Deputy Leader of the New Zealand Labour Party
The Deputy Leader of the Labour Party is the second-most senior politician within the Labour Party in New Zealand. The officeholder deputises for the Leader of the Labour Party at party-specific events. Unlike other political party leaders, the Labour Party's Leader does not have the power to dismiss or appoint their Deputy; both the Leader and Deputy Leader are elected. In all cases where the leadership is vacant, the Deputy Leader shall also serve as Acting Leader until a new leadership election. When the Labour Party forms the Official Opposition the Deputy Leader typically serves as Deputy Leader of the Opposition. When Labour forms the government the deputy leader is automatically given a seat in cabinet.
|Deputy Leader of the Labour Party|
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Inaugural holder||James McCombs|
|Formation||27 August 1919|
The position of Deputy Leader of the Labour Party was created in 1919, three years after the party's creation. The first holder, James McCombs, was bestowed the role after he lost the draw of lots to Harry Holland in the leadership election that year. It was not until 1974 that the first deputy to have been born in New Zealand, Bob Tizard. Prior to this, three deputy leaders had been born in Australia, two in England and one each in Ireland and Scotland. The Labour Party's longest-serving deputy leader, having served for 11 years, 4 months and 12 days between 1963 and 1974, was Hugh Watt.
To date, a total of seven Deputy Leaders have gone on to become the elected leader of the Labour Party (Savage, Fraser, Nash, Lange, Palmer and Clark). Two Deputy Leaders have died in office (Skinner and Hackett).
List of deputy leadersEdit
The following is a complete list of Labour Party deputy leaders. Some deputies served concurrently as acting party leader.
|Portrait||Electorate||Term of Office||Leader|
|Lyttelton||27 August 1919||February 1923||Holland|
|2||Michael Joseph Savage
|Auckland West||February 1923||12 October 1933|
|Wellington Central||12 October 1933||1 April 1940||Savage|
|Hutt||1 April 1940||17 January 1951||Fraser|
|Buller||17 January 1951||26 April 1962†||Nash|
|Grey Lynn||7 June 1962||19 March 1963†|
|Onehunga||29 April 1963||6 September 1974||Nordmeyer|
|Otahuhu||10 September 1974||1 November 1979||Rowling|
|Mangere||1 November 1979||3 February 1983|
|Christchurch Central||3 February 1983||8 August 1989||Lange|
|Mount Albert||8 August 1989||1 December 1993||Palmer|
|St Albans||1 December 1993||12 October 1996||Clark|
|Dunedin South||12 October 1996||19 November 2008|
|Rongotai||19 November 2008||13 December 2011||Goff|
|Wellington Central||13 December 2011||15 September 2013||Shearer|
|List||15 September 2013||18 November 2014||Cunliffe|
|Rongotai||18 November 2014||7 March 2017||Little|
|Mount Albert||7 March 2017||1 August 2017|
|Te Tai Tokerau||1 August 2017||incumbent||Ardern|
Living former deputy leadersEdit
|Leader||Term of office||Date of birth|
|Sir Geoffrey Palmer||1983–1989||21 April 1942|
|Helen Clark||1989–1993||26 February 1950|
|David Caygill||1993–1996||15 November 1948|
|Sir Michael Cullen||1996–2008||5 February 1945|
|Dame Annette King||2008–2011||13 September 1947|
|Grant Robertson||2011–2013||30 October 1971|
|David Parker||2013–2014||1960 (age 59–60)|
|Jacinda Ardern||2017||26 July 1980|
- "Constitution and Rules" (PDF). New Zealand Labour Party. 2016.
- Collins, Mikaela; de Graaf, Peter (2 August 2017). "Te Tai Tokerau's Kelvin Davis made deputy Labour leader". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
- Garner, Jean. "McCombs, James". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
- "Former deputy Prime Minister Bob Tizard dies age 91". The New Zealand Herald. 28 January 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016.