Ayacucho (Spanish pronunciation: [aʝaˈkutʃo] (listen)) is a department and region of Peru, located in the south-central Andes of the country. Its capital is the city of Ayacucho. The region was one of the hardest hit in the 1980s during the guerrilla war waged by Shining Path known as the internal conflict in Peru.
Department of Ayacucho
|Subdivisions||11 provinces and 111 districts|
|• Governor||Carlos Rua Carbajal |
|• Total||43,814.8 km2 (16,917.0 sq mi)|
|2,746 m (9,009 ft)|
|Highest elevation||5,505 m (18,061 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||1,800 m (5,900 ft)|
|• Density||14/km2 (36/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||PE-AYA|
|Principal resources||Potatoes, wheat, olluco, barley, sheep and handicrafts.|
|Percentage of Peru's GDP||0.65%|
A referendum was held on 30 October 2005, in order to decide whether the department would merge with the departments of Ica and Huancavelica to form the new Ica-Ayacucho-Huancavelica Region, as part of the decentralization process in Peru. The proposal failed and no merger was carried out.
The department is divided into 11 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular: provincia), which are composed of 111 districts (distritos, singular: distrito).
The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:
According to the 2007 Peru Census, the language learnt first by most of the residents was Quechua (63.05%) followed by Spanish (36.57%). The Quechua variety spoken in Ayacucho is Chanka Quechua. The following table shows the results concerning the language learnt first in the department by province:
|Province||Quechua||Aymara||Asháninka||Another native language||Spanish||Foreign language||Deaf or mute||Total|
|Paucar del Sara Sara||5,223||19||1||15||5,140||-||16||10,414|
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