de Havilland Puss Moth

The de Havilland DH.80A Puss Moth is a British three-seater high-wing monoplane aeroplane designed and built by the de Havilland Aircraft Company between 1929 and 1933. It flew at a speed approaching 124 mph (200 km/h), making it one of the highest-performance private aircraft of its era.

DH.80A Puss Moth
de Havilland DH.80A Puss Moth G-ABLS first registered in 1931
Role Light utility aircraft
Manufacturer de Havilland
First flight 9 September 1929
Introduction March 1930
Produced 1929–1933
Number built 284

Design history edit

The unnamed DH.80 prototype which first flew in September 1929 was designed for the flourishing private flying movement in the United Kingdom. It was a streamlined all-wooden aircraft fitted with the new de Havilland Gipsy III inverted inline engine that gave unimpeded vision across the nose without the protruding cylinder heads of the earlier Gipsy II engine.

After the prototype was tested, the aircraft was redesigned with a fabric-covered steel-tube fuselage and as such redesignated the DH.80A Puss Moth. The first production aircraft flew in March 1930 and was promptly sent on a sales tour of Australia and New Zealand. Orders came quickly, and in the three years of production ending in March 1933, 259 were manufactured in England. An additional 25 aircraft were built by de Havilland Canada. Most were fitted with the 130 hp (97 kW) Gipsy Major engine that gave slightly better performance.

The Puss Moth was replaced on the production line by the de Havilland DH.85 Leopard Moth that, with a plywood fuselage, was both cheaper to build, and lighter weight. Being lighter, the Leopard Moth had better performance on the same rather modest 130 hp (97 kW) Gipsy Major engine.

Technical faults edit

Early in its career, the DH.80A was plagued by a series of fatal crashes, the most famous being to Australian aviator Bert Hinkler while crossing the Alps in CF-APK on 7 January 1933. The cause was eventually pinned down to "flutter" caused by turbulence leading to wing failure – this was corrected by stiffening the front strut with a jury strut to the rear wing root fitting. One aircraft took part in the Challenge 1934 European tourist plane contest, but dropped out because of an engine fault on one of the last stages.

Operational history edit

Most DH.80As were used as private aircraft, though many also flew commercially with small air charter firms for passenger and mail carrying. Seating was normally two although in commercial use two passengers could be carried in slightly staggered seats with the rear passenger's legs beside the forward passenger seat. The wings folded backwards for storage, pivoting on the rear spar root fitting and the V-strut root fitting, a system used on other de Havilland light aircraft of the period.

Surviving British civilian aircraft were impressed into service during the Second World War to act as communication aircraft. A few survive into the early 21st century.[1]

Record breaking flights edit

During the early 1930s, DH.80s were used for a number of record breaking flights. In early 1931, Nevill Vintcent made the first flight from England to Ceylon in G-AAXJ. On 25 May 1931 Capt James Douglas Mail flew in his Puss Moth G–ABIU named Baby Tank from Croydon to Bulawayo, taking 8 days according to his logbook via Pisa to Rome then on to north Africa and down the east coast, arriving 8 days later. Total flying time was 73hrs 50mins.

In July and August 1931 Amy Johnson made an eight-day flight with her co-pilot, Jack Humphreys, to Moscow and Tokyo in G-AAZV, named Jason II, completing the leg to Moscow in one day.

Late in 1931, the Australian Bert Hinkler piloted the Canadian-built CF-APK on a series of important flights including New York City to Jamaica, Jamaica to Venezuela, and a 22-hour, west-east crossing of the South Atlantic, only the second solo transatlantic crossing.[2]

In November 1931, the 19-year-old Peggy Salaman set out in G-ABEH named Good Hope, to beat the record for the flight from London to Cape Town. She succeeded in arriving in Cape Town at 5.40 a.m. with Gordon Store, her co-pilot and navigator, beating the previous record set up by Glen Kidston by more than one day.[3][4]

Most famous of the record breaking Puss Moths was Jim Mollison's G-ABXY, The Heart's Content which completed the first solo east-west Atlantic crossing in August 1932 from Portmarnock Strand near Dublin to New Brunswick, Canada and the first east-west crossing of the South Atlantic from Lympne Aerodrome to Natal, Brazil in February 1933. His wife, Amy Johnson, made record flights between England and Cape Town using G-ACAB, Desert Cloud in 1932. C. J. Melrose flew VH-UQO, named My Hildegarde in the 1934 MacRobertson Air Race. They finished overall seventh and second on handicap in a time of 10 days 16 hours.[5]

Accidents and incidents edit

Variants edit

  • de Havilland DH.80 : Prototype, 120 hp (89 kW) Gipsy III engine.
  • de Havilland DH.80A Puss Moth : Two- or three-seat light aircraft, mostly with 130 hp (97 kW) Gipsy Major engine.

Operators edit

  Australia
  Belgian Congo
  Canada
  Independent State of Croatia
  Germany
  India
  Iraq
  Kenya
  New Zealand
  South Africa
  Spain
  Spanish State
  United Kingdom
 
DH.80A taxi aircraft of East Anglian Flying Services at Manchester (Ringway) Airport in June 1948
  United States
United States Navy One used by the United States Embassy in London.
  Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Specifications (DH.80) edit

 
De Havilland Puss Moth 3-view drawing from NACA Aircraft Circular No.117

Data from British Civil Aircraft since 1919 (Volume 2).[17]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 1 or 2 pax
  • Length: 25 ft 0 in (7.62 m)
  • Wingspan: 36 ft 9 in (11.20 m)
  • Height: 7 ft 0 in (2.13 m)
  • Wing area: 222 sq ft (20.6 m2)
  • Empty weight: 1,265 lb (574 kg)
  • Gross weight: 2,050 lb (930 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × de Havilland Gipsy III 4-cylinder air-cooled inverted in-line piston engine, 120 hp (89 kW)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed wooden fixed-pitch propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 128 mph (206 km/h, 111 kn)
  • Range: 300 mi (480 km, 260 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 17,500 ft (5,300 m)
  • Rate of climb: 630 ft/min (3.2 m/s)

See also edit

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Related lists

References edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ "Field in Sight." Flight International, 28 February 1974.
  2. ^ Serle, Percival. "Hinkler, Herbert John Louis." Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney, Australia: Angus and Robertson, 1949.
  3. ^ "Peggy Salaman Beats Flying Record from London to Cape Town" Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 1931
  4. ^ "Peggy Salaman", in Jüdische Woche, 1th Avril 1932. Foto from the Pilot].
  5. ^ "Amy Johnson." Archived 2012-09-17 at the Wayback Machine The Science Museum (South Kensington. UK), 2013.
  6. ^ Time (18 May 1931). "British Tragedies". Archived from the original on 1 October 2007. Retrieved 12 February 2007.
  7. ^ "Crash of a de Havilland DH.80 Puss Moth in Devil's Jump: 3 killed". Bureau of Air Accidents Archive. Archived from the original on 4 February 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  8. ^ Bridge, Carl (1983). "Leslie Hubert Holden (1895–1932)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Vol. 9. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. ISSN 1833-7538.
  9. ^ Ansaldo “¿Por Que?”,pp. 138–44 (Buenos Aires, 1951)
  10. ^ "Pilot's heroism after crash into sea". The Courier-Mail. 20 January 1937.
  11. ^ "3 Killed In Plane Crash". The Daily Telegraph. 28 August 1941.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h Stroud 1991, p. 243
  13. ^ Ketley and Rolfe 1996, p. 11.
  14. ^ Pran Nath Seth; Sushma Seth Bhat (2005). An Introduction To Travel And Tourism. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. p. 112. ISBN 978-81-207-2482-2.
  15. ^ Stroud 1991, pp. 243–244
  16. ^ Arthur 1992, p. 23
  17. ^ Jackson 1974, p. 111.

Bibliography edit

  • Arthur, Robin (1992). "Pre-War Airliner Fleets: I. Hillman's Airways Ltd". Archive. No. 1. Air-Britain. pp. 23–24. ISSN 0262-4923.
  • Comas, Matthieu (September–October 2020). "So British!: 1939–1940, les avions britanniques dans l'Armée de l'Air" [So British!: British Aircraft in the French Air Force 1939–1940]. Avions (in French) (236): 38–61. ISSN 1243-8650.
  • Jackson, A.J. British Civil Aircraft, 1919–1972: Volume II. London: Putnam (Conway Maritime Press), 1988.
  • Jackson, A.J. British Civil Aircraft since 1919 (Volume 2). London: Putnam, 1974. ISBN 0-370-10010-7.
  • Ketley, Barry and Mark Rolfe. Luftwaffe Fledglings 1935–1945: Luftwaffe Training Units and their Aircraft. Aldershot, UK: Hikoki Publications, 1996. ISBN 978-5-9955-0028-5.
  • Prins, François (Spring 1994). "Pioneering Spirit: The QANTAS Story". Air Enthusiast. No. 53. pp. 24–32. ISSN 0143-5450.
  • Seth, Pran Nath and Sushma Seth Bhat An Introduction to Travel and Tourism. New Delhi, India: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd., 2005. ISBN 978-8-12072-482-2.
  • Stroud, John (April 1991). "Wings of Peace". Aeroplane Monthly. Vol. 19, no. 4. pp. 240–245. ISSN 0143-7240.

External links edit