Open main menu

Dermatan sulfate is a glycosaminoglycan (formerly called a mucopolysaccharide) found mostly in skin, but also in blood vessels, heart valves, tendons, and lungs.

Dermatan sulfate
Dermatan sulfate.PNG
Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.comInternational Drug Names
ATC code
Identifiers
CAS Number
ChemSpider
  • none
ChEMBL
ECHA InfoCard100.042.305 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC14H21NO15S
Molar mass475.37 g·mol−1
 ☒N☑Y (what is this?)  (verify)

It is also referred to as chondroitin sulfate B, [1] although it is no longer classified as a form of chondroitin sulfate by most sources. The formula is C14H21NO15S.

Contents

FunctionEdit

Dermatan sulfate may have roles in coagulation, cardiovascular disease, carcinogenesis, infection, wound repair, maintains the shape of galactosamine 4-sulfate skin and fibrosis.[2]

PathologyEdit

Dermatan sulfate accumulates abnormally in several of the mucopolysaccharidosis disorders.

An excess of dermatan sulfate in the mitral valve is characteristic of myxomatous degeneration of the leaflets leading to redundancy of valve tissue and ultimately, mitral valve prolapse (into the left atrium) and insufficiency. This chronic prolapse occurs mainly in women over the age of 60, and can predispose the patient to mitral annular calcification. Mitral valve insufficiency can lead to eccentric (volume dependent or dilated) hypertrophy and eventually left heart failure if untreated.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Trowbridge, JM; Gallo, RL (September 2002). "Dermatan sulfate: new functions from an old glycosaminoglycan". Glycobiology. 12 (9): 117R–25R. doi:10.1093/glycob/cwf066. PMID 12213784.
  2. ^ Janet M. Trowbridge and Richard L. Gallo (2002). "Dermatan sulfate: new functions from an old glycosaminoglycan". Glycobiology. 12 (9): 117R–125R. doi:10.1093/glycob/cwf066. PMID 12213784.

External linksEdit