Family tree of Ali

  (Redirected from Descendants of Ali ibn Abi Talib)

Alī ibn Abī Tālib (Arabic: عَـلِي ابـن أَﺑِﻲ طَـالِـب‎, 599 – 661 ACE) was an early[a] Islamic leader. Ali is revered by Sunni Muslims as the fourth Rightly Guided Caliphs, and as a foremost religious authority on the Qur'an and Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). Shi'a Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the first rightful caliph. Ali was the cousin of Muhammad, and after marriage to Fatimah he also became Muhammad's son-in-law. His descendants through Fatimah are revered today in Shia Islam as Imams, Sharifs or Sayyids.

The Ottomans were officially from Hanafi-Sunni branch of Islam, the names of two sons of Fatimah and Ali were inscribed inside all of their mosques. An example of this is the writings of Hasan and Husayn, two grandchildren of Muhammad by the calligrapher Kazasker Mustafa İzzed Effendi with Islamic calligraphy in Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey.

His father was Abu Talib and his mother was Fatima bint Asad, but he was raised in the household of Muhammad, who himself was raised by Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle. When Muhammad reported receiving a divine revelation, Ali was the first child to accept his message and first to convert to Islam at the age of 12, dedicating his life to the cause of Islam.[4][5][6]

In Muslim culture, Ali is respected for his courage, knowledge, belief, honesty to Islam, deep loyalty to Muhammad, equal treatment of all Muslims and generosity in forgiving his defeated enemies, and therefore is central to mystical traditions in Islam such as Sufism. Ali retains his stature as an authority on Quranic exegesis, Islamic jurisprudence and religious thought.[7] Ali holds a high position in almost all Sufi orders which trace their lineage through him to Muhammad. Ali's influence has been important throughout Islamic history.

Family tree (graphical)Edit

Kilab ibn MurrahFatimah bint Sa'd
Banu Azd
Qusai ibn KilabHubba bint Hulail
Banu Khuza'a
Abd Manaf ibn QusaiAtikah bint Murrah
Banu Hawazin
Salma bint Amr
Banu Najjar
Hashim ibn 'Abd ManafQaylah bint Amr
Banu Khuza'a
Fatimah bint Amr
Banu Makhzum
Abdul-Muttalib ibn HashimAsad ibn Hashim
Abu Talib ibn Abd al-MuttalibFatimah bint Asad
Abdullah ibn Abdul-MuttalibTalib ibn Abi TalibAqeel ibn Abi TalibFakhitah bint Abi Talib
Muhammad Ibn AbdullahJa'far ibn Abi TalibJumanah bint Abi Talib
Fatimah al-Zahra bnt MuhammadAli ibn Abi Talib

Family tree (textual)Edit

Paternal grand father: Shaiba ibn Hashim ('Abdul Muttalib ibn Hashim), see Family tree of Shaiba ibn Hashim
Paternal grand mother: Fatimah bint Amr
Father: Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
Mother: Fatima bint Asad
Brother: Ja`far ibn Abī Tālib
Nephew: Awn ibn Ja'far
Nephew: Abdullah ibn Ja'farmarried Zaynab bint Ali
Grand Nephews: Aun ibn Abdillah and Muhammad ibn Abdillahdied at the Battle of Karbala
Brother: Aqeel ibn Abi Talib
Nephew: Muslim ibn Aqeeldied before the Battle of Karbala — (kufa)
Grand Nephews: Muhammad ibn Muslim and Ibraheem ibn Muslimdied before the Battle of Karbala
Brother: Talib ibn Abu Talib
Sister: Fakhitah bint Abi Talib
Sister: Jumanah bint Abi Talib
Paternal uncle: Hamza ibn Abd al-Muttalib
Paternal uncle: Abd Allah ibn Abd al Muttalib — father of Muhammad
Paternal aunt: Aminah bint Wahb — mother of Muhammad
Cousin: Muhammad
Cousin's daughters: Fatimah, Zainab , Ruqayyah , Umm Kulthum
Cousin's sons: Qasim, Abd-Allah , Ibrahim
Mother in law(s) : Khadija through Fatimah.
Zainab through Umamah.
Brother-in-law(s): Uthman through Ruqayyah & Umm Kulthum
Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi' through Zainab
Himself: Ali

DescendantsEdit

  • Umamah. Grand daughter of Muhammad and Khadija through Zainab.
    • Hilal (? – 64 AH)[22]
    • Awn (? – 64 AH).[22]
    • Muhammad al-Awsat, "The middle Muhammad"[23]
  • Other(s):[23]
    • Umar
    • Ramlah al-Kubra, "Ramlah the Elder"
    • Umm Al-Hasan
    • Umm Hani
    • Maymūnah
    • Zainab as-Sughra, "Zainab the Younger"
    • Umm Kulthum
    • Fatimah
    • Umamah
    • Khadijah
    • Umm al-Kiram
    • Umm Salmah
    • Umm Ja'far
    • Jumanah
    • Nafeesah

Descendants (graphical)Edit

The Sayyid Aljabery family of southern Iraq are descendants of Ali from his son Imam Husayn. The Bukhari of Pakistan are Syed descendends of Ali, and includes 9 of the 12 Shia imams. The Idrisid and Alaouite dynasties of Morocco claim to be descended from Ali and Fatimah. The descendants of Ali include the Hashemite royal families of Jordan[27] "some Somali claim that they are direct descendants",[28] the Husseini family of Lebanon, the Hiraki family of Syria and Egypt, the Alaouite royal family of Morocco and the Ashrafs of the city of Harar, Mashwanis and Awans (also referred as Alvis) of Pakistan. Other prominent descendants include: Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Muhammad ibn Qasim (al-Alawi), Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq (Al-Dibaj), Yahya ibn Umar, Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hadi and Ibn Dihya al-Kalby.

Fatimah bint Muhammad (Family tree)Ali al Murtaza
ibn Abi Talib
Khawlah bint Ja'far
Hasan al-Mujtabāal-HusaynMuhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
MuhammadZaydQāsimḤasan al-Mu'thannā{{{ABB}}}Fātimah bint HasanAli Zayn
al-Abedin
AliAbu Hashim
HasanYahyaMuhammadAbd AllahTalhaHasanAbu Bakr
(Family tree)
Hasan (Alavids)MaymūnahUmm al-Husayn[29]AliMuhammad ibn Abu Bakr
Abdallah al-KāmīlDaudHasanIbrahimJā`farMuhammadHasanAl-Qasim ibn Muhammad
SulaymanAliIsmailHasanAliMuhammad al-BaqirUmm Farwah bint al-Qasim
Sulaymanids
of Yemen
and Mecca
Husayn
Sahib Fakhkh
Ibrahim
Tabataba
HasanHusayn'Umar al-AshrafZayd ibn AliJā`far al-Ṣādiq
Muhammadal-Qasim ar-RassiUbayd AllahYahyaIdris
Imams
of Yemen
Hasan al-UtrushHasanHusayn
Musa al-DjawnYahyaIbrahimIdris I of MoroccoAn-Nafs Az-ZakiyyahSulaymanJā`farIsa
IbrahimAliAbd AllahIdrisids of
Morocco
and
Hammudids
of Spain
Sharifs
of Morocco
Sulaymanids
of the Maghrib
Sharifs
of Sus
Yahya ibn Umar ibn Yahya ibn Husayn ibn Zayd al-Kūfī
Yusuf
al-Ukhaidhir
Husayn
al-Ukhaidhir
Ismāʿīl ibn Jā`farAbdullah al-AftahMusa
al-Kazim
IshakMuhammad al-Dibaj
Banu al-UkhaidhirMusaSalihSulaymanMuhammad ibn IsmāʿīlMuhammad ibn AbdullahAli
al-Rida
AhmadAli al-Uraidhi
Muhammad ibn YusufBanu Katada of Mecca & Banu FulaytaBanu Salih
of Ghana
Sulaymanid
Sharifs
Hidden Ismāʿīli ImāmsMuhammad
al-Jawad
Yusuf ibn MuhammadFatimid caliphsAli al-HadiMusa al-Mubarraqa
Ismāʿīl ibn YusufMuhammadMustaaliNizārHasan
al-Askari
MuhammadJā`far
Hassan ibn IsmāʿīlAl-Hafizal-AmirImams of AlamutMuhammad
al-Mahdi
Ahmad ibn HassanHafizisal-TayyibAgha Khans
Abu'l-Muqallid Jā`far[30]

Lineage of Husayn ibn AliEdit

This is a simplified family tree of Husayn ibn Ali. People in italics are considered by the majority of Shia and Sunni Muslims to be Ahl al-Bayt (People of the House). Twelver Shia also see the 4th to 12th Imams as Ahl al-Bayt (Ali is an imam in Mustaali but no number is assigned for this position, and Hasan ibn Ali is not an Imam in Nizari Imamah).


Muhammad
570 – 632 CE
grandfather
(family tree)
Fatimah
615 – 632 CE
mother
Muhsin ibn Ali
? – 632 CE
brother
Husayn ibn Ali
626 – 680 CE
3rd Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 2nd Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Umm Kulthum bint Ali
? – ? CE
sister
Zaynab bint Ali
626/627 – 682 CE
sister
Shahrbanu
? – 659/680 CE
wife
Layla bint Abi Murrah al-Thaqafi
wife
Umm Ishaq bint Talhah
594 – 656 CE
wife
Fatimah as-Sughra
669 – 680 CE
daughter
Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn
680 CE
son
Sukayna bint Husayn
676 – 680/681 CE
daughter
Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn
662 – 680 CE
son
Fatimah bint Husayn
daughter
Mother of ‘UmarAli ibn Husayn
659 – 713 CE
son
4th Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 3rdMustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Jayda al-SindhiUmar ibn Husayn
son
‘Umar al-AshrafMuhammad al-Baqir
677 – 733 CE
grandson
5th Twelver and 4th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Zayd ibn Ali
698 – 740 CE
grandson
5th Zaidiyyah Imāmah
Abu Bakr ibn Husayn
son
‘AlīHamidah KhatunJa'far al-Sadiq
700/702 – 765 CE
great-grandson
6th Twelver and 5th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Zaynab bint Husayn
daughter
al-ḤasanMusa al-Kadhim
745 – 799 CE
great-great-grandson
7th Twelver Imāmah
Isma'il ibn Jafar
722 – 762 CE
great-great-grandson
6th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
UnknownUmm Kulthum bint Husayn
daughter
Ummul Banīn Najmah
al-Nāṣir al-Kabīr
844 – 917 CE
Ali ar-Ridha
great-great-great-grandson
8th Twelver Imāmah
Muhammad ibn Ismail
great-great-great-grandson
7th and the last Sevener Imāmah and 7th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Fatima
SumānahUnknownAhmad al-Wafi
great-great-great-great-grandson
8th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Other issue
Ali al-Hadi
great-great-great-great-great-grandson
10th Twelver Imāmah
Other issueMuhammad at-Taqi
great-great-great-great-great-grandson
9th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Unknown
Hasan al-Askari
great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson
11th Twelver Imāmah
Rabi Abdullah
great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson
10th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Muhammad al-Mahdi
great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson
12th and final Twelver Imāmah

Lineage of Abbas ibn AliEdit

This is a simplified family tree of Abbas ibn Ali.

Ali ibn Abu TalibFāṭimah bint Ḥuzam
Lubaba bint UbaydillahAbbas ibn Ali
Ubaidullah
Al-Hassan
Hamza
Jaffar
Ali
Qasim
Tayyar
Qasim
Hamza
Yaala
Abdullah Awn (Qutb Shah)
Awans

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Assuming that Islam started with Muhammad. Muslims believe that Islam did not start with him, but that it represents even previous Prophets, such as Jesus, David, Moses, Abraham, Noah and Adam.[1][2][3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Esposito, John (1998). Islam: The Straight Path (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 9, 12. ISBN 978-0-19-511234-4.
  2. ^ Esposito (2002b), pp. 4–5.
  3. ^ Peters, F.E. (2003). Islam: A Guide for Jews and Christians. Princeton University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-691-11553-2.
  4. ^ Tabatabaei 1979, p. 191
  5. ^ Ashraf 2005, p. 14
  6. ^ Diana, Steigerwald (2004). "Alī ibn Abu Talib". Encyclopaedia of Islam and the Muslim world. 1. MacMillan. ISBN 978-0-02-865604-5.
  7. ^ Madelung 1997, p. 309 and 310
  8. ^ Books, Happy. "Family Tree of Ali ibn Abi Taalib". Happy Books. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  9. ^ Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Majalis ul-Mo'mineen. pp. 85–89.
  10. ^ al-Murtaza, Sharif. Al-Shaafi. p. 116.
  11. ^ Al-Hadid, Hibatullah. Sharh Nahj ul-Balagha. 3. p. 124.
  12. ^ Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir. Bihar al-Anwar. p. 621.
  13. ^ Ardabili, Muqaddas. Hadiqat al-Shi'a. p. 277.
  14. ^ Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Masa'ib un-Nawasib. p. 170.
  15. ^ Al-Amili, Zayn al-Din al-Juna'i. "Lawahiq-al-'Aqd". Masalik al-Ifham fi Sharh Shara-il-Islam. 1.
  16. ^ Qumi, Abbas. Muntahi al-Aamal. 1. p. 186.
  17. ^ Shahidi, Sayyed Ja'far. Life of Fatemeh Zahra(SA). pp. 263–265.
  18. ^ Baqir, Muhammad. Mir'at ul-Uqool. 21. p. 199.
  19. ^ Al-Tusi, Nasir Al-Din. Al-Mabsoot. 4. p. 272.
  20. ^ "Al-Hasan al-Muthanna".
  21. ^ The Sunshine Book, By Dr. S. Manzoor Rizvi; p323;
  22. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2011-03-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ a b c d e Harouf.com [harouf.com/SiratAhlelbeit/EmamAli1.htm harouf.com/SiratAhlelbeit/EmamAli1.htm] Check |url= value (help). Missing or empty |title= (help)
  24. ^ Hazrat Ummol Banin shia-news.com Retrieved 14 Oct 2018
  25. ^ a b Al-Tabari, pp. 178–179
  26. ^ 1-ابوبكربن علي(شهادت او مشكوك است). 2-جعفربن علي. 3-عباس بن علي(ابولفضل) 4-عبدالله بن علي. 5-عبدالله بن علي العباس بن علي. 6-عبدالله بن الاصغر. 7-عثمان بن علي. 8-عمر بن علي. 9-محمد الاصغر بن علي. 10-محمدبن العباس بن علي."
  27. ^ Family tree of King Abdullah of Jordan
  28. ^ Quote: Note 28: "Sayid Cali. Somali equivalent of the Arabic forms Sayyid Ali bin Abu Talib, the son-in-law and paternal cousin of the Phropet Muhammed. Some Somalis claim that they are direct descendants of this great warrior and poet."
    Johnson, John William (1996). Heelloy: Modern Poetry and Songs of the Somali. Indiana University Press. p. 23. ISBN 1874209812.
  29. ^ Al-Yasin, Shaykh Radi. "1". Sulh al-Hasan. Jasim al-Rasheed. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. p. 4.
  30. ^ Madelung, "Al-Ukhaydir," p. 792