Democratic Republic of Yemen

The Democratic Republic of Yemen (Arabic: جمهورية اليمن الديمقراطيةJumhūrīyat al-Yaman ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah), colloquially known as South Yemen, was a breakaway state that fought against Yemen Arab Republic in the 1994 Yemeni Civil War. It was declared in May 1994 and covered all of the former South Yemen.

Democratic Republic of Yemen
جمهورية اليمن الديمقراطية
Jumhūrīyat al-Yaman ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah
Flag of Yemen, Democratic Republic of
Anthem: الجمهورية المتحدة (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah al-Muttaḥidâh
"United Republic"
(Original lyrics)

South Yemen in its region.svg
Locator map South Yemen on the globe (South Yemen centered).svg
Location of claimed territory of the Democratic Republic of Yemen (red)

– in Asia (tan & white)
– in South Arabia (tan)

StatusUnrecognized state
Common languagesArabic
GovernmentUnitary Marxist–Leninist[1]one-party socialist republic
• 1994
Ali Salim al-Beidh
Prime Minister 
• 1994
Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas
Historical eraYemeni Civil War
• Established
CurrencySouth Yemeni dinar
Preceded by
Succeeded by

The DRY, with its capital in Aden, was led by President Ali Salim al-Beidh and Prime Minister Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas and represented a response to the weakening position of the South in the civil war of 1994. The new state failed to receive international recognition, despite the sympathy of Saudi Arabia for its position. Its leaders, in addition to Yemeni Socialist Party figures such as al-Beidh and Attas, included some prominent personalities from South Yemeni history such as Abdallah al-Asnaj, who had been strenuously opposed to YSP one-party rule in the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen.[2]

The secession followed several weeks of fighting, which began on 27 April and lasted from 21 May 1994 until 7 July 1994. The civil war ended by the DRY strongholds of Mukalla and Aden falling to government forces.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Au Yémen, l'indéracinable Ali Abdallah Saleh". La Croix (in French). 2016-10-10. ISSN 0242-6056. Retrieved 2020-10-20.
  2. ^ Paul Dresch, A History of Yemen, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000; p. 196

Coordinates: 12°48′00″N 45°01′59″E / 12.8000°N 45.0330°E / 12.8000; 45.0330