Descartes, Indre-et-Loire

Descartes is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France. It is approximately 29 kilometers east of Richelieu and about 48 kilometers east of Loudun, on the banks of the Creuse River.

Descartes
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Descartes
Coat of arms
Location of Descartes
Descartes is located in France
Descartes
Descartes
Descartes is located in Centre-Val de Loire
Descartes
Descartes
Coordinates: 46°58′28″N 0°41′55″E / 46.9744°N 0.6986°E / 46.9744; 0.6986Coordinates: 46°58′28″N 0°41′55″E / 46.9744°N 0.6986°E / 46.9744; 0.6986
CountryFrance
RegionCentre-Val de Loire
DepartmentIndre-et-Loire
ArrondissementLoches
CantonDescartes
IntercommunalityCC Loches Sud Touraine
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jacques Barbier
Area
1
38.08 km2 (14.70 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01)[1]
3,489
 • Density92/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
37115 /37160
Elevation37–121 m (121–397 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

HistoryEdit

 
Liberation of Descartes (then La Haye-Descartes) in 1944

Initially called La Haye en Touraine, the town was the birthplace of the philosopher René Descartes (1596–1650), although his family home was in nearby Châtellerault. Descartes left La Haye in approximately 1606 to attend the College Henri IV at La Flèche.[2] The town was renamed La Haye-Descartes in 1802 in his honour, and then renamed again to Descartes in 1967.

PopulationEdit

See table at left.

YearPop.±%
1793997—    
1800850−14.7%
1806943+10.9%
18211,123+19.1%
18311,293+15.1%
18361,393+7.7%
18411,459+4.7%
18461,592+9.1%
18511,633+2.6%
18561,532−6.2%
18611,620+5.7%
18661,609−0.7%
18721,722+7.0%
18761,735+0.8%
18811,608−7.3%
18861,694+5.3%
18911,806+6.6%
18961,786−1.1%
19011,622−9.2%
19061,638+1.0%
19111,697+3.6%
19211,702+0.3%
19261,670−1.9%
19311,570−6.0%
19361,537−2.1%
19461,477−3.9%
19541,466−0.7%
19621,679+14.5%
19684,267+154.1%
19754,446+4.2%
19824,357−2.0%
19904,120−5.4%
19994,015−2.5%
20063,855−4.0%
20093,817−1.0%

PersonalitiesEdit

The town is notable in Acadian genealogy as the birthplace of the Heberts.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Editor's Preface" in Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy (Hackett: 1998)