De Vries, Ibarra & Co.

De Vries, Ibarra & Co. (c. 1864-1870) were "importers of paintings, engravings, bronzes, and works of art in general," "publishers of busts and statuary," and "importers and publishers of books in foreign languages."[1] Based in Boston, Massachusetts, in the 1860s the firm kept a shop in the Albion Hotel building on Beacon Street (corner Tremont Street),[2][3] and later on Tremont Street (between West Street and Temple Place). Proprietors included Guy Horvath De Vries[4][5] and Mrs. De Vries.[6] Staff included Carl Schoenhof, who bought the firm in 1870.

DeVries Art Gallery, no.145 Tremont St., Boston, 19th century

HistoryEdit

In the 1860s the firm published foreign-language materials including instruction manuals and reprints of literary works by Hans Christian Andersen, Francesco Dall'Ongaro, Gustav zu Putlitz, Carl Theodor Körner and others; translations of literary works (such as Dante's Inferno); and some English-language works. In 1864, for instance, "Messrs. De Vries and Ibarra, in the Albion building, are issuing a series of charming little German books, in a most tasteful style of print, chiefly for the use of young ladies who have German lessons, but attractive to all friends of German literature. Among them is "Prinzessin Ilse," an exquisite Madchen of the Hara mountains; "Was sich der Wald erzahlt," by Putlitz; and now a couple of art essays, on the "Venus of Milo," and on "Rafael and Michael Angelo," by Hermann Grimm, the author of the "Life of Michael Angelo," and son of one of the famous brothers Grimm. ... These little books are cheap, as well as models of artistic print."[7] Around 1865 the firm acquired the business of recently retired bookseller S.R. Urbino.[8]

Among the artworks exhibited in the De Vries Art Gallery were T.S. Noble's painting "John Brown's Blessing" (1867),[9] Albert Bierstadt's "Mt. Vesuvius in Eruption" (1868),[10] and T. Buchanan Read's "Sheridan's Ride."[11] The gallery was favorably mentioned in the Boston Ladies' Repository of April 1867: "At De Vries' art gallery are some fine paintings by artists of eminence, both native and foreign. The largest, and the one now on exhibition, is by Gustave Paul Dore ... entitled 'Midsummer,' and represents many flowers familiar to us. A scythe is lying amid the tall grass and weeds, and near it the flowers and grass lately cut and apparently withering. We notice several other pictures of peculiar interest. Among them a picture by Antonio Cortez, a pupil of Rosa Bonheur, one winter scene of singular fidelity to nature; also one called 'The Young Cooks.' The marbles are also fine ... 'The Dream of Youth' by Miss Ann Whitney is excellent."[12]

After the death of G.H. De Vries in 1870, the firm continued for some time, and then was acquired by Carl Schoenhof, one of the firm's employees. Schoenhof had been "a clerk with De Vries Ibarra & Co., and in 1870 with a Miss [Fanny] Moeller took over the business under the firm name of Schoenhof & Moeller."[13]

Image galleryEdit

Published by De Vries, Ibarra & Co.Edit

 
Emblem, 1864
 
Emblem, 1865
  • Parlez-vous franc̜ais?: or, do you speak French? ; a pocket companion for beginners who wish to acquire the facility of expressing themselves fluently on every-day topics in a short, easy, and practical way ; with hints on French pronunciation. 1864. Google books
  • Hans Christian Andersen. Bilderbuch ohne bilder. Boston: De Vries, Ibarra und Compagnie, 1864. Google books
  • Reynard the Fox: A burlesque poem from the low-German original of the 15th century. 1865. Internet Archive
  • Francesco Dall'Ongaro. La rosa dell' Alpi: novella. 1865
  • Alberto Nota. La fièra: commedia in cinque atti. Boston: De Vries, Ibarra e Compangnia, no.3 Beacon Street, 1865. Google books
  • Parlate italiano? or Do you speak Italian?: A pocket companion for beginners who wish to acquire the facility of expressing themselves fluently on every-day topics in a short, easy and practical way. 1865. Google books
  • Sprechen Sie Deutsch?: or, Do you speak German? A pocket companion for beginners who wish to acquire the facility of expressing themselves fluently on every-day topics in a short, easy, and practical way. With hints on German pronunciation. 4th ed. 1865
  • Carl Theodor Körner. Zriny: Ein Trauerspiel. 1866. Intro and notes by Edward Rush Ruggles. Google books
  • Dante Alighieri. The first canticle, Inferno, of the Divine Comedy. 1867. Thomas William Parsons, translator. Illustrated by G. Dore. Google books.
  • Auguste Carlier. Marriage in the United States. 1867 Google books
  • M. Gibert. A French pronouncing grammar for young students: With a vocabulary of the names of familiar objects and conversational phrases. 1868. Google books

Exhibition catalogsEdit

  • Catalogue of Rare and Classical Line Engravings, Etchings and Wood-cuts, Comprising the Best Examples of Every Eminent Engraver, from the Earliest Period to the Present Time. With a Description of the State and Condition of Each Print, and References and Notes from Dumesnil, Bartsch, Nagler, Blanc, Passavant, Weigel, Bryant, Siret, Winckelman, and Catalogues of Celebrated Sales. 1867.[14]
  • De Vries Art Gallery. Season of 1867. Fourth Exhibition.
  • De Vries' Art Gallery. Season of 1867. Fifth Exhibition. Catalogue.
  • De Vries Art Gallery. Season of 1868. 22d Exhibition. Catalogue. (Boston: J.P. Plumer, Printer, 46 Congress Street)
  • De Vries' Art Gallery. 34th Special Exhibition. Season of 1869.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Boston Directory. 1868
  2. ^ Boston Directory. 1864
  3. ^ Photos of the Albion building reside in the collection of the Bostonian Society. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-09. Retrieved 2010-07-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Retrieved 2010-09-09
  4. ^ Boston Directory. 1868
  5. ^ Directory of booksellers, stationers, newsdealers, and music dealers and list of libraries in the United States and Canada: complete to November 1st, 1870. NY: John H. Dingman, 1870
  6. ^ G.H. De Vries died in 1870. "The establishment is continued under the management of Mrs. DeVries." cf. American Art News: Boston. The Art Review, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Sep. 1870)
  7. ^ Dwight's Journal of Music, Dec. 10, 1864
  8. ^ S.R. Urbino (d.1896) had "started in business by the purchase of Miss Elizabeth P. Peabody's circulating library and book-store on West Street;" cf. Publishers Weekly, April 4, 1896
  9. ^ The Commonwealth, Boston, Mass., December 14, 1867; quoted in: James C. Malin. The John Brown Legend in Pictures: Kissing the Negro Baby. Kansas Historical Quarterly. November, 1940 (Vol. 9, No. 4).
  10. ^ Mt. Vesuvius in Eruption. Gallery open from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. De Vries, Ibarra & Co., 145 Tremont Street, opposite the Commons. [1868?] http://siris-artexhibition.si.edu Retrieved 2010-09-08
  11. ^ De Vries Art Gallery, 145 Tremont Street. A National Work of Art. Sheridan's Ride. Great Life-Size Painting by the Poet-Artist, T. Buchanan Read, now on exhibition. Admission, 25 cents. The Chromo of Sheridan's Ride. This beautiful chromo, in size 20 x 25 inches, is ready, and will be delivered to subscribers during the exhibition. Price, (mounted on stretchers,) $10,000. Open from 9 a.m., to 6 p.m., Daily. T.B. Pugh, Manager. F.A. Searle, Printer, 118 Washington Street, Boston. http://siris-artexhibition.si.edu Retrieved 2010-09-08
  12. ^ Ladies' Repository: a Universalist Monthly Magazine (Boston: Universalist Publishing House, no.37 Cornhill), April 1867
  13. ^ Shortly after the establishment of Schoenhof & Moeller, Carl Schoenhof "assumed the whole business under his own name, conducting it for a long term of years." cf. Publishers Weekly, June 3, 1911
  14. ^ http://siris-artexhibition.si.edu Retrieved 2010-09-08