Dennis Toeppen is an American entrepreneur and was the owner of a bus company Suburban Express. He was a party to two cases of first impression relating to Domain Name registration. He is criticized for openly making racist remarks towards Asian and other ethnic minorities.
Dennis Eric Toeppen
|Born||1964 (age 54–55)|
|Education||BS, MS, MBA|
|Alma mater||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign |
University of Chicago
|Occupation||Bus company owner|
|Home town||Mount Prospect, Illinois|
Early life and educationEdit
Dennis Eric Toeppen grew up in Mount Prospect, Illinois. He graduated from Prospect High School in 1982 and enrolled at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, majoring in electrical engineering. He later changed his major to business, and graduated in 1987. Thereafter, he attended the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Northwestern University and the University of Chicago.
In 1983, Toeppen founded Suburban Express to provide transportation from Urbana-Champaign and the surrounding area to Chicago. After waging an initial price war with rival Greyhound Lines, fares in competitive markets had been reduced, and Suburban Express' ticket sales in Urbana-Champaign equaled those of Greyhound by 1985.
In 2013, Suburban Express received negative media coverage and a large amount of criticism from the public after filing 125 lawsuits against passengers and threatening others, including a Reddit moderator. Afterwards, the company withdrew its lawsuits, only to reinstate many.
After releasing an ad that included discriminatory language targeted at international students, Suburban Express was sued by the Illinois Attorney General in April 2018 for "Discrimination, Harassment and Invaded Privacy of Student Customers". Suburban Express and its subsidiaries shut down operations in May 2019.
Domain registration & trademark litigationEdit
In 1995, Toeppen registered about 200 internet domain names including some which were similar to well known companies and popular trademarks. Some of them included panavision.com (Panavision), deltaairlines.com (Delta Air Lines), neiman-marcus.com (Neiman Marcus), eddiebauer.com (Eddie Bauer) and yankeestadium.com (New York Yankees). Some of these companies, like Delta Air Lines, paid Toeppen to acquire the domain names from him.
In 1996, Panavision, a camera manufacturing company, sued Toeppen for trademark infringement instead of paying him $13,000 for the domain. In 1998, the court ruled that Toeppen had to relinquish the domain name to Panavision. In a similar case brought in 1996, Intermatic Inc., a timer manufacturing company, sued Toeppen rather than pay him $5,000 for the domain name intermatic.com. The court ruled that the domain be transferred to Intermatic but ruled Intermatic had not proven willful trademark infringement or unfair competition.
Both the Panavision and Intermatic cases were matters of first impression for the U.S. Courts in dealing with trademarks and domain registrations. The practice of registering trademarked words as domains for sale to trademark holders became known as Cybersquatting, a term that was first used by a court in 1998. In November 1999, after the Panavision case had ended, and while Intermatic Inc. v. Toeppen was still pending, the United States gave trademark holders a cause of action against registrants of domain names containing trademarks, in the Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act.
- Rozek, Dan (1985-10-20). "Fare wars - Bus service run by student butts heads with Greyhound" (PDF). Daily Herald (Arlington Heights). Retrieved 2016-02-22.
- "Dennis Toeppen's website". Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- Gallagher, Sean (2013-04-26). "Express to Internet Hate: Bus company threatens redditor with lawsuit". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2016-07-03.
- Gallagher, Sean (2013-05-02). "Nonstop to schadenfreude: Suburban Express' u-turn on reddit lawsuit". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2016-07-03.
- "Attorney for Suburban Express owner says he wants out". news-gazette.com. Retrieved 2018-07-20.
The lawyer for Suburban Express owner Dennis Toeppen wants to withdraw as counsel because of unpaid fees and a strategic impasse.... filed a lawsuit against Toeppen and Allerton Charter Coach, which operates as a contractor for Suburban Express.
- "Buses". Allerton Charter website. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
- "Illinois Attorney General - MADIGAN FILES LAWSUIT AGAINST SUBURBAN EXPRESS". www.illinoisattorneygeneral.gov. Retrieved 2019-05-09.
- "Suburban Express shuts down". www.news-gazette.com. Retrieved 2019-05-09.
- Bidgoli, Hossein. The Internet Encyclopedia: P - Z. p. 455.
- Wayner, Peter (September 21, 1998). "Compressed Data; What's in a Web Name? Sometimes, Mistaken Identity". New York Times. Retrieved 2013-06-28.
- Newenham, Pamela (2013-05-30). "Make sure you have control of your domain – or prepare to pay the price". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2013-06-28.
- Spinello, Richard. Cyberethics: Morality and Law in Cyberspace.
- Graham, Lawrence (1999). Legal Battles That Shaped the Computer Industry. Praeger. pp. 135–138. ISBN 1567201784.
- Peter, Lewis (1996-09-12). "The Internet's Gatekeeper May Cash In on Its Role". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
- "Intermatic Inc. v. Toeppen, 947 F. Supp. 1227 (N.D. Ill. 1996)". Retrieved 15 June 2016. Cite journal requires
- "Intermatic Inc. v. Toeppen, 947 F. Supp. 1227 (N.D. Ill. 1996)". 23 March 2001. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
As in Panavision International LP v Toeppen...The particular issues in this case were primarily issues of first impression and at the relevant period there was a lack of legal precedent regarding issues arising from the intersection of trademark law and the Internet.Cite journal requires
- "Avery Dennison v Sumpton". Intellectual Property in Cyberspace: Domain Names & Trademarks. Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
- Isenberg, Doug. "The Origins of 'Cybersquatting'". Retrieved 15 June 2016.