Dead Again is a 1991 American romantic thriller film written by Scott Frank and directed by Kenneth Branagh. It stars Branagh and his then-wife Emma Thompson, and co-stars Andy García, Derek Jacobi, Wayne Knight, and Robin Williams.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Kenneth Branagh|
|Produced by||Lindsay Doran|
|Written by||Scott Frank|
|Music by||Patrick Doyle|
|Cinematography||Matthew F. Leonetti|
|Edited by||Peter E. Berger|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$38,016,380 (US)|
Dead Again was a moderate box office success and was positively received by the majority of critics. Jacobi was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role, and Patrick Doyle, who composed the film's music, was nominated for a Golden Globe for Best Original Score.
Newspapers detail the 1949 murder of Margaret Strauss (Emma Thompson), who was stabbed during a robbery; her anklet is missing. Her husband, composer Roman Strauss (Kenneth Branagh), is found guilty of the crime and condemned to death. Before his execution, Roman is visited by reporter Gray Baker (Andy Garcia). Asked if he killed Margaret, Roman appears to whisper something in Gray's ear; Baker does not disclose Roman's answer.
Forty years later, private detective Mike Church (Branagh) investigates the identity of a woman who has appeared at the orphanage where he grew up. She has amnesia, cannot speak and has nightmares. Mike takes her in and asks his friend, Pete Dugan (Wayne Knight), to publish her picture and his contact information. Antiques dealer and hypnotist Franklyn Madson (Derek Jacobi) approaches Mike, suggesting that hypnosis may help her recover her memory.
When the session is unsuccessful, Madson suggests that they experiment with past life regression. Mike is skeptical, but the woman details Margaret and Roman's lives in third person, from courtship to their wedding. When the session ends, she can speak but still has amnesia. Madson shows them Life magazine articles covering the murder; Mike and the woman bear a striking resemblance to Roman and Margaret. Mike visits disgraced psychiatrist Cozy Carlisle (Robin Williams), who insists that they continue to see Madson; delving into the problems between Margaret and Roman may resolve her amnesia.
Mike nicknames the woman "Grace", and falls in love with her. Doug (Campbell Scott) appears and claims that Grace is his fiancée Katherine, but Mike discovers he is lying and chases him away. Hypnotized, Grace remembers that Roman suffers from writer's block and is broke. He believes that Margaret is flirting with Baker, whom she met on their wedding day. Margaret cannot convince Roman that she is faithful and catches Frankie, the son of their housekeeper Inga, looking through her jewelry box. She asks Roman to dismiss them but Roman refuses, saying that they saved his life in Nazi Germany.
Grace sees Mike standing over Margaret with scissors, and is convinced he intends to kill her. Mike insists that he would never hurt her, but when he accidentally calls her "Margaret", he agrees to let Madson regress him. During his regression, he realizes he was Margaret and that Grace was actually Roman, but is unable to tell Madson or Grace this revelation.
Dugan tells Mike that he has identified Grace as artist Amanda Sharp. Amanda, still afraid of Mike, accompanies Pete and Madson to her apartment; her artwork focuses on scissors. Madson gives her a gun to protect herself from Mike. Mike visits Baker in a nursing home and asks him about Roman's secret, but Baker insists that Roman said nothing to him. Baker is convinced that Roman did not kill his wife and urges Mike to find Inga, who would know what happened.
Mike realizes that Madson is Frankie; he questions Inga, who explains that she declared her love for Roman, but he rebuffed her advances. Frankie blamed Margaret for his mother's unhappiness and killed her with scissors; he then stole her anklet. Roman stumbled in, and was found covered in his wife's blood and holding the murder weapon. After Roman's execution, Inga brought Frankie to London; he learned about hypnotherapy and past-life regression. After returning to Los Angeles, Frankie was convinced that Margaret's spirit would seek revenge. When he saw Amanda's picture in the paper, he knew she has returned. He hired Doug, an actor, to separate Mike and Amanda and distract Amanda while he waited to kill her. Inga apologizes for her role in Margaret's death, and gives Mike the anklet. After Mike leaves to find Amanda, Madson smothers Inga with a pillow.
Mike tries to tell Amanda the truth; terrified, she shoots him. Madson arrives, revealing his true identity; Amanda tries to shoot him as well, but the gun jams and he knocks her out. He puts the scissors he used to kill Margaret in Mike's hand and tries to make it look like Amanda killed him and committed suicide. Mike wakes up and stabs Madson in the leg with the scissors. In the ensuing struggle, Mike grabs the gun from Madson, but Pete, arriving, misconstrues the scene and tackles Mike, causing him to drop the gun. As Madson reaches for it, Amanda stabs him in the back with the scissors. In a berserk rage, Madson pulls the scissors out and charges at Mike, but inadvertently falls onto one of Amanda's scissors sculptures, fatally impaling himself. Mike and Amanda then embrace, which is shown beside Margaret and Roman together.
- Kenneth Branagh as Mike Church/Roman Strauss
- Emma Thompson as Amanda Sharp/"Grace"/Margaret Strauss
- Andy García as Gray Baker
- Derek Jacobi as Franklyn Madson
- Wayne Knight as "Piccolo" Pete Dugan
- Robin Williams as Dr. Cozy Carlisle
- Hanna Schygulla as Inga
- Campbell Scott as Doug
- Jo Anderson as Sister Madeleine
- Lois Hall as Aister Constance
- Richard Easton as Father Timothy
- Gregor Hesse as Frankie
- Vasek Simek as Otto Kline
- Christine Ebersole as Lydia Larson
- Raymond Cruz as supermarket clerk
The movie was filmed entirely in color. After test screenings, it was decided to use black and white for the "past" sequences to help clear up audience confusion. The final frame, once the mystery is solved, blooms from black and white to color. The negative of the final frame was flipped to match the present day lovers to the doomed 1940s newlyweds they embodied; i.e., Margaret dissolves into Mike, and Roman dissolves into Grace.
When the audience first meets Mike Church, he is seated in his Corvette, which is parked on the wrong side of the street. While it may seem that this is because Branagh is from the United Kingdom (where cars are driven on the left-hand side of the road), it is actually because behind him are a number of skyscrapers that he, as the director, wanted included in the background.
In addition to the dual roles played by Branagh and Thompson, actress Jo Anderson and the film's composer Patrick Doyle both play small dual parts, appearing in the present-day and 1940s sequences. Both are examples of karmic fate. Anderson's character rudely dismisses Roman at a party; in the present, she is a nun. Doyle's character is seen acting up drunkenly at the same party; in the present, he is a police officer.
Branagh has said that at the time he made this film (and still, to some extent) he was very interested in the technique of uninterrupted takes, and several can be seen throughout the movie. The first hypnosis sequence at the Laughing Duke features an extremely complicated camera shot in 360 degrees, which involved a great deal of precise timing and technical faculty. Branagh noted that this relatively short scene was shot perhaps fifteen times, taking all day.
According to the director's commentary on the DVD edition of the movie, the film has numerous in-jokes. For instance, a date seen in one of the newspaper clippings is actually Branagh's birthday, and Roman Strauss' prisoner number is the date of the Battle of Agincourt. (Branagh's previous film, 1989's Henry V, launched his career as a director.)
Chicago Sun-Times film critic Roger Ebert gave the film a glowing four star review, drawing comparisons to the works of Orson Welles and Alfred Hitchcock, stating, "Dead Again is Kenneth Branagh once again demonstrating that he has a natural flair for bold theatrical gesture. If Henry V, the first film he directed and starred in, caused people to compare him to Olivier, Dead Again will inspire comparisons to Welles and Hitchcock - and the Olivier of Hitchcock's Rebecca. I do not suggest Branagh is already as great a director as Welles and Hitchcock, although he has a good start in that direction. What I mean is that his spirit, his daring, is in the same league. He is not interested in making timid movies." Online critic James Berardinelli also gave the film a four star review, praising Branagh's direction and all levels of the production, from the screenplay by Scott Frank to Patrick Doyle's score, stating, "...Branagh has combined all of these cinematic elements into an achievement that rivals Hitchcock's best work and stands out as one of the most intriguing and memorable thrillers of the 1990s."
Conversely, Peter Travers of Rolling Stone viewed the film negatively, praising some elements of Branagh's direction while criticizing the romance, saying, "In his efforts to crowd the screen with character and incident, Branagh cheats on the one element that might have given resonance to the mystery: the love story. Branagh and Thompson (married in real life) are sublime actors, but they never develop a convincing ardor as either couple. How could they when the director is so busy playing tricks? Dead Again isn't a disaster, merely a miscalculation from a prodigious talent who has forgotten that you squeeze the life out of romance when you don't give it space to breathe."
Vincent Canby of The New York Times gave the film a lukewarm review, calling it "a big, convoluted, entertainingly dizzy romantic mystery melodrama" and concluding, "Dead Again is eventually a lot simpler than it pretends to be. The explanation of the mystery is a rather commonplace letdown, but probably nothing short of mass murder could successfully top the baroque buildup. In this way, too, the film is faithful to its antecedents, while still being a lot of fun."
While the film has faded somewhat over time, several indy reviewers consider it a worthwhile piece of film history. In 2016, Jason Bailey at Flavorwire, affirmed Roger Ebert's initial directorial comparisons, writing that, "Dead Again is one of the most Hitchcockian thrillers this side of De Palma, with easily traceable influences of Olivier-fronted Rebecca (in the creepy, needy housekeeper), Psycho (the mysterious old mother in the next room), Dial M for Murder (the scissors as murder weapon), and Spellbound (the therapeutic elements, plus a quickie reference to Salvador Dali, who advised on that film’s dream sequences)". 
Dead Again opened #1 at the U.S. box office, earning $3,479,395 during its opening weekend playing on 450 screens. It remained #1 at the U.S. box office for three weeks, and grossed over $38 million by the end of its theatrical run.
|Award||Category||Recipients and nominees||Result|
|British Academy Film Awards||Best Actor in a Supporting Role||Derek Jacobi||Nominated|
|Berlin International Film Festival||Golden Bear||Kenneth Branagh||Nominated|
|Edgar Allan Poe Awards||Best Motion Picture Screenplay||Scott Frank||Nominated|
|Golden Globe Awards||Best Original Score||Patrick Doyle||Nominated|
|Young Artist Award||Best Young Actor Co-starring in a Motion Picture||Gregor Hesse||Nominated|
- Dead Again. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- "Dead Again". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
- "Berlinale: 1992 Programme". berlinale.de. Retrieved May 24, 2011.
- "Dead Again (1991)". Amazon.com. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
- Ebert, Roger (August 23, 1991). "Dead Again". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Berardinelli, James. "Dead Again". ReelViews. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Travers, Peter (August 23, 1991). "Dead Again". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Canby, Vincent (August 23, 1991). "Dead Again". The New York Times. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- "Second Glance: Kenneth Branagh's Twisty, Giddy 'Dead Again'". Flavorwire. August 22, 2016. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
- "Mike Portnoy.com The Official Website". www.mikeportnoy.com. Retrieved October 30, 2018.