Taqi
great-great-great-great-
grandson
9th Twelver Imāmah
 
 
Unknown
 
Ahmad al-Wafi
great-great-great-great-grandson
8th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
 
Other issue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ali al-Hadi
great-great-great-great-great-grandson
10th Twelver Imāmah
 
Hâdise ( Hadīthah ) / Suzan ( Sūsan ) / Sevil ( Savīl )
 
Other issue
 
Muhammad at-Taqi
great-great-great-great-great-grandson
9th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
 
Unknown
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hasan al-Askari
great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson
11th Twelver Imāmah
 
Narjis
 
 
 
 
 
Rabi Abdullah
great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson
10th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad al-Mahdi
great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson
12th and final Twelver Imāmah

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Assuming that Islam started with Muhammad. Muslims believe that Islam did not start with him, but that it represents even previous Prophets, such as Jesus, David, Moses, Abraham, Noah and Adam.[1][2][3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Esposito, John (1998). Islam: The Straight Path (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 9, 12. ISBN 978-0-19-511234-4. 
  2. ^ Esposito (2002b), pp. 4–5.
  3. ^ Peters, F.E. (2003). Islam: A Guide for Jews and Christians. Princeton University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-691-11553-2. 
  4. ^ Tabatabaei 1979, p. 191
  5. ^ Ashraf 2005, p. 14
  6. ^ Diana, Steigerwald. "Alī ibn Abu Talib". Encyclopaedia of Islam and the Muslim world. 1. MacMillan. ISBN 978-0-02-865604-5. 
  7. ^ Madelung 1997, p. 309 and 310
  8. ^ Books, Happy. "Family Tree of Ali ibn Abi Taalib". Happy Books. Retrieved 2 July 2011. 
  9. ^ Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Majalis ul-Mo’mineen. pp. 85–89. 
  10. ^ al-Murtaza, Sharif. Al-Shaafi. p. 116. 
  11. ^ Al-Hadid, Hibatullah. Sharh Nahj ul-Balagha. 3. p. 124. 
  12. ^ Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir. Bihar al-Anwar. p. 621. 
  13. ^ Ardabili, Muqaddas. Hadiqat al-Shi‘a. p. 277. 
  14. ^ Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Masa'ib un-Nawasib. p. 170. 
  15. ^ Al-Amili, Zayn al-Din al-Juna'i. "Lawahiq-al-'Aqd". Masalik al-Ifham fi Sharh Shara-il-Islam. 1. 
  16. ^ Qumi, Abbas. Muntahi al-Aamal. 1. p. 186. 
  17. ^ Shahidi, Sayyed Ja'far. Life of Fatemeh Zahra(SA). pp. 263–265. 
  18. ^ Baqir, Muhammad. Mir'at ul-Uqool. 21. p. 199. 
  19. ^ Al-Tusi, Nasir Al-Din. Al-Mabsoot. 4. p. 272. 
  20. ^ Tabatabae (1979), page 194 Archived 2008-03-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ http://en.wikishia.net/view/Al-Hasan_al-Muthanna
  22. ^ The Sunshine Book, By Dr. S. Manzoor Rizvi; p323;
  23. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  24. ^ a b c d e Harouf.com [harouf.com/SiratAhlelbeit/EmamAli1.htm harouf.com/SiratAhlelbeit/EmamAli1.htm] Check |url= value (help).  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  25. ^ a b Al-Tabari, pp. 178–179
  26. ^ 1-ابوبكربن علي(شهادت او مشكوك است). 2-جعفربن علي. 3-عباس بن علي(ابولفضل) 4-عبدالله بن علي. 5-عبدالله بن علي العباس بن علي. 6-عبدالله بن الاصغر. 7-عثمان بن علي. 8-عمر بن علي. 9-محمد الاصغر بن علي. 10-محمدبن العباس بن علي."
  27. ^ Family tree of King Abdullah of Jordan
  28. ^ Johnson, John William (1996). Heelloy: Modern Poetry and Songs of the Somali. Indiana University Press. p. 23. ISBN 1874209812. 
  29. ^ Al-Yasin, Shaykh Radi. "1". Sulh al-Hasan. Jasim al-Rasheed. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. p. 4. 
  30. ^ Madelung, "Al-Ukhaydir," p. 792