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United States Assistant Secretary of State

  (Redirected from Deputy Assistant Secretary of State)

Assistant Secretary of State (A/S) is a title used for many executive positions in the United States Department of State, ranking below the Under Secretaries.[1] A set of six Assistant Secretaries reporting to the Under Secretary for Political Affairs manage diplomatic missions within their designated geographic regions, plus one Assistant Secretary dealing with international organizations. Assistant Secretaries usually manage individual bureaus of the Department of State. When the manager of a bureau or another agency holds a title other than Assistant Secretary, such as "Director," it can be said to be of "Assistant Secretary equivalent rank." Assistant Secretaries typically have a set of deputies, referred to as Deputy Assistant Secretaries (DAS).

From 1853 until 1913, the Assistant Secretary of State was the second-ranking official within the U.S. Department of State. Prior to 1853, the Chief Clerk was the second-ranking officer, and after 1913, the Counselor was the second-ranking position, though the Assistant Secretary continued to be a position until 1924. From 1867, the Assistant Secretary of State was assisted by a Second Assistant Secretary of State, and from 1875, by a Third Assistant Secretary of State. Specific duties of the incumbents varied over the years and included such responsibilities as supervising the Diplomatic and Consular Bureaus, general supervision of correspondence, consular appointments, administration of the Department, and supervision of economic matters and various geographic divisions.

Today, the title of the second-ranking position is the Deputy Secretary of State, with the next tier of State Department officials bearing the rank of Under Secretary of State.

The following is a list of current offices bearing the title of "Assistant Secretary of State":

The following roles also possess a rank equivalent to Assistant Secretary:[2][3][4]

Contents

Current Assistant Secretaries of StateEdit

Office Incumbent Term began

Reporting to the Under Secretary of State for Political AffairsEdit

 
Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs
1 FAM 121
Vacant
 
Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs
1 FAM 131
 
March 8, 2017
Acting
 
Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs
1 FAM 141
 
October 12, 2017
 
Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs
1 FAM 161
 
September 5, 2017
Acting
 
Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs
1 FAM 171
Vacant
 
Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs
1 FAM 151
 
January 20, 2017
Acting
 
Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs
1 FAM 331
 
December 12, 2017
Acting

Reporting to the Under Secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and the EnvironmentEdit

 
Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs
1 FAM 421
 
November 2017
 
Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
1 FAM 541
 
April 28, 2014
Acting
 
Assistant Secretary of State for Energy Resources
1 FAM 461

May 29, 2018

Reporting to the Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International SecurityEdit

 
Assistant Secretary of State for Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance
1 FAM 441
 
January 20, 2017
Acting
 
Assistant Secretary of State for International Security and Nonproliferation
1 FAM 451
 
January 9, 2018
 
Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs
1 FAM 411
 
February 22, 2016
Acting

Reporting to the Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public AffairsEdit

 
Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs
1 FAM 321
 
February 3, 2018
 
Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs
1 FAM 341
 
March 30, 2018
 
Coordinator for International Information Programs
1 FAM 353
 
January 20, 2017
Acting

Reporting to the Under Secretary of State for ManagementEdit

 
Assistant Secretary of State for Administration
1 FAM 211

January 27, 2017
Acting
 
Assistant Secretary of State for Consular Affairs
1 FAM 251
 
August 11, 2017
 
Assistant Secretary of State for Diplomatic Security
1 FAM 261
 
November 2017
 
Director General of the Foreign Service
1 FAM 231
 
June 12, 2017
Acting
 
Director of the Foreign Service Institute
1 FAM 291
 
June 30, 2017
Acting

Reporting to the Under Secretary of State for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human RightsEdit

 
Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor
1 FAM 511
Vacant[5]
 
Assistant Secretary of State for Population, Refugees, and Migration
1 FAM 521
 
January 20, 2017
Acting
 
Assistant Secretary of State for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
1 FAM 531
 
January 10, 2011
 
Assistant Secretary of State for Conflict and Stabilization Operations
1 FAM 471
 
February 2, 2017
Acting
 
Coordinator for Counterterrorism
1 FAM 481
 
August 10, 2017

Reporting directly to the Secretary of StateEdit

 
Assistant Secretary of State for Legislative Affairs
1 FAM 311

December 20, 2017
 
Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research
1 FAM 431
 
February 14, 2014

List of Assistant Secretaries of State, 1853–1937Edit

# Picture Name State of Residency Term of Office President(s) served under Secretary of State(s) served under
1 Ambrose Dudley Mann Virginia March 23, 1853 - May 8, 1855 Franklin Pierce William L. Marcy
2 William Hunter[6] Rhode Island May 9, 1855 - October 31, 1855 Franklin Pierce William L. Marcy
3 John Addison Thomas New York November 1, 1855 - April 3, 1857 Franklin Pierce
James Buchanan
William L. Marcy
Lewis Cass
4   John Appleton Maine April 4, 1857 - June 10, 1860 James Buchanan Lewis Cass
5   William H. Trescot South Carolina June 8, 1860 - December 20, 1860 James Buchanan Lewis Cass
Jeremiah S. Black
6   Frederick W. Seward New York March 6, 1861 - March 4, 1869 Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
William H. Seward
7   J.C. Bancroft Davis New York March 25, 1869 - November 13, 1871 Ulysses S. Grant Hamilton Fish
8   Charles Hale Massachusetts February 19, 1872 - January 24, 1873 Ulysses S. Grant Hamilton Fish
9   J.C. Bancroft Davis New York January 24, 1873 - January 30, 1874 Ulysses S. Grant Hamilton Fish
10   John Lambert Cadwalader New York June 17, 1874 – March 20, 1877 Ulysses S. Grant
Rutherford B. Hayes
Hamilton Fish
William M. Evarts
11   Frederick W. Seward New York March 16, 1877 - October 31, 1879 Rutherford B. Hayes William M. Evarts
12   John Hay Ohio November 1, 1879 - May 3, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
James A. Garfield
William M. Evarts
James G. Blaine
13   Robert R. Hitt Illinois May 4, 1881 - December 19, 1881 James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
James G. Blaine
14   J.C. Bancroft Davis New York December 19, 1881 - July 7, 1882 Chester A. Arthur Frederick T. Frelinghuysen
15 John Davis Washington DC July 7, 1882 - February 23, 1885 Chester A. Arthur Frederick T. Frelinghuysen
16 James D. Porter Tennessee March 20, 1885 - September 17, 1887 Grover Cleveland Thomas F. Bayard
17 George L. Rives New York November 19, 1887 - March 5, 1889 Grover Cleveland Thomas F. Bayard
18 William F. Wharton[7] Massachusetts April 2, 1889 - March 20, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
Grover Cleveland
James G. Blaine
John W. Foster
Walter Q. Gresham
19 Josiah Quincy Massachusetts March 20, 1893 - September 22, 1893 Grover Cleveland Walter Q. Gresham
20   Edwin F. Uhl[7] Michigan November 1, 1893 - February 11, 1896 Grover Cleveland Walter Q. Gresham
Richard Olney
21   William Woodville Rockhill Maryland February 11, 1896 - May 10, 1897 Grover Cleveland
William McKinley
Richard Olney
John Sherman
22   William R. Day Ohio May 3, 1897 - April 27, 1898 William McKinley John Sherman
23   John B. Moore New York April 27, 1898 - September 16, 1898 William McKinley William R. Day
24   David J. Hill New York October 25, 1898 - January 28, 1903 William McKinley
Theodore Roosevelt
John Hay
25   Francis B. Loomis[7] Ohio January 7, 1903 - October 10, 1905 Theodore Roosevelt John Hay
Elihu Root
26   Robert Bacon New York September 5, 1905 - January 27, 1909 Theodore Roosevelt Elihu Root
27 John Callan O'Laughlin Washington DC January 27, 1909 - March 5, 1909 Theodore Roosevelt Robert Bacon
28 Huntington Wilson Illinois March 5, 1909 - March 19, 1913 William Howard Taft
Woodrow Wilson
Philander C. Knox
William Jennings Bryan
29   John E. Osborne Wyoming April 21, 1913 - December 14, 1916 Thomas Woodrow Wilson William Jennings Bryan
Robert Lansing
30   William Phillips Massachusetts January 24, 1917 - March 25, 1920 Thomas Woodrow Wilson Robert Lansing
Bainbridge Colby
31   Fred Morris Dearing Missouri March 11, 1921 - February 28, 1922 Warren G. Harding Charles Evans Hughes
32   Leland B. Harrison Illinois March 31, 1922 - June 30, 1924 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Charles Evans Hughes
32   Wilbur J. Carr Ohio July 1, 1924 – July 28, 1937 Calvin Coolidge
Herbert Hoover
Franklin Roosevelt
Charles Evans Hughes
Frank B. Kellogg
Henry L. Stimson
Cordell Hull

Second Assistant Secretary of StateEdit

The Consular and Diplomatic Appropriations Act for the year ending June 30, 1867 authorized the President to appoint a Second Assistant Secretary of State. Duties of incumbents varied less over the years than did those of the other Assistant Secretary positions. Responsibilities included: supervision of correspondence with diplomatic officers; preparation of drafts of treaties, conventions, diplomatic notes, and instructions; detailed treatment of current diplomatic and political questions; approval of correspondence for the signature of the Secretary or Acting Secretary; and consultation on matters of diplomatic procedure, international law and policy, and traditional practices of the Department. The Foreign Service Act of 1924 abolished numerical titles for Assistant Secretaries of State. Only two people held the position from 1866 to 1924.

# Picture Name State of Residency Term of Office President(s) served under Secretary of State(s) served under
1 William Hunter Rhode Island July 27, 1866 - July 22, 1886 Andrew Johnson
Ulysses S. Grant
Rutherford B. Hayes
James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
Grover Cleveland
William H. Seward
Elihu Benjamin Washburne
Hamilton Fish
William Maxwell Evarts
James Gillespie Blaine
Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen
Thomas F. Bayard, Sr.
2   Alvey A. Adee District of Columbia August 3, 1886 - June 30, 1924 Grover Cleveland
Benjamin Harrison
William McKinley
Theodore Roosevelt
William Howard Taft
Thomas Woodrow Wilson
Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Thomas F. Bayard, Sr.
James Gillespie Blaine
John Watson Foster
Walter Quintin Gresham
Richard Olney
John Sherman
William Rufus Day
John Milton Hay
Elihu Root
Robert Bacon
Philander Chase Knox
William Jennings Bryan
Robert Lansing
Bainbridge Colby
Charles Evans Hughes

Third Assistant Secretary of StateEdit

A Federal appropriations act for the year ending Jun 30, 1875 (Jun 20, 1874; 18 Stat. 90), authorized the President to appoint a Third Assistant Secretary of State. The Secretary of State was authorized to prescribe the duties of the Assistant Secretaries and other Department of State employees, "and may make changes and transfers therein when, in his judgment, it becomes necessary." The Third Assistant Secretary's duties varied over the years, including such diverse assignments as: supervision of several geographic divisions; oversight of the Bureaus of Accounts and Appointments; international conferences and commissions; and ceremonials and protocol, including presentation to the President of chiefs of foreign diplomatic missions. The Foreign Service Act of 1924 (May 24, 1924; 43 Stat 146) abolished numerical titles for Assistant Secretaries of State.

# Picture Name State of Residency Term of Office President(s) served under Secretary of State(s) served under
1   John Allen Campbell Wyoming February 24, 1875 - November 30, 1877 Ulysses S. Grant
Rutherford B. Hayes
Hamilton Fish
William M. Evarts
2 Charles Payson Massachusetts, New York June 22, 1878 - June 30, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
James A. Garfield
William M. Evarts
James G. Blaine
3 Walker Blaine Maine July 1, 1881 - June 30, 1882 James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
James G. Blaine
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen
4   Alvey A. Adee District of Columbia July 18, 1882 - August 5, 1886 Chester A. Arthur
Grover Cleveland
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen
Thomas F. Bayard, Sr.
5   John Bassett Moore Delaware, New York August 6, 1886 - September 30, 1891 Grover Cleveland
Benjamin Harrison
Thomas F. Bayard, Sr.
James G. Blaine
6 William Morton Grinnell New York February 15, 1892 - April 16, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
Grover Cleveland
James G. Blaine
John W. Foster
7 Edward Henry Strobel New York April 17, 1893 - April 16, 1894 Grover Cleveland Walter Q. Gresham
8   William Woodville Rockhill District of Columbia, Maryland April 17, 1894 - February 13, 1896 Grover Cleveland Walter Q. Gresham
Richard Olney
9 William Woodward Baldwin New York February 29, 1896 - April 1, 1897 Grover Cleveland, William McKinley Richard Olney
John Sherman
10   Thomas Wilbur Cridler West Virginia April 8, 1897 - November 15, 1901 William McKinley John Sherman
William R. Day
John Hay
11 Herbert Henry Davis Peirce Massachusetts November 16, 1901 - June 22, 1906 Theodore Roosevelt John Hay
Elihu Root
12 Huntington Wilson Illinois July 2, 1906 - December 30, 1908 Theodore Roosevelt Elihu Root
13   William Phillips Massachusetts January 11, 1909 - October 13, 1909 Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft Elihu Root
Robert Bacon
Philander C. Knox
14   Chandler Hale Maine October 14, 1909 - April 21, 1913 William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson Philander C. Knox
William Jennings Bryan
15   Dudley Field Malone New York April 22, 1913 - November 22, 1913 Woodrow Wilson William Jennings Bryan
16   William Phillips Massachusetts March 17, 1914 - January 24, 1917 Woodrow Wilson William Jennings Bryan
Robert Lansing
17   Breckinridge Long Massachusetts January 29, 1917 - June 8, 1920 Woodrow Wilson Robert Lansing
Bainbridge Colby
18 Van Santvoord Merle-Smith New York June 24, 1920 - March 4, 1921 Woodrow Wilson Bainbridge Colby
19 Robert Woods Bliss New York March 16, 1921 - May 3, 1923 Warren G. Harding Charles Evans Hughes
20   J. Butler Wright Wyoming June 11, 1923 - June 30, 1924 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Charles Evans Hughes

Defunct offices including the designation of Assistant Secretary of StateEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Assistant Secretaries and Other Senior Officials". U.S. Department of State. January 26, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Assistant Secretaries and Equivalent Rank". U.S. Department of State. January 20, 2009. Retrieved April 4, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Department Organization Chart". U.S. Department of State. March 2014. Retrieved April 4, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Career vs. Other Appointments: Assistant Secretary Equivalents". American Foreign Service Association. November 16, 2017. Retrieved December 13, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Leadership". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  6. ^ Served as Acting Secretary of State, but not during term as Assistant Secretary of State.
  7. ^ a b c Served as Acting Secretary of State

External linksEdit