Daykundi (Persian: دایکندی, Pashto: دایکنډي) sometimes spelled as Daikundi, Dāykondī, Daikondi or Daykundi, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central part of the country. It has a population of about 723,980, which is a Hazara Province.
Map of Afghanistan with Daikundi highlighted
|• Governor||Sayed Anwar Rahmati|
|• Total||18,088 km2 (6,984 sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||AF-DAY|
|Main languages||Dari (Hazaragi dialect)|
Daykundi Province falls into the traditionally ethnic Hazara region known as the Hazarajat and the provincial capital is Nili. It is surrounded by Bamyan Province in the northeast, Ghazni Province in the southeast, Urozgan Province in the south, Helmand Province in the southwest, and Ghor Province in the northwest.
Daykundi was established on March 28, 2004, when it was created from the isolated Hazara-dominated northern districts of neighboring Oruzgan province.
Development and securityEdit
Since the establishment of the province nearly a decade ago, the province has extended its security having the best of all provinces and has increased education surpassing even Kabul in the number of those passing university entrance exams. The province, began its transition in December 2011, maintains its own security through the Afghan police and military.
While the Government of Afghanistan, NGOs, the United Nations, and NATO's ISAF forces have had little involvement in reconstruction in the province, there have been some initiatives. Following heavy rainfall and flooding in February 2007 the United Nations Assistance Mission for Afghanistan (UNAMA) opened a sub-office in the province and Oxfam, one of the few NGOs operating in the province, described UNAMA's input into coordinating flood relief as impressive.
In November 2007 a World Food Programme convoy carrying mixed food aid was forced to abandon its mission due to security concerns and Afghanistan's Interior Ministry confirmed that Taliban insurgents had infiltrated the southern district of Kajran in a bid to destabilise the province. On 11 November 2007 Afghan forces launched a military operation to drive out the insurgents.
The United States began building new government institutions in the province. The insurgency problem and shortage of food continued until 2012. Several government officials have warned in October 2012 that "If the government or NGOs (non-governmental organization) do not address the situation with proper assistances, Daikundi would witness many deaths this winter." In the meantime, a rebel leader along with his 150 fighters joined the government-initiated peace drive in Nili, capital of Daikundi province.
In June 2015, Masooma Muradi was chosen as the Governor of Daikundi Province. The provincial Police Chief, who leads the regular Afghan National Police (ANP), is responsible for all law enforcement activities. The Police Chief represents the Ministry of the Interior in Kabull.
After Masuma Moradi was chosen as governor there came Engineer Mahmoud Baligh; and in December 2018 Sayed Aala Rahmati.
Daikundi has a background of an important cultural:
Daikundi has a lot of famous writers, researchers, artists, athletes, authors, story writers, and at, for example:
- Sarwar Danish: lawyer, politician, who is second vice president of Afghanistan
- Hosian Sadeqi: an athlete who won in some competition in world,
- Shakardokht Jafari: who is innovative in medical science,
- Sahra Karimi: Movie maker,
- Ali Payam: story writer, researcher, journalist, and lawyer, who has written and has published 27 books which contain fictions, law, politic and governance, folklore.
- Hamza Waeezi: writer
- Kawa Ayric: Drama writer
- Zahra Mahmoodi: Former Captain of Afghanistan Women's National Football Team
- Hosain Haidarbigi
- Ali Najafi
- Sakina Mohammadi
4 radios activate in Daikindi, for example, Sadaye Nili, Nasim, Aftab and Milli radio.
"Sobh-e daikundi", Weekly which had published in Nili central of Daikundi province. Ali Payam was its director of responsible and Mohammad Hossain Alizada was its concessionaire. this weekly was published 13 no.
The total population of Daykundi province is estimated to around 723,980, which is multi-ethnic and mostly a rural tribal society. The ethnic Hazaras make up 90% of the total population of the province followed by Pashtuns at 6.5%, Balochs 3.5%. All the inhabitants follow Islam, with Shi'as the majority and Sunnis as the minority. Languages spoken in the province include Dari, Hazaragi, Pashto, and Balochi.
Daikundi province has 10 districts: Nili (central of the province), Sangtakhst and Bandar, Khidir, Ashtarlay, Miramor, Shahrestan, Kejran, Kiti, so lately adds "Pato" and "Nawamish" to Daikondi.
|District||Capital||Population||Area||Number of villages and ethnic groups|
|Ashtarlay||88,340||1,360 km2||343 villages. 100% Hazara.|
|Kijran||73,800||1,886 km2||Mostly Balochs|
|Khedir||83,400||1,583 km2||294 villages. 100% Hazara.|
|Kitti||64,900||887 km2||196 villages. 36% Hazara and Baloch, 10% Mika, 18% Mir, 14% Zerger, 10% Sadat (Sayyid), and 17% others.|
|Miramor||88,400||2,363 km2||326 villages. 100% Hazara.|
|Nili||Nili||95,340||445 km2||165 villages. 100% Hazara.|
|Sang Takh||95,000||1,945 km2||100% Hazara.|
|Shahristan||72,450||1,963 km2||290 villages. 100% Hazara.|
- "Statoids". Retrieved 2018-07-19.
- "Settled Population of Daykundi province by Civil Division , Urban, Rural and Sex-2012-13" (PDF). Central Statistics Office Afghanistan (CSO). Retrieved 2018-07-19.
- "Daykundi province reaches out for unity across Afghanistan | ISAF - International Security Assistance Force". Isaf.nato.int. Archived from the original on 2012-04-29. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
- "UN Office For The Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs : UNAMA Facing New Humanitarian Challenges". Irinnews.org. 2007-05-28. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
- John Pike (2007-11-14). "UN-OCHA Integrated Regional Information Networks : Insecurity Stops Food Aid to a Day Kundi District". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
- Hadi Ghafari (2012-10-28). "Winter food crisis looms over Daikundi". Afghanistan Analysts Network. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
- Hadi Ghafari (2012-10-30). "150 rebels in Daikundi give up insurgency". Pajhwok Afghan News. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
- "DaiKundi Province". Government of Afghanistan and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development. Retrieved 2012-10-28.
- Nili District
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