Delta Air Lines fleet

Delta Air Lines operates 761 commercial aircraft, making it the second largest airline fleet in the world[needs update]. In the past, Delta purchased or leased older generation aircraft and it flies aircraft for 20–30 years, much longer than most other major airlines. In 2011, however, Delta began a massive fleet-renewal effort with narrow- and wide-body aircraft on order.[1] As a result, Delta now flies the second oldest fleet amongst legacy carriers in the U.S. behind United Airlines[citation needed][original research?], with an average fleet age of 13.7 years.[2]

Many in line airplanes with the Delta Air Lines logo on the tail, parked on pavement behind a fence.
Delta Air Lines planes parked on a taxiway at Kansas City International Airport. The planes are parked due to the sharp decrease in demand for air travel from the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States.

Fleet overview

Delta's fleet consists of 772 Airbus and Boeing aircraft. 464 Boeing aircraft make up about 60% of Delta's fleet, while its 308 Airbus aircraft make about 40%. Its 643 narrow-body aircraft comprise about 83% of its fleet, while its 129 wide-body aircraft comprise the remaining 17%.

Delta operates the largest fleets of the Boeing 717, the Boeing 757, and the Boeing 767 worldwide[citation needed]. Alongside United Airlines, it is one of only two airlines worldwide operating the Boeing 767-400ER.

In 2012, Delta agreed to lease 88 Boeing 717s from Southwest, with deliveries between 2013 and 2015. It is part of the airline's fleet revamp to eliminate turboprop, replace 50-seat regional jets and DC-9s.[3]

Delta has one of the oldest fleets of any United States airline, with an average fleet age of 13.7 years as of 2020.[2] Its oldest aircraft types are the Boeing 757-200, Boeing 767-300ER, and Airbus A320-200, which have an average age of 22.9, 24.7 and 24.2 years, respectively. Its youngest aircraft types are the Boeing 737-900ER, Airbus A350-900, Airbus A321-200, Airbus A220-100, and Airbus A330-900neo, which have an average age of 3.8, 2.3, 2.1, 1.1, and 0.8 years respectively.[4]

Delta's previous fleet strategy focused on purchasing older generation or used aircraft at low cost[citation needed], but it began a large fleet renewal project with 25 A350-900 and 25 A330-900 aircraft (ordered November 2014) and its order of 95 Airbus A220 (both the -100 and -300 variant) aircraft.[5]

In September 2013, Delta ordered 30 A321, its first order with Airbus in more than two decades.[6] Delta ordered 15 more in 2014,[7] an additional 37 in 2016,[8] and 40 more in 2017.[9][10]

In addition, Delta ordered 100 A321neo aircraft in December 2017 to replace its aging McDonnell Douglas MD-80/90 series and Boeing 757s.[11] Delta primarily uses narrow-body aircraft for its domestic flights within the United States and international flights from the United States to Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean, and some European destinations. Most of its Boeing 717 aircraft are based in Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport and are mainly used for short-haul flights.[12] Its Airbus A220, Airbus A320, Boeing 737 and Boeing 757 aircraft are used for short-haul flights and medium-haul transcontinental flights, while some of its Boeing 757-200 aircraft are used on long and thin flights to Europe. Delta primarily uses its wide-body aircraft on long-haul flights to Africa, Asia, Europe, Oceania, and South America. Its Airbus A330s, Boeing 767-300ERs,[13] and Boeing 767-400ERs mainly operate on flights to Europe, while the Airbus A350-900s and Boeing 777-200s mainly operate on flights to Asia and Oceania. In September 2019, Delta Air Lines announced that it was taking a 20% stake in LATAM. As part of this deal, Delta will take over LATAM's purchase rights for 6 A350-1000 and 4 A350-900.[14]

In a memo on March 18, 2020, to company employees, Delta CEO Ed Bastian announced that as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic impact on airline operations, the company would accelerate the retirement of the remaining MD-88 and MD-90 aircraft, as well as some older Boeing 767s.[15] All the MD-88 and MD-90 aircraft were retired on June 2, 2020, with its final revenue flight from Washington-Dulles to Atlanta on MD-88 (DL88), and from Houston to Atlanta on MD-90 (DL90), becoming the last operator to fly the MD-90 and as well the last major U.S. airlines to fly the MD-88. The retirement of its MD-88s and MD-90s officially ended Delta's 80-year era of flying Douglas and McDonnell Douglas aircraft, which started in 1940 with the DC-3.[16] Furthermore, on May 14, 2020, Delta announced that the airline will be retiring its Boeing 777s as a result of the pandemic, and to further simplify its wide-body fleet in favor of the Airbus A350-900s.[17] When Delta announced its June quarter results, its plan to retire the 737-700, as well as accelerate 767-300ER and A320-200 retirements were revealed.[18]

In September 2020, Delta announced through its SEC filing its plan to retire all Boeing 717-200 and remaining Boeing 767-300ER aircraft by December 2025.[19]

Current fleet

As of October 2020, Delta Air Lines fleet consists of the following aircraft:[4][2]

Delta Air Lines fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Passengers Notes
O F PS C+ MC Total Refs
Airbus A220-100 31 14[20] 12 15 82 109 [21]
Airbus A220-300 1 49 12 30 88 130 [22][23][24] Entry into service planned for November 2020.[25]
Airbus A319-100 57 12 18 102 132 [26]
Airbus A320-200 52 16 18 123 157 [27]
Airbus A321-200 104 23[28] 20 29 142 191 [29]
Airbus A321neo 100 20 42 132 194 [30]
Airbus A330-200 11 34 32 168 234 [31] To be retrofitted with Delta One and Premium Select seats.
Airbus A330-300 31 34 40 219 293 [32]
Airbus A330-900neo 7 30[33] 29 28 56 168 281 [34]
Airbus A350-900 15 20[2] 32 48 226 306 [35] 10 orders deferred until 2025.[36]
Boeing 717-200 65 12 20 78 110 [37] To be retired by December 2025.[38]
Boeing 737-800 77 16 36 108 160 [39]
Boeing 737-900ER 130 20 21 139 180 [40]
Boeing 737 MAX 8[41] 100[41] TBA Order planned.[41]
Boeing 757-200 100 16 44 108 168 [42]
20 41 132 193
29 150 199
Boeing 757-300 16 24 32 178 234 [43]
Boeing 767-300ER 34 26 29 171 226 [44] To be retired by December 2025.[38]
36 32 143 211
Boeing 767-400ER 21 34 20 28 156 238 [45]
40 28 178 246
Boeing 777-200ER 2 28 48 90 122 288 [46] Last flight scheduled for October 31, 2020.
To be replaced by Airbus A350-900.[47]
Boeing 777-200LR 3 [48]
Total 757 236

Fleet history

Delta Air Lines past fleet
Aircraft Total Introduced Retired Replacement Notes
Airbus A310-200[49][50] 2 1991 1993 Airbus A310-300 [51]
7 Acquired as part of a deal with bankrupt Pan American World Airways included Pan Am's transatlantic operations and 45 aircraft.
Airbus A310-300 9 1991 1995 Boeing 767-300ER
14 Acquired from Pan American World Airways.
Boeing 727-100 8 1972 1977 Boeing 727-200 Acquired as a result of the merger with Northeast Airlines[52]
Boeing 727-200 163 1972 2003 Boeing 737-800
Boeing 757-200
McDonnell Douglas MD-90
Which time the airline operated the world's largest fleet of 727-200, 129 aircraft.[52]
20 Acquired as a result of the merger with Northeast Airlines.
1 Crashed as Flight 1141.
Boeing 737-200 75 1983 2006 Boeing 737 Next Generation
McDonnell Douglas MD-80
McDonnell Douglas MD-90
Boeing 737-300 31 1987 2006 Boeing 737 Next Generation
Boeing 737-700 10 2008 2020[53] Airbus A220 Family
Airbus A321-200
Airbus A321neo
Boeing 747-100 5 1970 1977[54] Lockheed L-1011 TriStar Retired due to the 1970s Oil Crisis.
Boeing 747-400 15 2009 2018 Airbus A350-900 Acquired as a result of merger with Northwest Airlines.
Last passenger 747 operated by a North American airline[55]
1 N661US ship 6301, the first 747-400 is displayed at the Delta Heritage Museum
Boeing 767-200 19 1982 2006 Boeing 757-200
Boeing 767-300
1 Named The Spirit Of Delta is displayed at the Delta Heritage Museum
Boeing 767-300 34 1986 2020 Airbus A321-200
Convair CV-340
Convair CV-440
18 1953 1970 McDonnell Douglas DC-9 Delta originally decided to buy Martin 2-0-2s but in 1951 ordered ten Convair 340s instead.
Eight Convair 440s were delivered from 1956 and Delta modified retrospectively its 340s to 440s.[56]
10 Ordered by Chicago and Southern Air Lines were delivered to Delta as a result of the merger of the two airlines in 1953.
Convair CV-880 17 1960 1973 Boeing 727-200
Curtiss C-46 Commando 5 1957 1967 Lockheed L-100 Cargo aircraft[57]
Douglas DC-3 23 1940 1960 Convair CV-340
Convair CV-440
(Passenger)
Curtiss C-46 Commando(Cargo)
Twenty-one passenger aircraft[58]
Three C-47 cargo aircraft acquired after World War II and operated between 1946 and 1957[59]
Douglas DC-6 12 1949 1968 Douglas DC-8
McDonnell Douglas DC-9
Passenger amenities included a six-person lounge in the rear of the cabin and two pairs of aft-facing seats in the forward cabin[60]
Douglas DC-7 11 1954 1968 Douglas DC-8 [61]
Douglas DC-7B 10
Douglas DC-8-11 22 1959 1981 Boeing 757-200 Delta operated the world's first scheduled DC-8 service (from New York to Atlanta) on September 18, 1959.
DC-8-11s were converted to -12s then further converted to -51s.[62]
Douglas DC-8-12
Douglas DC-8-51
Douglas DC-8-33 7 1968 1974 Boeing 747-100 Acquired from Pan American World Airways and utilized for transatlantic interline services.
Douglas DC-8-61 13 1967 1989 Boeing 757-200 Converted in-house to DC-8-71s in 1982-83[62]
Douglas DC-8-71
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-14 16 1965 1973[63] Unknown Launch customer.
1 Unknown Crashed as Flight 9570
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30 77 1967 1993[63][nb 1] Boeing 737-200
1 Crashed as Flight 723
27 2009 2010 Boeing 717-200
Bombardier CRJ700 series
Embraer 175
McDonnell Douglas MD-90
Acquired as a result of merger with Northwest Airlines
Never wore Delta livery
Fairchild Hiller FH-227 5 1972 1974 McDonnell Douglas DC-9 Acquired as a result of the merger of Delta and Northeast Airlines[64]
Lockheed L-100 Hercules 5 1966 1973 None Cargo aircraft
Retired after delivery of wide-body passenger aircraft with large under-floor cargo compartments
3 Converted to L-100-20 by Lockheed
Various of replacement aircraft leased from Lockheed during the conversion program[65]
Lockheed L-1011 TriStar 69 1973 2001 Boeing 767-400ER
1 Crashed as Flight 191
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-41 12 2010 2011 Boeing 717-200
Bombardier CRJ700 series
Embraer 175
McDonnell Douglas MD-90
Acquired as a result of merger with Northwest Airlines
Never wore Delta livery[66]
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-51 34 2010 2014 Acquired as a result of merger with Northwest Airlines[66]
McDonnell Douglas DC-10-10 5 1972 1976 Boeing 767-300
Lockheed L-1011 TriStar
Ordered in 1971 due to delays in development of the Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, sold to United before delivery then leased back by Delta
12 1987 1988 Acquired as a result of Delta's merger with Western Airlines in 1987[67]
McDonnell Douglas MD-11 17 1990 2004 Boeing 767-400ER
Boeing 777-200ER
McDonnell Douglas MD-88 120 1987 2020 Airbus A220 Family
Airbus A321-200
Airbus A321neo
McDonnell Douglas MD-90-30 78 1995 2020
  1. ^ Delta originally had DC-9-30s from 1967 to 1993. Delta sold some of its DC-9-30s back to McDonnell Douglas, which sold them to ValuJet, forming ValuJet's initial fleet. ValuJet would eventually become Delta's main Atlanta-based rival, AirTran Airways. However, Delta inherited a fleet of -30s in 2008 when it merged with Northwest Airlines. Two of these had been delivered to Delta in 1967.

References

  1. ^ "Delta's fleet renewals". Delta News Hub. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d "DAL 9.30.2020 10Q" (PDF). ir.delta.com/financials/default.aspx. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  3. ^ "Delta to take Southwest's 717s". www.cbsnews.com. AP. May 22, 2012. Retrieved October 17, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Aircraft Fleet: Delta Air Lines". www.delta.com. Delta Air Lines.
  5. ^ "Delta expands A220 order book by 5 aircraft to 95 total; TechOps signs MOU for A220 Flight Hour Services". Delta News Hub. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  6. ^ Polek, Gregory (September 4, 2013). "Delta Turns to Airbus with Order for 40 Airplanes". Aviation International News. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
  7. ^ "Delta Orders 15 More A321 Aircraft". Airways Magazine. June 2, 2014. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
  8. ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben (April 29, 2016). "Second big deal in 2 days: Delta to buy 37 more Airbus jets". USA TODAY. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
  9. ^ Russell, Edward (June 20, 2017). "Delta adds 10 incremental A321s to orderbook". Flight Global. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
  10. ^ Tribune, Aviation (May 11, 2017). "Delta to expand Airbus A321 Aircraft Order, Defer 10 A350 Deliveries". Aviation Tribune | Aviation News. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
  11. ^ Russell, Edward (December 14, 2017). "Delta picks A321neo for narrowbody replacement". Flight Global. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
  12. ^ Bihaskar, Vinay (April 28, 2016). "Delta Confirms Large Bombardier CSeries Order". Airways Magazine. Airways International. Archived from the original on November 5, 2016.
  13. ^ Levine-Weinberg, Adam (December 21, 2016). "Will Delta Air Lines, Inc.'s Widebody Fleet Renewal Boost Earnings?". The Motley Fool. Archived from the original on January 11, 2017.
  14. ^ "Delta Air Lines To Acquire LATAM Airbus A350 Aircraft,". Simple Flying. September 26, 2020.
  15. ^ "Ed Bastian memo: Delta taking additional steps to protect our future". Delta News Hub. Retrieved May 28, 2020.
  16. ^ "By the numbers: A final salute to Delta's MD-88 and MD-90 'Mad Dogs'". Delta News Hub. June 1, 2020.
  17. ^ "Delta's 777 aircraft to retire by end of 2020, simplifying widebody fleet amid COVID-19". Delta News Hub. May 14, 2020.
  18. ^ "Delta Air Lines Announces June Quarter Financial Results and Update on COVID-19 Response Actions". Delta Investor Relations. July 14, 2020. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  19. ^ "SEC filings details". September 25, 2020.
  20. ^ "Delta expands A220 order book by 5 aircraft to 95 total".
  21. ^ "Airbus A220-100 Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  22. ^ "Delta extends Airbus A220 order book to 90 total aircraft". Delta News Hub. January 9, 2019. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  23. ^ "Airbus A220-300 (223) Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs, & Amenities: Delta Air Lines". www.delta.com. Retrieved August 27, 2020.
  24. ^ Yamanouchi, Kelly (October 22, 2020). "Delta gets first U.S.-assembled Airbus A220 jet from Mobile, Alabama". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved October 25, 2020.
  25. ^ McMurtry, Ian (September 27, 2020). "Delta Sets November Entry for A220-300". AirlineGeeks.com. Retrieved October 25, 2020.
  26. ^ "Airbus A319 Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  27. ^ "Airbus A320 Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  28. ^ "Airbus Orders and Deliveries" (xls). Airbus. October 31, 2018. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  29. ^ "Airbus A321 Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  30. ^ "Delta introduces new domestic first class seats for A321neo fleet | Delta News Hub". News.delta.com. Retrieved January 30, 2020.
  31. ^ "Airbus A330-200 Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  32. ^ "Airbus A330-300 Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  33. ^ "Delta adding 2 more efficient A330-900neos to fleet". Delta News Hub. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  34. ^ "Airbus A330-900 Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  35. ^ "Airbus A350 Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  36. ^ Russell, Edward (November 16, 2018). "Delta ups A330neo order with first due in 2019". Flight Global. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
  37. ^ "Boeing 717 Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  38. ^ a b https://www.flightglobal.com/fleets/delta-to-retire-aircraft-and-take-up-to-25b-charge/140334.article
  39. ^ "Boeing 737-800 Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  40. ^ "Boeing 737-900 ER Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  41. ^ a b c Ben (April 22, 2020). "Delta Reportedly Considering Boeing 737 MAX Order". One Mile at a Time. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
  42. ^ "Boeing 757-200 Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  43. ^ "Boeing 757-300 Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  44. ^ "Boeing 767-300ER Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  45. ^ "Boeing 767-400ER Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  46. ^ "Boeing 777-200ER Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  47. ^ "Confirmed: Delta Plans Final Scheduled 777 Flight". Airline Geeks. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
  48. ^ "Boeing 777-200LR Aircraft Seat Maps, Specs & Amenities". www.delta.com. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  49. ^ "COMPANY NEWS; Pratt Engines Are Selected For Delta's Big Airbus Order." The New York Times.
  50. ^ "Orders & Deliveries Archived September 7, 2009, at the Wayback Machine." Airbus.
  51. ^ "Airbus A310". Delta Museum. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  52. ^ a b "Boeing 727". Delta Museum. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  53. ^ "Delta Retires Final Eight Boeing 737-700s". Airline Geeks. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  54. ^ "Aircraft By Type". Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  55. ^ Ostrower, Jon (January 5, 2018). "Final flight for last US passenger airline 747". CNN Travel.
  56. ^ "Convair 340". Delta Museum. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  57. ^ "Curtiss C-46". Delta Museum. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  58. ^ "Douglas DC-3". Delta Museum. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  59. ^ "Douglas C-47". Delta Museum. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  60. ^ "Douglas DC-6". Delta Museum. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  61. ^ "Douglas DC-7". Delta Museum. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  62. ^ a b "Douglas DC-8". Delta Museum. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  63. ^ a b "Aircraft By Type". Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  64. ^ "Fairchild-Hiller-FH-227B". Delta Museum. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  65. ^ "Lockheed L-100". Delta Museum. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  66. ^ a b "Douglas DC-9". Delta Museum. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  67. ^ "McDonnell Douglas DC-10". Delta Museum. Retrieved April 8, 2019.

Further reading