Death of Alexis Martínez

Alexis Martínez (died December 24, 2009) was an orca trainer at Loro Parque’s Orca Ocean in the Canary Islands, who was killed by a SeaWorld-owned orca, Keto.[1][2]

Alexis Martínez
Died(2009-12-24)December 24, 2009

BackgroundEdit

Loro Parque (Spanish for "parrot park") is a zoo located on the outskirts of Puerto de la Cruz in Tenerife. The park has the world's largest indoor penguin exhibition and the longest shark tunnel in Europe and is one of only two parks in Europe to house killer whales.[3]

In 2004 and 2005, before the first four orcas were brought to Loro Parque, eight animal trainers from the park were sent to SeaWorld parks in Texas and Florida for training. Four SeaWorld orcas were delivered by wide-body cargo plane in February 2006, and various SeaWorld staff occasionally traveled to Loro Parque.[1] Regular contact was maintained at several levels, such as remote monitoring capability via Orca Ocean's video surveillance system.[1] By December 2009, SeaWorld had leased four killer whales to Loro Parque.[2]

Alexis Martinez, age 29, had worked at Loro Parque since 2004. He was killed during a Christmas show rehearsal when he was attacked by one of the orcas, Keto.

Keto pulled Alexis under water and then rammed him in his chest. He died of massive internal bleeding and injuries. [2]:Tr. 408

From this date, the trainers have not entered the water with the orcas during live shows.

DeathEdit

The park initially characterized the death as an "accident" and claimed that the body showed no signs of violence, but the subsequent autopsy report stated that Martinez died due to grave injuries sustained by an orca attack, including multiple compression fractures, tears to vital organs, and the bite marks of the animal on his body.[4]

According to an Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission Decision and Order in 2012, Keto was not responding to the operant conditioning signals given:[2]

On December 24, 2009, exactly two months before Tilikum killed Dawn Brancheau, Loro Parque trainer (Alexis Martínez) was working with Keto, a killer whale owned by SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. During a training session, Keto pulled Alexis under water and then rammed him in his chest. A. M. died of massive internal bleeding (Tr. 408).[2]

A SeaWorld employee described the 21 event in an incident report. After Keto failed to perform a number of behaviors correctly, Alexis and Keto were floating on the surface of the pool: Keto came up with [Alexis.] and appeared calm but did appear to position himself between [Alexis] and the stage. [Alexis] waited for calmness from Keto and asked for a stage call (underwater tone). Keto responded and was received at stage by Brian. . . . Brian instructed [Alexis] to swim out (toward the slideover). When [Alexis] commenced swimming (sculling) Keto began leaning toward him. Brian attempted another hand target but Keto left control and engaged [Alexis] by pushing him to the bottom with his rostrum. Brian observed the intensity of the situation and decided to initiate a hand slap. Keto did not respond. Brian tapped the bucket, then hand slapped again. It appeared Keto responded, came to the surface for a breath. The alarm was sounded. Keto immediately after taking a breath returned to [Alexis] and then resurfaced near stage with [Alexis] on his rostrum and with his mouth closed. (Exh. C-6, p. 2725). Keto released A. M., who sank to the bottom of the pool. Mr. Rokeach and the Loro Parque trainers were eventually able to get Keto to enter another pool, where Keto could be isolated while Alexis’ body was recovered. While the gate was closing Keto began to play with it, keeping it open. After trainers released a net into the pool, Keto allowed the gate to close. Mr. Rokeach entered the stage pool and retrieved Alexis' body from the bottom.[2]

SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment temporarily suspended waterwork in all of its parks immediately following Alexis' death, then resumed waterwork shortly afterwards. Loro Parque ceased (apparently permanently) all waterwork with killer whales (Tr. 563-564).[2]

During the local investigation into the death of Alexis Martinez, it came to light that the park had also mischaracterized to the public a 2007 incident with Tekoa, the other male, and claimed it was also an accident rather than an attack.[5]

SafetyEdit

The Canary Islands Ministry of Work and Immigration asserts that water work with orcas is an “inherently risky activity”, the main risk being “precisely in the interaction with an animal that weighs more than three thousand kilos and is also in its natural environment (water)”. It asserts that the only preventive action is a simple one: “prohibition of the activity.”[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Zimmermann T. Blood in the Water. Outside. Jul 15, 2011. [1] (Article includes Martínez and Brancheau photographed together at Loro Parque, in September 2006; a video clip of Martínez in a full water show is embedded in the source.)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission OSHRC, Docket No. 10-1705, Secretary of Labor v. SeaWorld of Florida, LLC. [2] Archived 2012-09-15 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Loro Parque Website" Loro Parque. Retrieved February 16, 2009. Archived February 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ M. Á. Montero / Santa Cruz De Tenerife. "La orca "Keto" sí atacó y causó la muerte de Alexis, el adiestrador del Loro Parque". ABC.es. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  5. ^ Moisés Á. Montero / Puerto De La Cruz. "Uno de los responsables de las orcas reconoce la "agresión" de "Tekoa" en 2007". ABC.es. Retrieved April 29, 2014.