Daykundi Province

Daykundi (Dari: دایکندی), also spelled as Daikundi, Daikondi, or Daykondi, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central part of the country. It has a population of about 516,504 and is a Hazara dominated province.[5]

The town of Nili, the provincial center of Daykundi
The town of Nili, the provincial center of Daykundi
Map of Afghanistan with Daikundi highlighted
Map of Afghanistan with Daikundi highlighted
Coordinates: 33°45′N 66°15′E / 33.75°N 66.25°E / 33.75; 66.25
Country Afghanistan
 • GovernorAminullah Zubair[1]
 • Deputy GovernorHaji Sahib Rashid [2]
 • Total18,088 km2 (6,984 sq mi)
 • Total525,529
Time zoneUTC+4:30 (Afghanistan Time)
ISO 3166 codeAF-DAY
Main languagesDari and Hazaragi

Daykundi Province was carved out of the northern part of Uruzgan Province in 2004, becoming a separate province. It falls into the traditionally ethnic Hazara region known as the Hazaristan and the provincial capital is Nili. It is surrounded by Bamyan Province in the northeast, Ghazni Province in the southeast, Uruzgan Province in the south, Helmand Province in the southwest, and Ghor Province in the northwest.


Daykundi was established on March 28, 2004, when it was created from the isolated Hazara-dominated northern districts of neighboring Uruzgan Province.

Development and securityEdit

The province maintains its security through the Afghan police and military.[6]

While the Government of Afghanistan, NGOs, the United Nations, and NATO's ISAF forces have had little involvement in reconstruction in the province, there have been some initiatives. Following heavy rainfall and flooding in February 2007 the United Nations Assistance Mission for Afghanistan (UNAMA) opened a sub-office in the province[7] and Oxfam, one of the few NGOs operating in the province, described UNAMA's input into coordinating flood relief as impressive.[7]

In November 2007 a World Food Programme convoy carrying mixed food aid was forced to abandon its mission due to security concerns and Afghanistan's Interior Ministry confirmed that Taliban insurgents had infiltrated the southern district of Kajran in a bid to destabilize the province. On 11 November 2007 Afghan forces launched a military operation to drive out the insurgents.[8]

The United States began building new government institutions in the province. The insurgency problem and shortage of food continued until 2012. Several government officials have warned in October 2012 that "If the government or NGOs (non-governmental organizations) do not address the situation with proper assistance, Daikundi would witness many deaths this winter."[9] In the meantime, a rebel leader along with his 150 fighters joined the government-initiated peace drive in Nili, capital of Daikundi province.[10]

Notable peopleEdit

Daykundi has a lot of famous writers, researchers, artists, athletes, authors, and story writers, for example:


There are four radio stations in Daykundi, such as Sadaye Nili, Nasim, Aftab, and Milli Radio.


As of 2020, the total population of Daykundi province is estimated to be around 516,504,[5] which is mostly a rural tribal society. The ethnic Hazaras make up the majority of the total population of the province. All the inhabitants follow Islam, with Shi'as the majority and Sunnis as the minority. Languages spoken in the province include Dari or Hazaragi.


The province of DaiKundi is located in central Afghanistan. The province is bordered on the south by Uruzgan, on the east by Ghazni and Bamiyan, on the north and west by Ghor, and the southeast by Helmand. Until March 2004, Dai Kundi was part of Uruzgan province. The Helmand River separates nearly 90 percent of the steep landscape.[11]


Daykundi is a mountainous province that is green and dominated by trees, bushes, wild food plants and agricultural land.[12]

Most people have their small orchards producing almonds and fruits which they sell them to the market later on. Also, they take care of their animals very carefully and seriously as Livestock is one of the important sources of income and food for them; some of them have goats and sheep while few have their own cattle.[13]

The labor opportunities are very few in the Daykundi province as most of the households go to other provinces in Afghanistan to look for seasonal work. 70% of the household income are coming from family members who are working outside Daykundi; this is one of the main livelihood options for the people of Daykundi.[14]

Agriculture in DaykundiEdit

The dry weather of Daykundi and its uncertainty of precipitation make farmers concerned about their farm products. They are mostly relying on irrigated land, as they are afraid they do not lose their time, capital, and their labors.[12]

As Daykundi does not have enough rainfall, there is a low capacity for wheat, orchard crops, beans, and vegetable production in cultivation; this makes the household members not have enough required food.[12]

Daykundi people have less access to markets as there is a long distance from rural areas to local markets, poor road networks, snowstorms in the winter, and insecurity. However, people still sell their fruits and nuts to the traders at the farm gates, which get transported to the provincial center and regional markets.[12]

Since the water for irrigation has decreased in Daykundi province, farmers are very concerned about their food production and pasture; even, this has affected farmland leasing. The farmers are not interested to contract lease lands as their crop production is lower and strongly relies on precipitation. Therefore, farmland leasing has decreased in Daykundi province.[12]

The dry weather of Daykundi has not only affected farm production but also has negatively impacted livestock. The fodders and pastures are not enough and sufficient for the animals and they get common diseases like Tuberculosis, PPR (Peste Des Petits Ruminants), Sheep pox, foot and mouth diseases, etc.[12]Even the dairy preservation is very poor in which milk and dairy are not sold in the market, except Kurut.[12]

The only season that dairy products are consumed is during the spring season between April and June. The rest of the year, people in Daykundi do not have access to better nutrition status and try to import dairy products, like yogurt, from other provinces.[12]

Taking care of fruit trees is the most important agricultural part of Daykundi. The most common fruits are almonds, mulberry, and walnuts. The districts of Shahristan, Miramor, and Ishtarlari are the main and major producers of these fruits.[12]

Also, fruit tree plantations, which are mostly apples and almonds, have been increased and supported by NHLP, National Horticulture and Livestock Project.[12]

Market and AgricultureEdit

The Market of Daykundi is pretty functional throughout the year but it has its struggles over the winter season as communications become difficult.[15]

As a result of the above situation, the market and traders in the district centers make enough food stocks at their household level to ensure that there are enough stocks during the winter season.[13]

Almond Festival Celebration in Day KundiEdit

The first Gole Badam Festival was celebrated in Daykundi Province three years ago. In 2010, the Hazara People International Network recommended that this Festival be held to commemorate the blossoming of the almond tree.[16]

Almonds are the province's principal agricultural commodity, and many households rely on them for livelihood. While the rest of Afghanistan is known for its opium production, Hazaristan, particularly Daykundi, has opted to focus on almond agriculture.[16]

The city's Almond Festival, an annual event hosted by the province government, drew nearly 4,000 people from all across Dai Kundi to each celeb on yearly basis.[16]

Almond cultivation is a major contributor to the Dai Kundi economy, and the almond festival brings together farmers, citizens, and government officials to enjoy and pray for a plentiful harvest. Almonds are the only significant commodity produced in Dai Kundi that is exported outside of Afghanistan.[16]

According to the Ministry of Agriculture, Dai Kundi produces over 5,500 tons of almonds every year, accounting for around 11% of Afghanistan's total almond production. Zabul, Ghazni, Samangan, and Balkh are other important almond-growing regions.[16]


Districts of Day Kundi Province.

Daikundi province has 10 districts: Nili, Sangi Takht, Khadir, Gizab, Ishtarlay, Miramor, Shahristan, Kajran, Kiti, and Pato.[17]

Men of Daykundi province in 2009
Districts of Daykundi Province
District Capital Population[18] Area Number of villages and ethnic groups
Gizab Gizab 78,450 4,240 km2 126 villages. Pashtun, Hazaras[19]
Ishtarlay 62,244 1,360 km2 343 villages. Hazaras[19]
Kijran 37,710 1,886 km2 Hazaras[19]
Khedir 54,368 1,583 km2 294 villages. Hazaras[19]
Kitti 57,421 887 km2 196 villages. Hazaras[19]
Miramor 87,526 2,363 km2 326 villages. Hazaras[19]
Nili Nili 43,580 445 km2 165 villages. Hazaras[20]
Sangi Takht 60,074 1,945 km2 Hazaras[19]
Shahristan 82,152 1,963 km2 290 villages. Hazaras[19]
Pato 40,454


Agriculture is the main industry of the province. It is well known for its high-quality almonds, which are distributed throughout Afghanistan.

Climate in DayKundiEdit

Daikundi is the most vulnerable province to Climate Change in Afghanistan. The province experiences acute water shortages and droughts have poor soil quality, and risks of avalanches, landslides, and flooding, which cause extensive damage to agricultural land, infrastructure, and food security.[21]

The impacts of climate change in Daikundi are manifold, mostly due to the limited institutional capacity to plan and respond to these impacts.[21]

With support from the Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA) are cooperating on pilot field demonstrations in Daikundi province that aim to build environment adaptive and resilience of vulnerable villages to climate change impacts.[22]

The above-mentioned organization also aims to build the capacity of local institutions to address climate change risk within the peri-urban extent of the rapidly developing Nili Town.[21]

Women Cycling EventEdit

On Thursday, July 12, 2018, a bicycle competition was organized in the provincial stadium in Daikundi province, in the center of Afghanistan, between two teams of girls and boys.[18]

The bicycle competition was held to promote peace and harmony throughout the country.[18]

There were ten females and ten boys on each of the two teams, and medals, clothing, and other items were given to the winners.[18]

It is important to mention that the purpose of the event was to promote peace and support girls’ role in sports, said Mohammad Husain Sirat, the provincial director of information and culture.[18]

Death RateEdit

The crude death rate was 0.42 (0.25-0.68) (95 percent CI) and the under-five death rate was 0.66 (0.29-1.51) respectively (95 percent CI). Both rates are below the SPHERE emergency levels.[13]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Over 800 Hazara Families Ordered Out Of Their Homes By Taliban". Retrieved 2021-09-24.
  2. ^ "د نږدې شلو ولایاتو لپاره نوي والیان او امنیې قوماندانان وټاکل شول". November 7, 2021.
  3. ^ "Statoids". Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  4. ^ "Estimated Population of Afghanistan 2021-22" (PDF). National Statistic and Information Authority (NSIA). April 2021. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 21, 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Estimated Population of Afghanistan 2020-21" (PDF). Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, National Statistics and Information Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 July 2020. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  6. ^ "Daykundi province reaches out for unity across Afghanistan | ISAF - International Security Assistance Force". Archived from the original on 2012-04-29. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
  7. ^ a b "UN Office For The Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs : UNAMA Facing New Humanitarian Challenges". 2007-05-28. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  8. ^ John Pike (2007-11-14). "UN-OCHA Integrated Regional Information Networks : Insecurity Stops Food Aid to a Day Kundi District". Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  9. ^ Hadi Ghafari (2012-10-28). "Winter food crisis looms over Daikundi". Afghanistan Analysts Network. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  10. ^ Hadi Ghafari (2012-10-30). "150 rebels in Daikundi give up insurgency". Pajhwok Afghan News. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  11. ^ Program for Culture and Conflict Studies. (Mar 2017). Dai Kundi Province. Naval Postgraduate School. Retrieved from’
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Food Security Cluster (n.d.). Daykundi Province Fact Findings (Qualitative Assessment) Report. Afghanistan Food Security Cluster. Retrieved from
  13. ^ a b c Food Security Cluster (n.d.). Daykundi Province Fact Findings (Qualitative Assessment) Report. Afghanistan Food Security Cluster. Retrieved from
  14. ^ Country Research (Aug, 2005). RRT Research Response. Country Research of the Refugee Review Tribuna (RRT). Retrieved from
  15. ^ Food Security Cluster (n.d.). Daykundi Province Fact Findings (Qualitative Assessment) Report. Afghanistan Food Security Cluster. Retrieved from
  16. ^ a b c d e Admin. (April 1, 2013). Gole Badam Festival in DayKundi Province, the heart of Hazaristan. Retrieved from
  17. ^ "Afghanistan District Maps". Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  18. ^ a b c d e TOLO News. (July 21, 2018). Daikundi Grils Attend Cycling Race for Peace. ToloNews. Retrieved from:
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h "DaiKundi Province". Government of Afghanistan and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development. Retrieved 2012-10-28.
  20. ^ "شبکه اطلاع رسانی افغانستان - اطلاعات عمومی".
  21. ^ a b c Scanlon, A. (n.d.). Daikundi: Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience to Climate Change. UNEP. Retrieved from
  22. ^ Scanlon, A. (n.d.). Daikundi: Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience to Climate Change. UNEP. Retrieved from

External linksEdit