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Defence of India Act, 1939

The Defence of India Act, 1939 (No.35) was an Act passed by the Central Legislature on the 29th day of September, 1939 which effectively declared martial law in India. Although it was enacted on 29 September 1939 it was deemed to come into force from 3 September 1939, the day when the Second World War began. It provided the Viceroy to make rules for the safety of British India and to provide punishments in case of any contraventions which included that of death or transportation for life if the intent was to assist any State at war with His Majesty or that of waging war against His Majesty. It provided for Special Courts against whose verdict nobody can appeal from, and these Courts may decide to hold the trial in camera. It also provided for the acquisition of land for purposes of defence and it provided compensation for the land acquired. It expired six months after the termination of the war and was ultimately repealed by the Repealing and Amending Act, 1947 (Act II of 1948).

Defence of India Act,1939
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An Act to provide for special measures to ensure the public safety and interest and the defence of British India and for the trial of certain offences.
Citation Act No. XXXV of 1939
Territorial extent Whole of British India
Enacted by The Governor-General in Council
Date enacted 29 September 1939
Date commenced 3 September 1939
Repealing legislation
Repealed by Act II of 1948

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