De Tretten

De Tretten (The Group of Thirteen), also De Tretten Kunstnere (The Thirteen Artists), was a grouping of young Danish artists who arranged their own exhibitions in Copenhagen from 1909 to 1912 in order to display works which would not have been accepted for exhibition by the then rather traditional Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts.

BackgroundEdit

Based on the French model of the Salon des Refusés, De Tretten was founded on the initiative of Olaf Rude (who exhibited there in 1909 and 1910) and the critic Jens Pedersen. Rude had managed to obtain financial guarantees for the enterprise from those who had recently established themselves in the seaside resort of Marielyst on Falster which had been promoted as an artists colony along the lines of Skagen.[1] Several, including Rude himself, had studied at the Kunstnernes Frie Studieskoler under Kristian Zahrtmann who had broken away from the Academy into the developing trends of Naturalism and Realism.[2] Paintings exhibited at De Tretten were often in line with movements of the times such as Futurism and Post-Impressionism.

Exhibiting artistsEdit

De Tretten also included:[3]

Similar Danish initiativesEdit

De Tretten was not the only attempt to exhibit outside the Academy. Den Frie Udstilling (The Free Exhibition) was established in 1891 and continues to exhibit today. Grønningen, founded in 1915, now exhibits in the Charlottenborg Exhibition Hall.[16][17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Olaf Rude: Restrospektiv"[permanent dead link]. (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  2. ^ Erik Brodersen, "Kristian Zahrtmann", Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbachs kunstnerleksikon. (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  3. ^ a b Lars Kærulf Møller, "Olaf Rude", Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbachs kunstnerleksikon. (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  4. ^ Hanne Honnens de Lichtenberg, "Folmer Bonnén", Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbachs kunstnerleksikon. (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  5. ^ "Weilbachs Kunstnerleksikon: B.". (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  6. ^ Hanne Abildgaard, "Anton Hansen", Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbachs kunstnerleksikon. (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  7. ^ Lars Kærulf Møller, "Harald Henriksen", Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbachs kunstnerleksikon. (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  8. ^ Inge Mørch Jensen, "Axel P. Jensen", Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbachs kunstnerleksikon. (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  9. ^ Thorkild Kjærgaard, "Carl Jensen", Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbachs kunstnerleksikon. (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  10. ^ "Weilbachs kunstnerleksikon K". (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  11. ^ Ulla Grut, "Jais Nielsen", Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbachs kunstnerleksikon. (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  12. ^ Jens Bing, "Robert (Storm P.) Storm Petersen", Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbachs kunstnerleksikon. (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  13. ^ Hanne Abildgaard, "William Scharff", Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbachs kunstnerleksikon. (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  14. ^ Anette Sørensen, "Einar Utzon-Frank", Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbachs kunstnerleksikon. (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  15. ^ Hanne Abildgaard, "Edvard Weie". Kunstindeks Danmark & Weilbachs kunstnerleksikon. (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  16. ^ "Om Den Frie" Archived 2012-12-09 at the Wayback Machine, Den Frie Udstilling. (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  17. ^ "Grønningen", KunstGuide. (in Danish) Retrieved 15 February 2013.

BibliographyEdit

  • Katalog over de tretten Kunstneres Udstilling, Copenhagen: Den Frie Udstillings Bygning, 1909-1912.