Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Dayaram (Gujarati:દયારામ) (1777–1853) was a Gujarati poet of medieval Gujarati literature. He was known for his literary form called Garbi in Gujarat.[1] He was a follower of Pushtimarg of Hindu Vaishnavism.[2] Dayaram, along with Narsinh Mehta and Meera, is considered as major contributor during Bhakti Movement in Gujarati literature.

Contents

LifeEdit

Dayaram was born on 16 August 1777 in Chanod on the bank of Narmada river. He was the second son of Prabhuram Pandya, a Sathodara Nagar Brahmin. His siblings, elder sister Dahigauri and younger brother Manishankar, died at the age of nine and two respectively.[2]

His father was a clerk. He had very little education and he was interested in devotional songs of Vaishnava temple. He married in his childhood but his first wife died after two years of marriage. His second marriage did not accompanied as his father died when he was twelve years old. His mother too died two years later. He resided with his relatives in Chanod and Dabhoi. He traveled across India on pilgrimage of religious places associated with Vaishnavism. His contact with Ichchharam Bhatt turned him to his religious interest.[2]

He was initiated into Pushtimarg (Bhrahmasambandha) in Vikram Samvat 1858 by Vallabhaji Maharaj and was fully initiated in Vikram Samvat 1861.[2]

ContributionEdit

Dayaram was a devotional poet and was a follower of "Nirgun bhakti sampraday" (pushti sampraday) in Gujarat. So he gave many Garbi describing Krishna as human-being. He had used many literary poetic form to express his devotion. He had also written long narrative poem based on the incidents on the Mahabharata such as Rukmani Vivah (Marriage of Rukmini), Satyabhama Vivah (Marriage of Satyabhama), Ajamilakhyana (Story of Ajamila), Okhaharan (abduction of Aniruddha by Chitralekha, ).[3]

Although Dayaram has written in prose a major chunk of his published work is in poetry. The total number of his creations is not known and is still under debate. There are various opinions of scholars. Kavi Narmad writes; with confirmation with Dayaram's chief disciple Ranchod, that the poet has written 38 Gujarati books and 37 Hindustani books, whereas one other scholar states that the total number of books is 87, whereas some others believe that the total number of the poet's creations is almost one and a half lakhs whereas some believe that he has written 48 books in Gujarati, 41 in 'Vraj' plus 7000 more in 'Gujarati',12,000 in 'Vraj', 200 in Marathi, 24 in Punjabi, 15 in Sanskrit and 75 in Urdu.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rachel Dwyer (2001). The Poetics of Devotion: The Gujarati Lyrics of Dayaram. Psychology Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-7007-1233-5. 
  2. ^ a b c d Parikh, Dhiru (1995). Dayaram Na Shreshtha Kavyo. Navbharat Sahitya Mandir Ahmedabad. pp. 3–6. 
  3. ^ Amaresh Datta (1987). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature: A-Devo. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. p. 912. ISBN 978-81-260-1803-1. Retrieved 5 May 2017. 

External linksEdit