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Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia

The Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia (Malay: Timbalan Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the second highest political office in Malaysia. There have been eleven deputy prime ministers since the office was created in 1957. The first Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman, started the convention of appointing a Deputy Prime Minister.

Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
Timbalan Perdana Menteri Malaysia
Ahmad Zahid Hamidi

since 29 July 2015
Deputy Prime Minister's Office
Style Yang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)
Member of Cabinet
Reports to Parliament
Residence Seri Satria
Seat Perdana Putra, Putrajaya
Nominator Prime Minister
Appointer Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Term length At His Majesty's or Prime Minister's pleasure
Inaugural holder Tun Abdul Razak
Formation 31 August 1957; 60 years ago (1957-08-31)
Salary MYR18,168.15 monthly[1]

The current Deputy Prime Minister is Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, who took office on 29 July 2015.


Official residenceEdit

The official residence for Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia is Sri Satria in Putrajaya. Before Sri Satria, the first Deputy Prime Minister official residence is Seri Taman.

Deputy Prime Minister appointmentEdit

Although Malaysia has always had a Deputy Prime Minister since independence, a Prime Minister may choose not to appoint a Deputy Prime Minister. The office of Deputy Prime Minister is not provided for in the Constitution of Malaysia. At the same time, a Prime Minister could appoint more than one Deputy Prime Minister, as has occurred before in Singapore.

By the past practice of the component parties of Barisan Nasional (the ruling coalition) of which the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) is the unofficial leader, the UMNO Deputy President is appointed Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia by the Prime Minister of Malaysia (who is the UMNO President). In the organisational structure of Barisan Nasional, the President and Deputy President of UMNO are automatically made the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of Barisan Nasional. This position, currently however, were filled by Dato' Seri Dr. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, a Vice-President of UMNO. This is the second time the position were filled by a non-Deputy President of UMNO, the first time was when Tun Ghafar Baba held the office for a year as a Vice-President of UMNO (1986–1987).

Deaths, resignations and removals from officeEdit

Of the ten previous officeholders, five have gone on to become prime minister. Of the remaining, one died in office, two resigned, and two were removed from office by the sitting prime minister.

Ismail Abdul Rahman died in office due to massive heart attack in 1973. Musa Hitam resigned from second Mahathir cabinet over differences with Prime Minister over government policy in 1986. Ghafar Baba resigned from his portfolio following UMNO grassroots lost confidence in his leadership and his position as Deputy President of UMNO was challenged by Anwar Ibrahim in the UMNO's top leadership election. Anwar Ibrahim was the first deputy prime minister to be sacked after being accused and subsequently charged with corruption and sodomy in 1998. Muhyiddin Yassin was the second DPM to be removed from office after being dropped from the Cabinet by Prime Minister Najib Razak in a reshuffle in 2015.[2]

List of Deputy Prime Ministers of MalaysiaEdit

Colour key (for political parties):
  Alliance Party   Barisan Nasional

Portrait Name
Political party Term of office Prime Minister
  Abdul Razak Hussein
Alliance Party (UMNO) 31 August 1957 22 September 1970 Tunku Abdul Rahman
  Ismail Abdul Rahman
Alliance Party (UMNO) 22 September 1970 2 August 1973 Abdul Razak Hussein
Vacant 2 August 1973 13 August 1973
  Hussein Onn
Alliance Party (UMNO) 13 August 1973 15 January 1976
Vacant 15 January 1976 5 March 1976 Hussein Onn
  Mahathir Mohamad
(b. 1925)
BN (UMNO) 5 March 1976 16 July 1981
Vacant 16 July 1981 18 July 1981 Mahathir Mohamad
Musa Hitam
(b. 1934)
BN (UMNO) 18 July 1981 16 March 1986
Vacant 16 March 1986 10 May 1986
  Abdul Ghafar Baba
BN (UMNO) 10 May 1986 15 October 1993
Vacant 15 October 1993 1 December 1993
  Anwar Ibrahim
(b. 1947)
BN (UMNO) 1 December 1993 2 September 1998
Vacant 2 September 1998 8 January 1999
  Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
(b. 1939)
BN (UMNO) 8 January 1999 31 October 2003
Vacant 31 October 2003 7 January 2004 Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
  Najib Razak
(b. 1953)
BN (UMNO) 7 January 2004 3 April 2009
Vacant 3 April 2009 10 April 2009 Najib Razak
  Muhyiddin Yassin
(b. 1947)
BN (UMNO) 10 April 2009 29 July 2015
  Ahmad Zahid Hamidi
(b. 1953)
BN (UMNO) 29 July 2015 Incumbent

Living former deputy prime ministersEdit

Below are the living former deputy prime minister(s) who did not hold the position of prime minister.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "CPPS Policy Factsheet: Remuneration of Elected Officials in Malaysia" (PDF). Centre for Public Policy Studies. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 11 May 2016. 
  2. ^ "Muhyiddin terima penggugurannya dengan hati terbuka" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 28 July 2015. Retrieved 11 May 2016. 

External linksEdit