Deconica coprophila, commonly known as the dung-loving psilocybe, meadow muffin mushroom,[2] or dung demon, is a species of mushroom in the family Strophariaceae. First described as Agaricus coprophilus by Jean Baptiste François Pierre Bulliard in 1793,[3] it was transferred to the genus Psilocybe by Paul Kummer in 1871.[4] In the first decade of the 2000s, several molecular studies showed that the Psilocybe was polyphyletic,[5][6][7] and the non-bluing (non-hallucinogenic) species were transferred to Deconica.[8]

Deconica coprophila
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Strophariaceae
Genus: Deconica
D. coprophila
Binomial name
Deconica coprophila
(Bull.) P.Karst (1821)

Agaricus coprophilus Bull. (1793)
Psilocybe coprophila (Bull.) P.Kumm. (1871) Stropharia coprophila (Bull.) J.E. Lange (1936)

It can grow on cattle dung.[9]

While non-toxic, the species is not a good edible mushroom.[10]

Despite the common name of the 'dung-loving psilocybe', this species does not contain psilocybin and has no psychedelic properties.


Deconica coprophila
 Gills on hymenium
 Cap is convex
   Hymenium is adnate or decurrent
 Stipe is bare
Spore print is purple-brown
 Ecology is saprotrophic
 Edibility is unknown
  1. ^ "Psilocybe coprophila (Bull.) P. Kumm. 1871". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2010-11-21.
  2. ^ Arora, David (1986). Mushrooms demystified: a comprehensive guide to the fleshy fungi (Second ed.). Berkeley: Ten Speed Press. ISBN 978-0-89815-169-5.
  3. ^ Bulliard JBF. (1793). Histoire des champignons de la France (in French). Vol. 2. p. 243.
  4. ^ Kummer P. (1871). Der Führer in die Pilzkunde (in German) (1 ed.). p. 71.
  5. ^ Moncalvo JM, Vilgalys R, Redhead SA, Johnson JE, James TY, Catherine AM, Hofstetter V, Verduin SJ, Larsson E, Baroni TJ, Greg Thorn R, Jacobsson S, Clémençon H, Miller OK Jr (2002). "One hundred and seventeen clades of euagarics". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 23 (3): 357–400. doi:10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00027-1. PMID 12099793.
  6. ^ Nugent KG, Saville BJ (2004). "Forensic analysis of hallucinogenic fungi: a DNA-based approach". Forensic Science International. 140 (2–3): 147–57. doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2003.11.022. PMID 15036436.
  7. ^ Matheny PB, Curtis JM, Hofstetter V, Aime MC, Moncalvo JM, Ge ZW, Slot JC, Ammirati JF, Baroni TJ, Bougher NL, Hughes KW, Lodge DJ, Kerrigan RW, Seidl MT, Aanen DK, DeNitis M, Daniele GM, Desjardin DE, Kropp BR, Norvell LL, Parker A, Vellinga EC, Vilgalys R, Hibbett DS (2006). "Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview" (PDF). Mycologia. 98 (6): 982–95. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.982. PMID 17486974.
  8. ^ Norvell L. (2009). "Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Fungi: 15" (PDF). Mycotaxon. 110: 487–92. doi:10.5248/110.487. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 31, 2012.
  9. ^ Pauline, N'Douba Amako; Claude, Kouassi Kouadio; Clovis, Koffi N'Dono Boni; Allal, Douira; Koutoua, Ayolié (2022). "Coprophilous fungi of Daloa city: New species for the fungal flora of Côte d'Ivoire" (PDF). GSC Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 20 (3): 251–260. doi:10.30574/gscbps.2022.20.3.0362.
  10. ^ Miller Jr., Orson K.; Miller, Hope H. (2006). North American Mushrooms: A Field Guide to Edible and Inedible Fungi. Guilford, CN: FalconGuide. p. 250. ISBN 978-0-7627-3109-1.