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Dental and alveolar lateral flaps

The alveolar lateral flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ɺ⟩, a fusion of a rotated lowercase letter ⟨r⟩ with a letter ⟨l⟩.

Alveolar lateral flap
ɺ
IPA number181
Encoding
Entity (decimal)ɺ
Unicode (hex)U+027A
X-SAMPAl\
Kirshenbaum*<lat>
Braille⠦ (braille pattern dots-236)⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456)
Listen

Some languages that are described as having a lateral flap actually have a flap that is indeterminate with respect to centrality, and may surface as either central or lateral, either in free variation or allophonically depending on surrounding vowels and consonants.[1]

Contents

FeaturesEdit

Features of the alveolar lateral flap:

OccurrenceEdit

DentalEdit

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Chaga[2] [example needed] Laminal dental.[2]

AlveolarEdit

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Japanese[3] /roku [ɺo̞kɯ̟ᵝ] 'six' More commonly [ɾ]. See Japanese phonology
Kasua[4] hilila [hiɺiɺɑ] 'heavy' Never used at the beginning nor the end of a word.[4]
Pirahã toogixi [tòːɺ͡ɺ̼ìʔì] 'hoe' Only used in some types of speech
Wayuu püülükü [pɯːɺɯkɯ] 'pig' Contrasts with /r/

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996), p. 243.
  2. ^ a b Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996), p. 213.
  3. ^ Akamatsu (1997), p. 106.
  4. ^ a b Logan, Tommy (July 2003). "Organised Phonology Data" (PDF). SIL International.

ReferencesEdit