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Demographics of the Central African Republic

This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Central African Republic, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Central African Republic, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

There are more than 80 ethnic groups in the Central African Republic (CAR), each with its own language. About 50% are Baya-Mandjia, 40% Banda (largely located in the northern and central parts of the country), and 7% are M'Baka (southwestern corner of the CAR). Sangho, the language of a small group along the Oubangui River, is the national language spoken by the majority of Central Africans. Only a small part of the population has more than an elemental knowledge of French, the official language.

More than 55% of the population of the CAR lives in rural areas. The chief agricultural areas are around the Bossangoa and Bambari. Bangui, Berberati, Bangassou, and Bossangoa are the most densely populated urban centers.

PopulationEdit

According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects[1][2] the total population was 4,666,368 in 2018, compared to only 1 327 000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 40.4%, 55.6% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 4% was 65 years or older .[3]

Total population Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 1 327 000 36.2 58.7 5.1
1955 1 399 000 37.0 58.3 4.7
1960 1 504 000 38.2 57.5 4.3
1965 1 649 000 39.6 56.2 4.2
1970 1 829 000 40.6 55.3 4.1
1975 2 017 000 41.7 54.2 4.1
1980 2 274 000 42.2 53.6 4.1
1985 2 627 000 42.4 53.6 4.0
1990 2 935 000 43.2 52.8 4.0
1995 3 328 000 42.5 53.5 4.0
2000 3 702 000 42.0 54.0 3.9
2005 4 018 000 41.6 54.5 4.0
2010 4 401 000 40.4 55.6 4.0
2015 4 410 000 40.8 55.8 4.0

Vital statisticsEdit

Registration of vital events is in the Central African Republic not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [3]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 57 000 42 000 15 000 41.7 31.0 10.7 5.52 204
1955-1960 63 000 42 000 21 000 43.3 29.0 14.3 5.75 189
1960-1965 69 000 42 000 27 000 43.8 26.9 16.9 5.90 176
1965-1970 76 000 42 000 33 000 43.5 24.3 19.2 5.95 160
1970-1975 82 000 40 000 42 000 42.7 21.0 21.7 5.95 138
1975-1980 91 000 39 000 51 000 42.2 18.2 24.0 5.95 119
1980-1985 104 000 41 000 63 000 42.4 16.8 25.5 5.95 110
1985-1990 116 000 47 000 70 000 41.9 16.8 25.1 5.90 109
1990-1995 126 000 55 000 71 000 40.2 17.5 22.7 5.65 113
1995-2000 140 000 67 000 73 000 39.8 19.2 20.6 5.54 116
2000-2005 148 000 75 000 72 000 38.3 19.5 18.7 5.30 114
2005-2010 150 000 74 000 76 000 35.6 17.6 18.0 4.85 105
2010-2015 149 000 74 000 75 000 36.8 17.9 19.0 5.12 110
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Fertility and BirthsEdit

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[4]


Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
1994-95 38,0 5,07 (4,7) 37,9 4,86 (4,3) 37,9 5,23 (5,0)

Life expectancyEdit

Period Life expectancy in
Years[5]
1950–1955 33.44
1955–1960   35.50
1960–1965   37.57
1965–1970   40.16
1970–1975   43.90
1975–1980   47.62
1980–1985   49.56
1985–1990   49.49
1990–1995   47.65
1995–2000   44.96
2000–2005   43.68
2005–2010   45.99
2010–2015   49.40

Other demographic statisticsEdit

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019.[6]

  • One birth every 3 minutes
  • One death every 9 minutes
  • One net migrant every 21 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 6 minutes

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook.[7]

PopulationEdit

5,745,062 (July 2018 est.)
4,920,157
Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)

Age structureEdit

 
Population pyramid of Central African Republic in 2017
0-14 years: 39.89% (male 1,151,724 /female 1,140,083)
15-24 years: 19.91% (male 574,969 /female 568,942)
25-54 years: 32.64% (male 938,365 /female 936,948)
55-64 years: 4.17% (male 112,310 /female 127,045)
65 years and over: 3.39% (male 75,401 /female 119,275) (2018 est.)

Median ageEdit

total: 19.8 years. Country comparison to the world: 197th
male: 19.5 years
female: 20.1 years (2018 est.)
Total: 21.4 years
Male: 19.6 years
Female: 20.2 years (2015 est.)

Population growth rateEdit

2.11% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 43rd
2.12% (2016 est.)

Birth rateEdit

34 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 24th

Death rateEdit

12.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

Net migration rateEdit

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 78th

Total fertility rateEdit

4.25 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 29th

Sex ratioEdit

At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2015 est.)

Life expectancy at birthEdit

male: 51.9 years (2018 est.)
female: 54.7 years (2018 est.)

Dependency ratiosEdit

total dependency ratio: 90 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 83.1 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 7 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 14.4 (2015 est)

Contraceptive prevalence rateEdit

15.2% (2010/11)

School life expectancyEdit

total: 7 years (2012)
male: 8 years (2012)
female: 6 years (2012)

HIV/AIDSEdit

Adult prevalence rate: 4.7% (2009 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 130,000 (2009 est.)
Deaths: 11,000 (2010 est.)

Major infectious diseasesEdit

Degree of risk: very high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease: malaria
Respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
Water contact disease: schistosomiasis
Animal contact disease: rabies (2010)

NationalityEdit

Noun: Central African(s)
Adjective: Central African

Ethnic groupsEdit

An approximate distribution of the ethnic groups is shown in the chart below:

Ethnic groups in Central African Republic
Ethnic group Percentage Population
Baggara Arabs 2.4% 107,000
Baka 0.5% 20,000
Banda 27% 1,190,700
Bayaka ? ?
Fula ? ?
Gbaya 33% 1,300,000
Kara 2.3% 100,000
Kresh ? ?
Mbaka 4% 176,400
Mandja 13% 573,300
Ngbandi ? ?
Sara 10% 441,000
Vidiri ? ?
Wodaabe 2.3% 100,000
Yakoma 4% 176,400
Yulu ? ?
Zande 1.4% 62,000
Others ? ?

ReligionsEdit

Indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Islam 15%[8]

LanguagesEdit

French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages[8]

LiteracyEdit

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 51%
Male: 63.3%
Female: 39.9% (2010 est.)

UrbanizationEdit

urban population: 41.4% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: 2.52% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ""World Population prospects – Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  2. ^ ""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  3. ^ a b Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision Archived May 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "MEASURE DHS: Demographic and Health Surveys". microdata.worldbank.org.
  5. ^ "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". esa.un.org. Retrieved 2018-08-26.
  6. ^ "Central African Republic Population 2019", World Population Review
  7. ^ "The World FactBook - Central African Republic", The World Factbook, July 12, 2018  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  8. ^ a b "Africa: CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC". CIA The World Factbook.

  This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2006 edition".