Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
The Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia (Malay: Timbalan Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the second highest political office in Malaysia. There have been eleven deputy prime ministers since the office was created in 1957. The first Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman, started the convention of appointing a Deputy Prime Minister.
|Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
Timbalan Perdana Menteri Malaysia
|Deputy Prime Minister's Office|
|Style||Yang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)|
|Seat||Perdana Putra, Putrajaya|
|Appointer||Yang di-Pertuan Agong|
|Term length||At His Majesty's or Prime Minister's pleasure|
|Inaugural holder||Tun Abdul Razak|
|Formation||31 August 1957|
The current Deputy Prime Minister is Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, who took office on 29 July 2015.
The official residence for Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia is Sri Satria in Putrajaya. Before Sri Satria, the first Deputy Prime Minister official residence is Seri Taman.
Deputy Prime Minister appointmentEdit
Although Malaysia has always had a Deputy Prime Minister since independence, a Prime Minister may choose not to appoint a Deputy Prime Minister. The office of Deputy Prime Minister is not provided for in the Constitution of Malaysia. At the same time, a Prime Minister could appoint more than one Deputy Prime Minister, as has occurred before in Singapore.
By the past practice of the component parties of Barisan Nasional (the ruling coalition) of which the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) is the unofficial leader, the UMNO Deputy President is appointed Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia by the Prime Minister of Malaysia (who is the UMNO President). In the organisational structure of Barisan Nasional, the President and Deputy President of UMNO are automatically made the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of Barisan Nasional. This position, currently however, were filled by Dato' Seri Dr. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, a Vice-President of UMNO. This is the second time the position were filled by a non-Deputy President of UMNO, the first time was when Tun Ghafar Baba held the office for a year as a Vice-President of UMNO (1986–1987).
Deaths, resignations and removals from officeEdit
Of the ten previous officeholders, five have gone on to become prime minister. Of the remaining, one died in office, two resigned, and two were removed from office by the sitting prime minister.
Ismail Abdul Rahman died in office due to massive heart attack in 1973. Musa Hitam resigned from second Mahathir cabinet over differences with Prime Minister over government policy in 1986. Ghafar Baba resigned from his portfolio following UMNO grassroots lost confidence in his leadership and his position as Deputy President of UMNO was challenged by Anwar Ibrahim in the UMNO's top leadership election. Anwar Ibrahim was the first deputy prime minister to be sacked after being accused and subsequently charged with corruption and sodomy in 1998. Muhyiddin Yassin was the second DPM to be removed from office after being dropped from the Cabinet by Prime Minister Najib Razak in a reshuffle in 2015.
List of Deputy Prime Ministers of MalaysiaEdit
|Political party||Term of office||Prime Minister|
|Abdul Razak Hussein
|Alliance Party (UMNO)||31 August 1957||22 September 1970||Tunku Abdul Rahman|
|Ismail Abdul Rahman
|Alliance Party (UMNO)||22 September 1970||2 August 1973||Abdul Razak Hussein|
|Vacant||2 August 1973||13 August 1973|
|Alliance Party (UMNO)||13 August 1973||15 January 1976|
|Vacant||15 January 1976||5 March 1976||Hussein Onn|
|BN (UMNO)||5 March 1976||16 July 1981|
|Vacant||16 July 1981||18 July 1981||Mahathir Mohamad|
|BN (UMNO)||18 July 1981||16 March 1986|
|Vacant||16 March 1986||10 May 1986|
|Abdul Ghafar Baba
|BN (UMNO)||10 May 1986||15 October 1993|
|Vacant||15 October 1993||1 December 1993|
|BN (UMNO)||1 December 1993||2 September 1998|
|Vacant||2 September 1998||8 January 1999|
|Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
|BN (UMNO)||8 January 1999||31 October 2003|
|Vacant||31 October 2003||7 January 2004||Abdullah Ahmad Badawi|
|BN (UMNO)||7 January 2004||3 April 2009|
|Vacant||3 April 2009||10 April 2009||Najib Razak|
|BN (UMNO)||10 April 2009||29 July 2015|
|Ahmad Zahid Hamidi
|BN (UMNO)||29 July 2015||Incumbent|
Living former deputy prime ministersEdit
Below are the living former deputy prime minister(s) who did not hold the position of prime minister.
- "CPPS Policy Factsheet: Remuneration of Elected Officials in Malaysia" (PDF). Centre for Public Policy Studies. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- "Muhyiddin terima penggugurannya dengan hati terbuka" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 28 July 2015. Retrieved 11 May 2016.