Deep artery of the thigh

(Redirected from Deep femoral artery)

The deep artery of the thigh (also known as profunda femoris artery, or deep femoral artery) is a large branch of the femoral artery. It travels more deeply ("profundly") than the rest of the femoral artery. It gives rise to the lateral circumflex femoral artery and medial circumflex femoral artery, and the perforating arteries, terminating within the thigh.

Deep artery of the thigh
Thigh arteries.png
The Deep femoral artery (labeled at right center) and other major arteries seen on right thigh, anterior view.
Structures surrounding right hip-joint.
Sourcefemoral artery
BranchesLateral femoral circumflex
Medial femoral circumflex
Veinprofunda femoris vein
Latinarteria profunda femoris
Anatomical terminology



The deep artery of the thigh branches off the posterolateral side of the femoral artery soon after its origin.[1]


It travels down the thigh closer to the femur than the femoral artery. It runs between the pectineus muscle and the adductor longus muscle. It runs on the posterior side of adductor longus muscle.[1] It pierces the adductor magnus muscle, and may be known as the fourth perforating artery as it continues.[1] The deep femoral artery does not leave the thigh;[citation needed] terminating as perforating tissue branches within the thigh.[2]


The deep artery of the thigh gives off the following branches:


The deep artery of the thigh is the main supply of oxygenated blood to the thigh.[1]

The medial circumflex femoral artery is distributes to the adductor group (adductor longus, magnus, and brevis), gracilis, and pectineus. It also supplies the femoral head and neck.[2]

The lateral circumflex femoral artery supplies muscles of the knee extensor group (vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius, and rectus femoris).[2]

The perforating arteries supply the hamstring muscles (semitendinosus, semimembranosus, and biceps femoris).[2]

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  This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 629 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ a b c d e f Ginzburg, Enrique; Chong, Chee Kiong; Rich, Norman M. (2008-01-01), Asensio, JUAN A.; Trunkey, DONALD D. (eds.), "Vascular Anatomy of the Extremities", Current Therapy of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Philadelphia: Mosby, pp. 467–472, doi:10.1016/b978-0-323-04418-9.50066-7, ISBN 978-0-323-04418-9, retrieved 2021-02-18
  2. ^ a b c d e f Swift, Hilary; Bordoni, Bruno (2022), "Anatomy, Bony Pelvis and Lower Limb, Femoral Artery", StatPearls, Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing, PMID 30855850, retrieved 2023-01-11

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