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Denain (Picard: Dnain) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. In 1999 Denain had a population of 20,360, on a land area of 11.52 km² (4.448 sq mi).

Denain
The town hall in Denain
The town hall in Denain
Coat of arms of Denain
Coat of arms
Location of Denain
Denain is located in France
Denain
Denain
Denain is located in Hauts-de-France
Denain
Denain
Coordinates: 50°19′46″N 3°23′45″E / 50.3294°N 3.3958°E / 50.3294; 3.3958Coordinates: 50°19′46″N 3°23′45″E / 50.3294°N 3.3958°E / 50.3294; 3.3958
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentNord
ArrondissementValenciennes
CantonDenain
IntercommunalityCommunauté d'agglomération de la Porte du Hainaut
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Anne-Lise Dufour-Tonini
Area
1
11.52 km2 (4.45 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
19,845
 • Density1,700/km2 (4,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
59172 /59220
Elevation26–115 m (85–377 ft)
(avg. 33 m or 108 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

It is the largest of 39 communes which comprise the association of communes of Porte du Hainaut, which in 1999 had a total population of 147,989.

Contents

HistoryEdit

A mere village in the beginning of the 19th century, it rapidly increased from 1850 onwards, and, according to the census of 1906, possessed 22,845 inhabitants,[2] more than its 1999 population.

Its vicinity was the scene of the decisive victory gained in 1712 by Marshal Villars over the allies commanded by Prince Eugene of Savoy; and the battlefield is marked by a monolithic monument inscribed with the verses of Voltaire: "Regardez dans Denain l'audacieux Villars/Disputant le tonnerre à l'aigle des Césars."[2] ("See in Denain bold Villars/Fighting the eagle of the Caesars").

Denain was an important centre in the industrial revolution, first for coal-mining from 1720, and steelworks from around 1839. The closure of the large Usinor steelworks at Denain was announced in 1978, and the works finally closed in 1988. Émile Zola is thought to have conducted research into the working of the mine and mining communities by visiting Denain before writing Germinal. A primary school, a park and a road in Denain bear the name of the novelist.

Former mayor Patrick Roy was also a deputy and became famous for the support for heavy metal music he expressed at the National Assembly on various occasions.

HeraldryEdit

The arms of Denain are blazoned :
Or, a cross engrailed gules. (Artres, Bettrechies, Cerfontaine, Denain, Eth, Lesquin, Obies, Quérénaing, Semousies, Wambrechies and Warlaing use the same arms.)

Notable residentsEdit

  • Fabien Gilot (born 1984), Olympic and world champion swimmer

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Denain". Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 17.

External linksEdit