Deeside (Welsh: Glannau Dyfrdwy) is the name given to a predominantly industrial conurbation of towns and villages in Flintshire and Cheshire on the Wales–England border lying near the canalised stretch of the River Dee that flows from neighbouring Chester into the Dee Estuary. These include Connah's Quay, Shotton, Queensferry, Aston, Garden City, Sealand, Broughton, Bretton, Hawarden, Ewloe, Mancot, Pentre, Saltney and Sandycroft. The population is around 50,000, with a plurality (17,500) living in Connah's Quay.
Map of the Deeside built-up area with subdivisions
|Population||53,568 (2011 census)|
Deeside is known for its industry, providing jobs for the people of Cheshire, Merseyside & North Wales. The biggest employment area in Deeside is Deeside Industrial Park, located on the north bank of the Dee on the southern edge of the Wirral peninsula, which has both historical and contemporary significance, and provides Deeside and the surrounding area with jobs in many different industries from construction to food production. Deeside is also home to steel manufacturer Tata Steel and Toyota's highly advanced engine manufacturing plant.
Shotton's history dates back around 1000 years to Saxon times. Various settlements within the Deeside area are recorded in the Domesday book (1086) which list them within the Cheshire Hundred of Ati's Cross. They are Aston, Broughton, Clayton, Hawarden, Golftyn and Wepre. The largest of these was Hawarden with 14 households.
As a border region, the Deeside area was subject to frequent conflict between the Welsh and the English in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. In the Battle of Ewloe in 1157, Owain Gwynedd inflicted a notable defeat on the forces of Henry II. Ewloe Castle was built by Llywelyn the Great in the early thirteenth century to secure the area. Llywelyn's son and successor, Dafydd ap Llywelyn, was borne in nearby Coleshill in 1212.
Until industrialisation in the nineteenth century, Shotton remained a cluster of hamlets: a settlement comprising Shotton, Nine Houses and Shotton Hall, which itself dates back to 1637. Coal mining developed in the eighteenth century, then in 1889 the opening of the Hawarden Railway Bridge over the River Dee improved access to the reclaimed Dee Marshes. Following this, in 1895, the Summers family purchased 40 acres (160,000 m2) of Dee marshland, on which they established Shotton Steelworks.
In September 1896, Shotton Steelworks began producing sheet steel. The development of this steelworks on the banks of the River Dee changed an area that was once mainly marshland, with Shotton – just across the Dee – previously little more than a hamlet. Shotton Steelworks led to the development of whole communities to house the influx of workers, estimated up to 13,000 at the height of the industry, with Shotton and Connah's Quay Jetty hubs of activity serving the steelworks. There were also brickworks and other industries in and around Shotton, and Connah's Quay developed as a town on the banks of the Dee Estuary, becoming known for its shipbuilding industry.
Primary schools in the area include: Ewloe Green Primary, Well House Primary School, Bryn Deva Primary, Wepre Primary, Ysgol Cae'r Nant (Brookfield Primary), Golftyn Primary, Venerable Edward Morgan, Sealand County Primary, Sandycroft County Primary, St Ethelwold's Primary School, and most importantly, Queenferry County Primary School.
Secondary schools in the area include: Connah's Quay High School (Connah's Quay), Elfed School (Buckley), John Summers High School (Queensferry) which closed on 20 July 2017, and St David's High School (Saltney).
Coleg Cambria is a large and popular college in Connah's Quay. It offers a range of full and part-time courses as well as apprenticeships. In an inspection in 2007 the college gained the highest possible grade 1 inspection ratings for its work-based learning provision. The college was formed in August 2013 through a merger between Deeside College and Yale College Wrexham; it is now one of the largest colleges in the UK and the largest in Wales.
Bus travel in Deeside is mainly provided by Arriva North West who offer services to Chester Bus Exchange from a starting point in Connah's Quay. Arriva also provide a service to Rhyl in North Wales from Chester which passes through parts of Deeside. Senior citizens are entitled to free public transport to and from Chester.
Arriva provide Train services in the Deeside area. The main services are to Liverpool and Manchester and to Wrexham and Rhyl. There are also services to London and Cardiff which call at Shotton railway station. The other three railway stations in Deeside are Shotton high level railway station, Hawarden railway station and Hawarden Bridge railway station. A new station serving Deeside Industrial Estate has been proposed and is currently in the planning stages.
The Deeside Shuttle BusEdit
The Deeside Shuttle Bus is a service which enables people to travel to and from work at a time convenient to them. The Deeside Shuttle Bus allows local residents to book a seat on the bus at a time and place specified by them, which will take them to work on Deeside Industrial Park. It has proved very popular and has now grown to serve other local areas.
The most striking landmark in Deeside is the fixed cable-stayed bridge, which was opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 1998. The bridge is known as the Flintshire Bridge but is commonly referred to by locals as the "New Bridge". The industrial park has been used as the base and the service area of the Wales Rally GB every year since 2013.
The Deeside area is covered by both the Moel-y-Parc and the Winter Hill transmitters. The area receives BBC Wales and BBC North West and ITV Wales and ITV Granada although the North West services generally do not provide news coverage of events on the Welsh side of the border.
Deeside.com is an online news and information website covering the Deeside area, it is a founder member of the Independent Community News Network (ICNN) the UK representative body for the independent community and hyperlocal news sector
Notable people from DeesideEdit
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- William Ewart Gladstone, 19th century Prime Minister of the United Kingdom lived in Hawarden (following his marriage to Catherine Glynne) from 1839 until his death in 1898.
- Ann Keen, MP for Brentford and Isleworth, born in Hawarden.
- Craig Lawton, Left winger currently playing for Cymru Alliance League side Bala Town F.C., formerly of Manchester United.
- Angus McLean, former manager of Hartlepool United F.C..
- Grenville Millington, Chester City F.C. player.
- Michael Owen, England and Liverpool F.C. footballer.
- Gary Speed, former footballer for Wales, Leeds United FC and Everton FC.
- Henry Weale, Victoria Cross recipient who fought in the First World War
- Deeside is made up of the parish of Connah's quay as well as 13 other wards that cover other parts of the conurbation, all of these wards are listed below http://www.ukcensusdata.com/flintshire-w06000005#sthash.EAxGuY47.VfAXHJ3D.dpbs
- BBC (14 December 2005), Wales, North East: Deeside (panoramic), retrieved 26 April 2010
- "Map showing location of Deeside, Wales". Google maps. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "Deeside history", The Flintshire Chronicle, 8 August 2008, retrieved 26 April 2010
- "Census 2001 Key Statistics – Urban areas in England and Wales KS01 Usual resident population". Office for National Statistics. 2001. Retrieved 7 June 2012. Estimate formed from population of Connah's Quay/Shotton plus Broughton and Saltney which are the welsh parts of the Chester Urban Area
- BBC, North East Wales: A Pen Picture, retrieved 26 April 2010
- Norry, Roy (16 March 2010), The History of Shotton – Deeside, North Wales in pictures and text, archived from the original on 3 March 2016, retrieved 26 April 2010
- Atkinson, Keith (4 January 2006), "1. Shotton From Saxon Times", The History of Shotton – Deeside, retrieved 26 April 2010
- Powell-Smith, Anna. "Hawarden - Domesday Book".
- Atkinson, Keith (4 January 2006), "2. Shotton from the 13th Century", The History of Shotton – Deeside, retrieved 26 April 2010
- Atkinson, Keith (4 January 2006), "4. Shotton Hall", The History of Shotton – Deeside, retrieved 26 April 2010
- BBC (10 June 2009), North East Wales: Shotton Steelworks and Garden City, retrieved 25 April 2010
- BBC (17 March 2009), North East Wales: Steelworks' Jetty, retrieved 25 April 2010
- Hemming, Jez (27 April 2017). "Plans for four new North Wales railway stations take 'significant step forward'". northwales. Retrieved 4 November 2017.