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A dependant (British English) or dependent (American English) is a person who relies on another as a primary source of income. For example, minors (children who are under the age of majority) are dependants of their parents or legal guardians. A common-law spouse who is financially supported by their partner may also be included in this definition.[1] In some jurisdictions, supporting a dependant may enable the provider to claim a tax deduction.

In the United Kingdom, a full-time student in higher education who financially supports another adult may qualify for an Adult Dependant's Grant.[2]


In the US, a taxpayer may claim exemptions for their dependants.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "SE71308 - Tax treatment of Working Rule agreements: lodging allowances - definition of "dependant"". HM Revenue and Customs. Archived from the original on 12 May 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  2. ^ "Adult Dependants' Grant". HM Government. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  3. ^