The deep artery of the thigh (also known as profunda femoris artery, or deep femoral artery) is a large branch of the femoral artery. It travels more deeply ("profundly") than the rest of the femoral artery. It gives rise to the lateral circumflex femoral artery and medial circumflex femoral artery, and the perforating arteries, terminating within the thigh.
|Deep artery of the thigh|
|Branches||Lateral femoral circumflex|
Medial femoral circumflex
|Vein||profunda femoris vein|
|Latin||arteria profunda femoris|
It travels down the thigh closer to the femur than the femoral artery. It runs between the pectineus muscle and the adductor longus muscle. It runs on the posterior side of adductor longus muscle. It pierces the adductor magnus muscle, and may be known as the fourth perforating artery as it continues. The deep femoral artery does not leave the thigh; terminating as perforating tissue branches within the thigh.
The deep artery of the thigh gives off the following branches:
- Lateral circumflex femoral artery.
- Medial circumflex femoral artery.
- 3 perforating arteries that perforate the adductor magnus muscle to the posterior and medial compartments of the thigh to connect with the branches of the popliteal artery behind the knee.
- Ginzburg, Enrique; Chong, Chee Kiong; Rich, Norman M. (2008-01-01), Asensio, JUAN A.; Trunkey, DONALD D. (eds.), "Vascular Anatomy of the Extremities", Current Therapy of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Philadelphia: Mosby, pp. 467–472, doi:10.1016/b978-0-323-04418-9.50066-7, ISBN 978-0-323-04418-9, retrieved 2021-02-18
- Swift, Hilary; Bordoni, Bruno (2022), "Anatomy, Bony Pelvis and Lower Limb, Femoral Artery", StatPearls, Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing, PMID 30855850, retrieved 2023-01-11
- Profunda femoris deep femoral artery at the Duke University Health System's Orthopedics program
- Anatomy figure: 12:04-03 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Arteries of the lower extremity shown in association with major landmarks."
- Cross section image: pelvis/pelvis-e12-15—Plastination Laboratory at the Medical University of Vienna
- MedEd at Loyola grossanatomy/dissector/labs/le/ant_th_leg/main.html
- antthigh at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (femoralart)