Democratic Party (Cyprus)

The Democratic Party (Greek: Δημοκρατικό Κόμμα (ΔΗΚΟ), Dimokratikó Kómma (DIKO)) is a Greek-Cypriot nationalist, centrist[4] political party in Cyprus founded in 1976 by Spyros Kyprianou.[5][6]

Democratic Party
Δημοκρατικό Κόμμα
LeaderNikolas Papadopoulos
FounderSpyros Kyprianou
Founded12 May 1976
Split fromEK[1]
HeadquartersNicosia, Cyprus
Youth wingNEDIK
Political positionCentre
International affiliationProgressive Alliance[2][3]
European Parliament groupProgressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Colours   Blue, Orange
House of Representatives
9 / 56
European Parliament
1 / 6
Municipal Councils
74 / 478

DIKO is variously described as centrist,[7][8] centre-left[9] or centre-right;[10][11][12] internationally, it is a member of the Progressive Alliance, which groups together mainly centre-left parties.[2] Among all Cypriot political parties, DIKO claims to be the most loyal follower of the policies of Archbishop Makarios, the founding father of the Republic of Cyprus.[13] Its electoral stronghold is the Paphos District.


As stated in its founding declaration, the Democratic Party proposes the political philosophy of "social centrism", which constitutes "a total of attributes and values that offer in the state social cohesion, political prospect, improvement of terms of life and development of human culture, that should be shared between the entire population and not only between the privileged teams of the population". In June 2003, under the leadership of Tassos Papadopoulos, DIKO announced it was moving away from its traditional centre-right political positioning,[14] and declared its intention of moving towards social democracy.[14]

The party has developed a strict and hardline stance on the Cyprus problem and strongly opposed the Annan plan in 2004. DIKO also supports European integration and a non-aligned foreign policy, even though it showed support for Cyprus joining NATO's Partnership for Peace. The Movement for Social Democracy (EDEK), together with DIKO, constitute the so-called "space in-between" (ενδιάμεσος χώρος) in Cypriot politics, in that they strongly differentiate themselves from both the right-wing Democratic Rally and the left-wing AKEL.[15]

From 2000 to 2006, the party was led by Tassos Papadopoulos, who was President of Cyprus from 2003 to 2008. Papadopoulos was succeeded as DIKO leader by Marios Garoyian, who was President of the House of Representatives from 2008 to 2011. The party leadership was taken over by Nicolas Papadopoulos, son of Tassos, following an internal ballot in December 2013.[16]

The Democratic Party's traditional third place in legislative elections has allowed to it to assume the balance of power in parliament, where it has alternated between support for the communist Progressive Party of Working People (AKEL) and the conservative Democratic Rally (DISY). In the 2011 legislative election, the party won 15.8 percent of the vote and 9 out of 56 seats. The party's decision not to field a candidate in the 2013 presidential election and to back conservative leader Nicos Anastasiades instead was controversial amongst members, and contributed to Marios Garoyian's loss of the leadership to Nicolas Papadopoulos later in the year.[16]

During the Seventh European Parliament, the sole DIKO MEP was attached to the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats group.[17]



  1. ^ Oliver P. Richmond (1998). Mediating in Cyprus: The Cypriot Communities and the United Nations. Frank Cass. pp. xvii.
  2. ^ a b Το ΔΗ.ΚΟ. συνδέεται με την "Προοδευτική Συμμαχία" (in Greek). Nicosia: Democratic Party. 24 September 2013. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  3. ^ "Parties & Organisations: Political Parties and Associated Partners of the Progressive Alliance". Progressive Alliance.
  4. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2016). "Cyprus". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  5. ^ Farid Mirbagheri (1 October 2009). Historical Dictionary of Cyprus. Scarecrow Press. pp. 44–. ISBN 978-0-8108-6298-2.
  6. ^ Peter Loizos (15 June 2008). Iron in the Soul: Displacement, Livelihood and Health in Cyprus. Berghahn Books. pp. 202–. ISBN 978-0-85745-067-8.
  7. ^ "Cyprus – Political parties". European Election Database. Norwegian Centre for Research Data.
  8. ^ "Appendix A3: Political Parties" (PDF). European Social Survey (9th ed.). 2018.
  9. ^ Athanasiadis, Konstantinos (30 May 2014). "Cyprus: Disapproval through abstention in EU's remotest 'outpost'". In De Sio, Lorenzo; Emanuele, Vincenzo; Maggini, Nicola (eds.). The European Parliament Elections of 2014 (PDF). CISE. p. 164. ISBN 978-88-98012-16-9.
  10. ^ Ker-Lindsay, James. "Government, Politics and Accession to the European Union". In Dew, Philip (ed.). Doing Business with the Republic of Cyprus. GMB Publishing. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-905050-54-3.
  11. ^ Neofytos Loizides (2012). Transformations of the Greek-Cypriot and Turkish-Cypriot Right: Right-wing Peace-makers?. Beyond a Divided Cyprus: A State and Society in Transformation. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 186. ISBN 9780230338548.
  12. ^ Nathalie Tocci (2007). Greece, Turkey and Cyprus. European Politic. Oxford University Press. p. 125.
  13. ^ Eric Solsten, ed. Cyprus: A Country Study, US Congress
  14. ^ a b Philip Dew (2005). Doing Business with the Republic of Cyprus. GMB Publishing Ltd. pp. 16–. ISBN 978-1-905050-54-3.
  15. ^ Christophoros Christophorou (2009). The Evolution of Greek Cypriot Party Politics. The Government and Politics of Cyprus. Peter Lang. p. 90.
  16. ^ a b "Nicolas Papadopoulos elected as leader of DIKO on Cyprus". Kathimerini. Athens. 2 December 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  17. ^ Brüssel Centre for European Studies (2013). From Reform to Growth. Managing the Economic Crisis in Europe. Eburon Uitgeverij B.V. pp. 100–. ISBN 978-90-5972-751-9.

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