Demographics of Serbia and Montenegro

Serbia and Montenegro was a country that existed from 1992 to 2006. It consisted of two constituent states, the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro.

Ethnic map of Serbia in 2002
Ethnic map of Montenegro

The total population of Serbia and Montenegro at the time of its dissolution in 2006 was approximately 9,746,130 with Serbia having 9,131,105 and Montenegro having 615,025.[when?] In 2000, in Serbia, 19.95% of the population was 14 and under (male 1,028,355; female 963,366); in Montenegro, it was 22.05% (male 77,582; female 72,395). 65.22% of Serbians (male 3,187,746; female 3,322,425) and 66.16% of Montenegrins (male 222,095; female 227,923) were between 15 and 64. 14.83% of Serbians (male 638,204; female 841,833) and 11.79% of Montenegrins (male 32,400; female 47,763) were 65 and over.

Estimates in 2000 placed Serbia's population growth rate at 0.739% and Montenegro's at -12.22%. The respective birth rates were 12.20/1000 (Serbia) and 14.9/1000 (Montenegro); death rates were 11.08/1000 (Serbia) and 7.9/1000 (Montenegro). The net migration rate was 6.29/1000 in Serbia and -29.18/1,000 in Montenegro. Total fertility rates were 1.7 children/woman in Serbia and 2.0 children/woman in Montenegro.

Demographics of Serbia and Montenegro, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

In 2000, Serbia's infant mortality rate was 20.13 deaths/1,000 live births; Montenegro's was 10.97 deaths/1,000 live births. Total life expectancy at birth was 72.39 years in Serbia (69.31 for males, 75.72 for females) and 75.46 in Montenegro (71.45 for males, 79.82 for females).

Ethnic groups in the region were represented as follows: Serb 62.6%, Albanian 16.5%, Montenegrin 5%, Yugoslav 3.4%, Hungarian 3.3%, other 9.2% (as of 1001). In terms of religion, 65% of inhabitants were Eastern Orthodox, 19% Muslim, 4% Roman Catholic, 1% Protestant 1%, and 11% other. The main languages spoken in Serbia and Montenegro are Serbian, Albanian, Croatian, Bosnian and Hungarian.

In 2002, 96.4% of the population aged 15 and over could read and write (98.9% of males, 94.1% of females).

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1880 2,089,183—    
1890 2,642,142+26.5%
1900 3,204,240+21.3%
1910 3,826,034+19.4%
1921 5,337,714+39.5%
1931 6,048,272+13.3%
1948 6,727,766+11.2%
1953 7,244,433+7.7%
1961 8,114,121+12.0%
1971 9,276,125+14.3%
1981 10,014,936+8.0%
1991 10,532,601+5.2%
2002 10,402,186−1.2%
2011 10,625,593+2.1%
2015 10,729,223+1.0%

Vital statisticsEdit

Vital statistics 1992 - 2006Edit

Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate Female fertile population (15-49 years)
1992 10,389,875 140,819 105,872 34,947 13.6 10.2 3.4 1.98 2,450,655
1993 10,390,945 140,985 107,396 33,589 13.6 10.3 3.2 1.97 2,476,910
1994 10,392,747 137,629 105,338 32,291 13.2 10.1 3.1 1.92 2,504,244
1995 10,393,841 140,504 107,535 32,969 13.5 10.3 3.2 1.95 2,533,427
1996 10,398,138 137,683 111,744 25,939 13.2 10.7 2.5 1.90 2,556,347
1997 10,399,279 131,394 111,845 19,549 12.6 10.8 1.9 1.81 2,566,228
1998 10,304,594 127,293 112,811 14,482 12.4 10.9 1.4 1.76 2,550,985
1999 10,214,585 121,070 114,406 6,664 11.9 11.2 0.7 1.68 2,534,790
2000 10,128,515 121,635 116,569 5,066 12.0 11.5 0.5 1.70 2,516,066
2001 10,057,754 124,686 111,111 13,575 12.4 11.0 1.3 1.75 2,500,209
2002 9,996,503 122,736 113,952 8,784 12.3 11.4 0.9 1.73 2,483,841
2003 9,919,214 119,363 116,067 3,296 12.0 11.7 0.3 1.69 2,457,449
2004 9,842,578 121,098 116,426 4,672 12.3 11.8 0.5 1.72 2,431,740
2005 9,798,810 116,750 119,817 -3,067 11.9 12.2 -0.3 1.66 2,405,756
2006 9,746,130 112,715 116,331 -3,616 11.6 11.9 -0.4 1.62 2,381,783

Marriages and divorces 1992 - 2006Edit

Average population Marriages Divorces Crude marriage rate (per 1000) Crude divorce rate (per 1000) Divorces per 1000 marriages
1992 10,389,875 63,563 7,136 6.1 0.7 112.3
1993 10,390,945 62,045 7,394 6.0 0.7 119.2
1994 10,392,747 59,803 7,005 5.8 0.7 117.1
1995 10,393,841 60,325 7,962 5.8 0.8 132.0
1996 10,398,138 56,719 7,896 5.5 0.8 139.2
1997 10,399,279 56,203 7,947 5.4 0.8 141.4
1998 10,304,594 56,105 8,002 5.4 0.8 142.6
1999 10,214,585 55,600 7,378 5.4 0.7 132.7
2000 10,128,515 62,166 8,904 6.1 0.9 143.2
2001 10,057,754 62,296 9,236 6.2 0.9 148.3
2002 9,996,503 64,021 11,525 6.4 1.2 180.0
2003 9,919,214 62,998 9,597 6.4 1.0 152.3
2004 9,842,578 62,459 10,643 6.3 1.1 170.4
2005 9,798,810 57,869 9,605 5.9 1.0 166.0
2006 9,746,130 59,043 10,154 6.1 1.0 172.0

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.