Deputy Prime Minister of Japan

The Deputy Prime Minister of Japan (副総理, Fuku-sōri) is the second highest ranking officer of the executive branch of the government of Japan after the Prime Minister of Japan, and ranks first in the line of succession to the Acting Prime Minister. The office of the Deputy Prime Minister is not a permanent position, and exists only at the discretion of the Prime Minister.

Deputy Prime Minister
副総理
Goshichi no kiri.svg
Emblem of the Government of Japan
Incumbent
Vacant

since 4 October 2021
StyleMr. Deputy Prime Minister
Member ofCabinet
National Security Council
AppointerThe Prime Minister
attested to by the Emperor
Term lengthNo fixed term
Inaugural holderKijūrō Shidehara
Formation3 May 1947
SuccessionFirst
Salary¥20,916,000

The Deputy Prime Minister is appointed by the Prime Minister and must be a member of the cabinet, for instance Taro Aso served as Minister of Finance concurrently. Unlike the Vice President of the United States, the Deputy Prime Minister does not automatically become the Prime Minister, should the latter be incapacitated or resign, but instead exercises the duties of the Prime Minister until the National Diet elects a successor. However, when Prime Minister Tanzan Ishibashi resigned in 1957, then Minister for Foreign Affairs and Deputy Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi (grandfather of Shinzo Abe and Nobuo Kishi) took the office of Acting Prime Minister, and was officially elected by the National Diet a month later. Tarō Asō was the longest serving Deputy Prime Minister.

This position is currently vacant since 4 October 2021.

List of deputy prime ministers of JapanEdit

Color key (for political party)
  Japan Progressive

  Japan Liberal - Democratic Liberal - Liberal
  Democratic - Japan Democratic


  Liberal Democratic
  Renewal
  Japan New
  Democratic
  Socialist

Deputy Prime Minister Term of office Prime Minister
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
  Kijūrō Shidehara
幣原 喜重郎
Shidehara Kijūrō
(1872–1951)
3 May 1947 24 May 1947 21 Shigeru Yoshida
Office not in use 1947 8 Tetsu Katayama
  Hitoshi Ashida
芦田 均
Ashida Hitoshi
(1887–1959)
1 June 1947 10 March 1948 283
  Suehiro Nishio
西尾 末広
Nishio Suehiro
(1891–1981)
10 March 1948 6 July 1948 118 Hitoshi Ashida
Office not in use 1948 87
  Jōji Hayashi [jp]
林 譲治
Hayashi Jōji
(1889–1960)
19 October 1948 13 March 1951 875 Shigeru Yoshida
Office not in use 1951–1952 626
  Taketora Ogata
緒方 竹虎
Ogata Taketora
(1888–1956)
28 November 1952 10 December 1954 742
  Mamoru Shigemitsu
重光 葵
Shigemitsu Mamoru
(1887–1957)
10 December 1954 23 December 1956 744 Ichirō Hatoyama
Office not in use 1956–1957 148 Tanzan Ishibashi
  Mitsujirō Ishii [jp]
石井 光次郎
Ishii Mitsujirō
(1889–1981)
20 May 1957 12 June 1958 388 Nobusuke Kishi
Office not in use 1958–1959 371
  Shūji Masutani [jp]
益谷 秀次
Masutani Shūji
(1888–1978)
18 June 1959 19 July 1960 397
Office not in use 1960–1972 4424 Hayato Ikeda
Eisaku Satō
 
  Takeo Miki
三木 武夫
Miki Takeo
(1907–1988)
29 August 1972 12 July 1974 682 Kakuei Tanaka
Office not in use 1974 150
  Takeo Fukuda
福田 赳夫
Fukuda Takeo
(1905–1995)
9 December 1974 6 November 1976 698 Takeo Miki
Office not in use 1976–1980 1313  
Takeo Fukuda
 
  Masayoshi Ito
伊東 正義
Itō Masayoshi
(1913–1994)
11 June 1980 17 July 1980 36 Masayoshi Ōhira
Office not in use 1980–1986 2196 Zenkō Suzuki
 
  Shin Kanemaru
金丸 信
Kanemaru Shin
(1914–1996)
22 July 1986 6 November 1987 472 Yasuhiro Nakasone
  Kiichi Miyazawa
宮澤 喜一
Miyazawa Kiichi
(1919–2007)
6 November 1987 9 December 1988 399 Noboru Takeshita
Office not in use 1988–1991 1061  
Sōsuke Uno
Toshiki Kaifu
  Michio Watanabe
渡辺 美智雄
Watanabe Michio
(1923–1995)
5 November 1991 7 April 1993 519 Kiichi Miyazawa
  Masaharu Gotōda
後藤田 正晴
Gotōda Masaharu
(1914–2005)
8 April 1993 9 August 1993 123
  Tsutomu Hata
羽田 孜
Hata Tsutomu
(1935–2017)
9 August 1993 28 April 1994 262 Morihiro Hosokawa
Office not in use 1994 63 Tsutomu Hata
  Yōhei Kōno
河野 洋平
Kōno Yōhei
(1937–)
30 June 1994 2 October 1995 459 Tomiichi Murayama
  Ryutaro Hashimoto
橋本 龍太郎
Hashimoto Ryūtarō
(1937–2006)
2 October 1995 11 January 1996 101
  Wataru Kubo
久保 亘
Kubo Wataru
(1929–2004)
11 January 1996 7 November 1996 301 Ryutaro Hashimoto
Office not in use 1996–2009 4696  
Keizō Obuchi
Yoshirō Mori
Junichiro Koizumi
Shinzō Abe
Yasuo Fukuda
Tarō Asō
  Naoto Kan
菅 直人
Kan Naoto
(1946–)
16 September 2009 8 June 2010 265 Yukio Hatoyama
Office not in use 2010–2012 584 Naoto Kan
 
  Katsuya Okada
岡田 克也
Okada Katsuya
(1953–)
13 January 2012 26 December 2012 348 Yoshihiko Noda
  Tarō Asō
麻生 太郎
Asō Tarō
(1940–)
26 December 2012 4 October 2021 3204 Shinzō Abe
Yoshihide Suga
Office not in use 4 October 2021–present 61 Fumio Kishida

ReferencesEdit

  • Kenkyusha's New Japanese-English Dictionary, Kenkyusha Limited, Tokyo 1991, ISBN 4-7674-2015-6