Delta Kappa Epsilon

Delta Kappa Epsilon (ΔΚΕ), commonly known as DKE - or - Deke is one of the oldest fraternities in the United States, currently with fifty-six active chapters across North America & Canada. Founded at Yale College in 1844 by fifteen sophomores who were discontent with the existing fraternity order on campus. The men established a fellowship "where the candidate most favored was he who combined in the most equal proportions the Gentleman, the Scholar and the Jolly Good Fellow.

Delta Kappa Epsilon
ΔΚΕ
Delta Kappa Epsilon Coat of Arms.png
FoundedJune 22, 1844; 176 years ago (1844-06-22)
No. 12 Old South Hall, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
TypeSocial
ScopeInternational
MottoΚηροϑεν Φιλοι ἀει (Kērothen Philoi Aei; "Friends From The Heart, Forever")
Colors     Azure (Blue/Navy)
     Gold (Or)
     Gules (Crimson)
SymbolRampant Lion
FlagDelta Kappa Epsilon flag.png
PublicationThe Deke Quarterly
PhilanthropyRampant Lion Foundation
Chapters56
NicknamesDKE, Deke
HeadquartersP.O. Box 8360
Ann Arbor, Michigan
America
Websitehttp://www.dke.org


HistoryEdit

Founding fathersEdit

Delta Kappa Epsilon was founded on June 22, 1844,[1] in room number twelve in the corner of Old South Hall on the campus of Yale College in New Haven, Connecticut. The fifteen founders were:[1] William Woodruff Atwater, Dr. Edward Griffin Bartlett, Frederic Peter Bellinger, Jr., Henry Case, Colonel George Foote Chester, John Butler Conyngham, Thomas Isaac Franklin, William Walter Horton, The Honorable William Boyd Jacobs, Professor Edward VanSchoonhoven Kinsley, Chester Newell Righter, Dr. Elisha Bacon Shapleigh, Thomas DuBois Sherwood, Albert Everett Stetson, and Orson William Stow. At this meeting, the Fraternity's secret and open Greek mottos were devised, as were the lapel pin design and secret grip. The open motto becoming – "Kerothen Philoi Aei" – "Friends From The Heart, Forever."

Active and pledge pins and flagEdit

The ΔΚΕ Flag consists of three bands of color: Azure (blue, truth), Champagne (gold, fidelity) and Gules (crimson, courage) with a dexter rampant lion in the middle band. ΔKE flags have been carried to the North Pole by its discoverer, Admiral Robert Peary and to the Moon by astronaut Alan Bean. Adorning the active pin, are Greek letters Δ Κ Ε etched down a white scroll centered on a black diamond encased in gold-roped trim and stars at each corner. Members' initials, number & chapter engraved on back completes the active pin. Delta Kappa Epsilon pledges wear a triangle-shaped label pin with the same heraldic colors of Azure, Champagne & Crimson, with gold facing upward & always on collared shirts. Zeta Zeta Chapter (LSU) actives require pledges wear pins with crimson facing up, yet they're inactive.

ChaptersEdit

Founding of chaptersEdit

Within five years of the founding of Phi Chapter at Yale, chapters were installed at Bowdoin College, Princeton University, Colby College, Amherst College, Vanderbilt University and University of Alabama.

October 16, 1844 - Phi adopted its Chapter name; Sherwood begins Chapter install at Bowdoin College.

November 1, 1844 - Theta Chapter, first members initiated; initiation fee was a dollar & fifty cents.

September 15, 1845 - Zeta Chapter, Princeton, only sixty-nine members initiated during brief existence.

November 1, 1846 - Sigma Chapter, Amherst, founded by Ledoux. ~ed.note: DuBois?~

December 23, 1946 - First ΔΚΕ Convention, New Haven, Connecticut

Delta Kappa Epsilon's first West Coast chapter was founded at the University of California, Berkeley on Halloween night, 1876. The Mu Chapter in Hamilton, New York at Colgate University is one of the few with a Temple, open only to DKE member initiates of the Mu Chapter. The Lambda Chapter at Kenyon College built the first fraternity lodge in 1854. Delta Kappa Epsilon became an international fraternity with the addition of the Alpha Phi chapter in 1898 at the University of Toronto, Canada.

 
The Cornell chapter house is a National and Ithaca Historic Landmark

Expansion to the United Kingdom had little success. Today, ΔΚΕ chapters are located only in the United States and Canada.

Currently, Delta Kappa Epsilon has eleven colonies, or associate chapters, that include Cornell University, Ithaca; Northeastern University, Boston; University of Colorado, Boulder, University of Georgia, Athens; University of Mississippi, Oxford; University of Tennessee, Knoxville; University of Texas, Austin; University of Illinois, Springfield; Vanderbilt University, Nashville; and Washington State University, Pullman. [2]

ΔΚΕ has grown to fifty-six chapters and has initiated over 85,000 members across North America.

Southern influenceEdit

Despite traditionally selecting and installing ΔΚΕ chapters along the Eastern Seaboard, ΔΚΕ holds a strong reputation as a Southern fraternity; rightfully so, as two of the founding members were southern. Between 1845 and 1846, thirteen of the thirty-eight active members of Phi Chapter at Yale were southerners. Although Vanderbilt University, would not be founded until 1873, the Gamma Chapter of ΔΚΕ was founded in Nashville, twenty-five years prior, in 1847. Also that year, the Psi Chapter at University of Alabama and then Chi Chapter at Mississippi would firmly root Delta Kappa Epsilon as an institution steeped in southern heritage. Twenty-five years later, the Phi Gamma Chapter house at Syracuse University would harbor Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth, and William Still while seeking refuge and safe passage into Canada pursuing freedom via the Underground Railroad.

Purpose of chaptersEdit

Community service is a major focus for each chapter of ΔΚΕ, in addition to the social aspect that integrates collegiate academics with Greek system of fraternities and sororities. Chapters compete and are awarded equally on merits of leadership, chapter improvement and community service.[3] The Lion Trophy is awarded each year to the chapter with most notable achievements in each category. In 2016, the Lion Trophy was awarded to the Rho chapter at Lafayette College. In 2011, Lion Trophy winner was Psi Chapter at the University of Alabama.[4] The chapter won this award in the wake of sponsoring a food drive to help relieve the Tuscaloosa communities devastated by tornadoes that year.[5] The 2012 winner of the Lion Trophy was the University of British Columbia, and in 2013, the Lion Trophy went to both the Psi Chapter and the Iota chapter at Centre College

The Delta Kappa Epsilon Club of New YorkEdit

 
The Yale Club's main entrance on Vanderbilt Avenue, home of The Delta Kappa Epsilon Club of New York

Members of Delta Kappa Epsilon who have completed their undergraduate education are eligible for membership in The Delta Kappa Epsilon Club of New York.[6] The DKE Club was founded on May 9, 1885[7], occupying several different clubhouses throughout Midtown Manhattan[8] including 30 West 44th Street which it purchased from the Yale Club of New York City in 1916.[9] After renovations totaling $75,000, the clubhouse opened in January 1917. However just nine years later the Club relocated again when it sold the building to the Army and Navy Club of New York.[10]

Partially due to the Great Depression, in 1932, the DKE Club entered into an affiliation with the Yale Club of New York whereby members would have the same access to its clubhouse and facilities as the 11,000 members of the Yale Club itself.[11] Designed by James Gamble Rogers, the clubhouse is located at 50 Vanderbilt Avenue across from Grand Central Terminal. Upon opening its doors in 1915, the building became the largest clubhouse in the world and continues to be the largest college clubhouse in existence today.[12]

The club has often hosted dinners and other events for notable alumni members of the fraternity such as polar explorer Robert Peary (who took a Deke flag to the North Pole with him in 1909).[13]

Notable membersEdit

Delta Kappa Epsilon members have included five of forty-five Presidents of the United States.

United States presidentsEdit

Franklin D. Roosevelt was a member of the Alpha Chapter at Harvard and would be considered the sixth ΔΚE to serve as President of the United States; however, the Harvard chapter was de-recognized by ΔΚΕ International due to the chapter's stance on dual membership with other fraternities. In the election of 1876, the Republican Party chose between two ΔΚΕ members, nominating Hayes rather than rival and fellow ΔΚΕ, James G. Blaine. Blaine also ran unsuccessfully for President.

Vice presidentsEdit

Other notable alumniEdit

Many American and Canadian politicians, businessmen, sports figures, and artists have been members, including Joe Paterno, Herb Kelleher, J.P. Morgan, Jr., William Randolph Hearst, Cole Porter, Brett Kavanaugh, Ron DeSantis, Bradley Palmer, Henry Cabot Lodge, Dick Clark, Tom Landry, David Milch, and George Steinbrenner[14]. ΔKE flags were carried to the North Pole by its discoverer, Admiral Robert Peary and to the Moon by astronaut Alan Bean. During the Civil War, the first Union officer killed in battle was ΔΚΕ member Theodore Winthrop of Phi. The dying Edwin S. Rogers (Theta) of Maine was attended to by a Confederate Psi from Alabama, who observed the ΔΚΕ pin and sent it to the family.[15] During the Spanish–American War, the first American officer to be killed was a DKE member, Surgeon John B. Gibbs (Phi Chi). ΔΚΕ member J. Frank Aldritch (Psi Phi) died when the USS Maine was sunk.

Yung Wing, the first Chinese graduate from an American university in 1854, was a member of the Phi Chapter of ΔKE. Later, his citizenship was revoked and he was denied reentry to the United States by the government of Theodore Roosevelt, another member of ΔKE.

Dave Calhoun, the current CEO of Boeing is a member of the Sigma Alpa Chapter of ΔKE.

The late Dick Clark donated $1 million to the Delta Kappa Epsilon Foundation of Central New York, which handles finances for the fraternity's Syracuse chapter.[16]

ControversyEdit

In 1846, one year after establishing the Zeta Chapter at Princeton University and reportedly very unpopular with staff, chapter was kicked off campus. The chapter was reinstated six years later, only once again removed from campus and charter revoked. Only sixty-nine members were initiated during the chapter's brief existence

On June 6, 1892, a pledge was led blindfolded through the street during his fraternity initiation towards Moriarty's Cafe, a popular student hang-out. He was told to run and did so at top speed. He ran into a sharp carriage pole, injuring himself. He was rendered unconscious, but the injury was not thought to be serious at the time. He suffered an intestinal rupture and died five days later of peritonitis.[17][18][19][20]

In 1967, The New York Times reported on "frat-branding", the alleged use of a hot branding iron to make a "Δ" shaped scar on new fraternity members. The Yale chapter's then-president George W. Bush stated that they were "only cigarette burns."[21]

In 1983, Yale University banned ΔΚΕ activities allowing them to return a year later but off-campus.[22]

In New Orleans in 1987 dozens of ΔΚΕ fraternity members marched in blackface in a parade in broad daylight.[23]

In 1989, Colgate University banned all ΔΚΕ activities after the officials found members guilty of hazing, blackballing and other violations of university regulations.[24] In 2005 Colgate University barred ΔΚΕ from campus for refusing to sell its house to the school and join a new student-residence initiative. ΔΚΕ filed a lawsuit charging that the school violated its right to free association as well as antitrust laws by monopolizing the student housing market.[25] In 2006 the Supreme Court of Madison County found that the fraternity had failed to state a cause of action and that its claim was "time-barred."[26][27]

In 1989 Virginia Tech banned all ΔΚΕ activities on campus and asked the national office to revoke its charter after reports of a racially tinged hazing incident during a pledge trip to Kenyon College in Ohio surfaced on campus. After the allegations emerged the Virginia Tech administration under President James D. McComas acted swiftly and terminated the registration of DKE and ended its affiliation with the university less than a week later. Allegedly a white ΔΚΕ pledge had asked a black student at a Kenyon College party in Gambier, Ohio, if he could kiss her while another pledge photographed them. The pledge had been instructed to do something unusual during the trip and bring back photos to prove it. After friends of the woman learned of the incident, an argument ensued and the Virginia Tech pledges were escorted off the Kenyon College campus.[28] Its charter was not revoked and the DKE chapter continued to operate in its off campus house in Blacksburg despite the ban. Through the efforts of influential Virginia Tech DKE alumni and university donors, the chapter was ultimately re-instated in mid 90s.

In 1997, members of ΔΚΕ at Loyola University New Orleans and Tulane University invited students to celebrate Martin Luther King’s Birthday “with fried chicken from Popeye’s, watermelon and a ‘forty’.”[29]

In December, 2008, the University of California, Berkeley suspended recognition of the local DKE chapter for alcohol, hazing and fire safety misconduct.[30] The chapter never closed, and continued without affiliation or oversight by UC Berkeley. The national office and the alumni association maintained their association with the local chapter. Four years later, the chapter opted not to reapply for recognition by the university and continued as an independent fraternity.[31] In May 2012, during a routine patrol of the campus, the chapter was visited by the County Vice Enforcement Team. Several citations were issued for under-age drinking.[32]

In October 2010, Phi Chapter at Yale came under fire after its members shouted inflammatory and misogynistic chants at an Old Campus pledge ritual, including "No means yes. Yes means anal".[33] The chapter's president, Jordan Forney, apologized for the fraternity's conduct, characterizing it as a "lapse in judgment."[34] but Yale's feminist magazine Broad Recognition called for administrative action against the leadership of ΔΚΕ. By October 24, 2010, Dean Mary Miller of Yale College had strongly recommended to the ΔΚΕ National Executive Director, Dr. Douglas Lanpher, that the chapter at Yale be put on probation indefinitely.[35] Instead, on May 17, 2011, the chapter was suspended for five years.[36] The order barred ΔΚΕ from conducting any activities on the Yale campus during that time.[37]

In January 2011, the ΔΚΕchapter at the University of Alberta had its student group status suspended for five years after hazing video surfaced of pledges being confined in a plywood box, forced to eat vomit, and deprived of sleep, by other fraternity members. [38]

In November 2014, a ΔΚΕ colony in Edinburgh, since closed, had the minutes leaked from a meeting in March 2014 by the University of Edinburgh student newspaper, The Student. The minutes allegedly made reference to comments that joked about rape, sexual harassment, transphobia and hazing. [39] The story gained traction in both national and international media, being picked up by The Independent, The Huffington Post, and Time magazine.

In 2018 after Christine Blasey Ford accused Brett Kavanaugh of sexual assault an old photograph of the Supreme Court nominee surfaced showing two members of ΔΚΕ marching across the Yale campus, one carrying a flag made from women's underwear. Kavanaugh, who is not in the photograph, was a member of the fraternity when the photograph was taken. One of the members told the student paper that the underwear was obtained consensually, but female classmates said their rooms were ransacked by ΔΚΕ members while they were in class, saying they were "loud, entitled, pushy and creepy". [40]

In in the spring of 2018, the ΔΚΕ chapter at Virginia Tech had its student group status suspended for ten years after being found responsible for alcohol violations, hazing, interference with the student conduct process, and failure to observe rules and regulations while on deferred suspension. The Sigma Alpha chapter of DKE, the oldest fraternity at Virginia Tech, continues to operate but is not recognized by the university. The chapter is eligible to be re-instated in 2028. [41]

Following 2018 allegations of sexual misconduct during the 1980s by U.S. Supreme Court Justice, Brett Kavanaugh while he attended Yale University, some women sports teams and sororities at Yale began boycotting events hosted by the Phi Chapter of ΔΚΕ. [40]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Griffin Bartlett, Edward. "Founding of DKE". dke.org. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  2. ^ "Organizations". Retrieved 2020-07-11.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2011-08-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ http://www.dke.org/site/news/news.php&id=704 Archived 2011-08-14 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Grayson, Wayne. "Tornado relief efforts bring DKE chapter top national award".
  6. ^ "Delta Kappa Epsilon New Member Education Manual" (PDF). Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  7. ^ "A Panorama of DKE by Duncan Andrews". Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  8. ^ "More Than A Century of Joviality by Henry T. Berry, Lamda '51 (Deceased) and updated by Clint Blume, III Mu '79". Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  9. ^ "NYC Landmark Preservation Commission Landmark Designation Report "(former) Yale Club of New York, now Penn Club"" (PDF). Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  10. ^ "Daytonian in Manhattan "The 1901 Yale Club (now Penn Club) -- No. 30 West 44th Street"". Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  11. ^ "The Delta Kappa Epsilon Club of New York In residency at The Yale Club of New York City". Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  12. ^ "History of The Yale Club". Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  13. ^ "FOTW Flags Of The World website: Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity (U.S.)". Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  14. ^ https://issuu.com/dkequarterly/docs/the_deke_quarterly_9e27292f54d0e0
  15. ^ "Poem: Brothers in DKE". DKE. Archived from the original on 3 August 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  16. ^ "Dick Clark donates $1M to college frat". New York Post. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  17. ^ Nuwer, Hank (August 22, 2001). Wrongs of Passage: Fraternities, Sororities, Hazing, and Binge Drinking. Indiana University Press. ISBN 025321498X.
  18. ^ "Students' prank caused death". The Monroeville Breeze. June 9, 1892. p. 6.
  19. ^ "Much Sorrow At Yale". The Inter Ocean. June 12, 1892. p. 27.
  20. ^ Dwight, Frederick (2009). "Quarter-Century Record, Class Of 1894 Yale College". Kessinger Publishing. p. 471.
  21. ^ Maureen Dowd, Liberties; President Frat Boy?, The New York Times, April 10, 1999
  22. ^ Barbara, Michael; Toeniskoetter, Clara; Anderson, Larissa (October 2, 2018). "Kavanaugh's Classmates Speak Out". NYT (The Daily).
  23. ^ Richard Fausset and Campbell Robertson, [1], The New York Times, Feb. 8, 2019
  24. ^ Fraternity at Colgate closed for school year, Schenectady Gazette, July 27, 1989.
  25. ^ Alex Kingsbury, Say It Ain't So: Frats Gone Mild Archived 2013-05-13 at the Wayback Machine, U.S. News & World Report, November 20, 2005.
  26. ^ Whose House? Colgate's House, Inside Higher Ed, March 8, 2006/
  27. ^ Delta Kappa Epsilon Alumni Corp. v Colgate University, 2006 court decision.
  28. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/local/1989/11/18/racial-incident-leads-va-tech-to-oust-fraternity/900f79b7-64f1-4dba-85a0-5fd35ab473a7/
  29. ^ Rhoden, William C, [2]. The New York Times, JAN. 25, 1997
  30. ^ "Fraternity May Contest Recent Loss Of Affiliation". The Daily Californian. The Independent Berkeley Student Publishing Co., Inc. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  31. ^ Hunt, Chloe (22 August 2012). "UC Berkeley fraternities consider remaining unaffiliated with campus". The Daily Californian. The Independent Berkeley Student Publishing Co., Inc. Archived from the original on 23 August 2012. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  32. ^ Mehrotra, Karishma (1 August 2012). "Alameda County enforcement team issues students underage drinking citations". The Daily Californian. The Independent Berkeley Student Publishing Co., Inc. Archived from the original on 2 August 2012.
  33. ^ Amanda Raus, Offensive Chants Get Frat Boys in Trouble, NBC News Connecticut, October 15, 2010
  34. ^ Jordi Gasso, Sam Greenberg, "DKE apologizes for pledge chants" Archived 2010-11-08 at the Wayback Machine, Yale Daily News, October 15, 2010.
  35. ^ Hannah Zeavin, "The Last Straw: DKE Sponsors Hate Speech on Yale's Old Campus", Broad Recognition magazine, October 14, 2010
  36. ^ Barbara Goldberg, Ros Krasny and Tim Gaynor, "Yale punishes fraternity for sexist chanting", Reuters, May 17, 2011
  37. ^ "Yale suspends fraternity for raunchy chants", CNN, May 19, 2011
  38. ^ "University's DKE fraternity suspended - Globalnews.ca". globalnews.ca. 27 January 2011.
  39. ^ "Leaked frat minutes reveal shocking discussions of rape threats, sexual harassment, transphobia and hazing". 18 November 2014.
  40. ^ a b "The Long Decline of DKE, Brett Kavanaugh's Fraternity at Yale". The New Yorker. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  41. ^ https://roanoke.com/news/education/virginia-tech-report-stay-away-from-bad-frats/article_cfac0d69-cb19-5a1c-9814-2bae0b787267.html

External linksEdit