Deepdene House and Gardens

Deepdene was an estate and country house occupying land to the southeast of Dorking, Surrey, England.[1][2] The remains of the gardens are Grade II* listed with the adjoining Chart Park on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.[3]

Deepdene House in 1842

History of the estateEdit

A hillside manor that descended from earlier Earls of Surrey throughout the Middle Ages to the 23rd Earl of Arundel and Surrey who became the 5th Duke of Norfolk in 1652, it was sold by his descendant the 11th Duke of Norfolk in 1807 to the Hope banking family. Its descent was not straightforward; the family successfully put forward an acceptable stance and level of regal support in the Wars of the Roses, English Reformation and Marian Persecutions, the English Civil War and avoided the ravages of Popish Plot Anti-Catholicism which plagued five years of the reign of Charles II of England such as resulted in the execution of close kinsman William Howard, 1st Viscount Stafford.[4]

The Duke of Norfolk of this family is today one of two people to be guaranteed a seat in the House of Lords, whose family arms appears in the chamber and who has mostly ceremonial roles he is expected to perform, rather than to speak in debates.[5]

At the height of the regency architecture period the house was remodelled by the architect, William Atkinson for banker and celebrated interior designer Thomas Hope, work that completed in 1823; he also developed the grounds in a particular picturesque style.[6] The house was occupied by his son, the MP Henry Hope from c. 1840.[7]

Between 1836 and 1841 the house was again remodelled, by the architect Alexander Roos, in the form of a great Roman villa.[8]

Latter occupants and demolitionEdit

It was let, for a while to Lord William Beresford VC and his wife Lilian, formerly Duchess of Marlborough. Deepdene was placed into receivership and sold in 1917. It became a hotel during the inter-war years. During the Second World War it became the home of various offices of the Southern Railway Company mainly the Chief Accounts office which was 'temporarily' evacuated there from London.[9]

Deepdene House was demolished by British Rail in 1967, and in 1969 replaced by an office block designed by architects Scherrer & Hicks.[10] The site has since been redeveloped as a green office estate, and partly sold for private development. Pevsner summed up the demise of Hope's masterpiece as a "disgraceful and depressing story".[11]

Remnant gardens and Dorking Golf CourseEdit

 
Deepdene Gardens

The gardens were laid out by Thomas Howard, 5th Duke of Norfolk.[3] The horticulturalist and planner John Claudius Loudon praised the gardens as an exemplar of landscape architecture, one of the earliest uses of that phrase. A large minority of the gardens remain, which have been retained as features visible from the clubhouse to complement the holes and rough of Dorking Golf Course. Parts of the garden have been sold for residential homes and gardens.[3] A project has recently restored and re-linked remaining parts of the garden and opened the Deepdene Trail to the public.[12]

The Deepdene PainterEdit

Thomas Hope (1769-1831), who lived in the house in the 1820s, was a major collector of, among other things, Ancient Greek pottery. Sir John Beazley, who classified Attic black-figure pottery and red-figure pottery, named an otherwise anonymous painter the "Deepdene Painter" after an amphora that was in the collection of Deepdene House. This name-vase passed from the Hope Collection at Deepdene to the Honorable Marshall Brooks at Tarporley and thence to William Randolph Hearst, who donated the amphora to the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, where it has the accession number 50.8.21.[13]

 
Obverse of the red-figure amphora attributed to the Deepdene Painter.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Green, L (1974). Lindus Forge, JW (ed.). "Obituaries of Buildings: The Deepdene" (PDF). Surrey Archaeological Collections. 70: 131–133. doi:10.5284/1069025. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  2. ^ Mercer, D (1977). "The Deepdene, Dorking - Rise and Decline Through Six Centuries" (PDF). Surrey Archaeological Collections. 71: 111–138. doi:10.5284/1069034. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Historic England, "The Deepdene (including Chart Park) (1000143)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 21 August 2017
  4. ^ "Howard, William, Viscount Stafford (1612–1680), nobleman | Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". www.oxforddnb.com. Retrieved 2020-02-18.
  5. ^ "Register of Hereditary Peers Report". UK Parliament. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  6. ^ Riddy, Paula (2016). "The Guidebook and the Picturesque: Thomas Hope and the Deepdene". Georgian Group Journal. XXIV: 159–180.
  7. ^ "Hope Springs Eternal". Archived from the original on 2012-04-19. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
  8. ^ "Alexander Roos". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  9. ^ Historic England. "The Mausoleum to the Hope Family (1028891)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  10. ^ Robinson, John Martin. Felling the Ancient Oaks.
  11. ^ Nairn, Ian; Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (1971). Surrey. Penguin. ISBN 978-0140710212.
  12. ^ "Hope Springs Eternal Project".
  13. ^ "Amphora with Athena Pouring Wine for Herakles, and a Woman Pouring Wine for Dionysos". Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Retrieved 2 April 2020.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 51°13′49″N 00°19′19″W / 51.23028°N 0.32194°W / 51.23028; -0.32194