Demographics of Asia

The continent of Asia covers 29.4% of the Earth's land area and has a population of around 4.69 billion (as of 2021),[1] accounting for about 60% of the world population. The combined population of both China and India are estimated to be over 2.8 billion people as of 2021. Asia's population is projected to grow to 5.26 billion by 2050, or about 54% of projected world population at that time.[2] Population growth in Asia was close to 1.2% p.a. as of 2015, with highly disparate rates. Many Western Asian countries have growth rates above 2% p.a., notably Pakistan at 2.4% p.a., while China has a growth rate below 0.5% p.a..

Graph showing population by continent as a percentage of world population (1750 - 2005)

PopulationEdit

HistoryEdit

Population of Asia, 1–1820 A.D. (million)Edit

Source: Maddison et al.[3]

Year[3] 1 1000 1500 1600 1700 1820
China 59.6 59.0 103.0 160.0 138.0 381.0
India 75.0 75.0 110.0 135.0 165.0 209.0
Japan 3.0 7.5 15.4 18.5 27.0 31.0
Korea 1.6 3.9 8.0 10.0 12.2 13.8
Indonesia 2.8 5.2 10.7 11.7 13.1 17.9
Indochina 1.1 2.2 4.5 5.0 5.9 8.9
Other East Asia 5.9 9.8 14.4 16.9 19.8 23.6
Iran 4.0 4.5 4.0 5.0 5.0 6.6
Turkey 6.1 7.3 6.3 7.9 8.4 10.1
Other West Asia 15.1 8.5 7.5 8.5 7.4 8.5
Total Asia 174.2 182.9 283.8 378.5 401.8 710.4

Shares of World Population, Asia, 1–1998 A.D. (per cent of world total)Edit

Source: Maddison et al.[3]

Year[3] 1 1000 1500 1600 1700 1820 1870 1913 1950 1973 1998
Japan 1.3 2.8 3.5 3.3 4.5 3.0 2.7 2.9 3.3 2.8 2.1
China 25.8 22.0 23.5 28.8 22.9 36.6 28.2 24.4 21.7 22.5 21.0
India 32.5 28.0 25.1 24.3 27.3 20.1 19.9 17.0 14.2 14.8 16.5
Other Asia 15.9 15.4 12.7 11.7 11.9 8.6 9.4 10.3 15.5 17.3 19.8
Total Asia (excluding Japan) 74.2 65.4 61.3 64.8 62.1 65.3 57.5 51.7 51.4 54.7 57.4
World 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Countries Ranking By International OrganisationsEdit

               2019 List by the World Bank [4]

Countries Population TFR HDI
  China 1,433,783,686 1.7 0.761
  India 1,366,417,754 2.2 0.645
  Indonesia 270,625,568 2.3 0.718
  Pakistan 216,565,318 3.5 0.557
  Bangladesh 163,046,161 2.0 0.632
  Japan 126,860,301 1.4 0.919
  Philippines 108,116,615 2.5 0.718
  Vietnam 96,462,106 2.0 0.704
  Turkey 83,429,615 2.1 0.82
  Iran 82,913,906 2.1 0.783
  Thailand 69,037,513 1.5 0.777
  Myanmar 54,045,420 2.1 0.583
  South Korea 51,225,308 0.9 0.916
  Iraq 39,309,783 3.6 0.674
  Afghanistan 38,041,754 4.3 0.511
  Saudi Arabia 34,268,528 2.3 0.854
  Uzbekistan 32,981,716 2.8 0.72
  Malaysia 31,949,777 2.0 0.81
  Yemen 29,161,922 3.7 0.47
  Nepal 28,608,710 1.9 0.602
  North Korea 25,666,161 1.9 NA
  Sri Lanka 21,323,733 2.2 0.782
  Kazakhstan 18,551,427 2.9 0.825
  Syria 17,070,135 2.8 0.567
  Cambodia 16,486,542 2.5 0.594
  Jordan 10,101,694 3.0 0.729
  Azerbaijan 10,047,718 1.8 0.756
  United Arab Emirates 9,770,529 1.4 0.89
  Tajikistan 9,321,018 3.6 0.668
  Israel 8,519,377 3.0 0.919
  Hong Kong (China) 7,436,154 1.1 0.949
  Laos 7,169,455 2.6 0.613
  Lebanon 6,855,713 2.1 0.744
  Kyrgyzstan 6,415,850 3.3 0.697
  Turkmenistan 5,942,089 2.7 0.715
  Singapore 5,804,337 1.1 0.938
  Oman 4,974,986 2.8 0.813
  Kuwait 4,207,083 2.1 0.806
  Georgia 3,996,765 2.1 0.812
  Mongolia 3,225,167 2.9 0.737
  Armenia 2,957,731 1.8 0.776
  Qatar 2,832,067 1.8 0.848
  Bahrain 1,641,172 2 0.852
  East Timor 1,293,119 3.9 0.606
  Cyprus 1,179,551 1.3 0.887
  Bhutan 763,092 2.0 0.654
  Macau (China) 640,445 1.2 NA
  Maldives 530,953 1.8 0.74
  Brunei 433,285 1.8 0.838
Asia 4,572,008,809 2.1 0.703
Population Replacement 2.1

EconomyEdit

Economically, most of Asia is traditionally considered part of the Second World, with the significant exception of the industrialized First World countries of Israel, Japan, Taiwan and South Korea. Asian countries in the G-20 major economies include China, Japan, South Korea, India, Indonesia, Turkey and Saudi Arabia. Of these, Japan is also in the G8, and additionally China and India in the G8+5.

The Human Development Index of Asian countries range from Low to Very High category. The table below shows the 10 highest and lowest countries according to their Human Development Index scores based on the 2019 report.[5]

EthnicitiesEdit

 
The language families of Asia

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Asia Population". Worldometer. Worldometer. Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  2. ^ "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". esa.un.org. Archived from the original on 2018-01-24. Retrieved 2017-11-29.
  3. ^ a b c d Maddison. "Growth of World Population, GDP and GDP Per Capita before 1820" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Fertility rate, total (births per woman) | Data". data.worldbank.org. Archived from the original on January 20, 2020.
  5. ^ "Human Development Report 2019 – "Human Development Indices and Indicators"" (PDF). HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. pp. 22–25. Retrieved 23 February 2020.

External linksEdit