Davik is a former municipality in the traditional district of Nordfjord in the old Sogn og Fjordane county (now Vestland), Norway. The 654-square-kilometre (253 sq mi)[1] former municipality existed from 1838 until 1964 and it encompassed all the lands surrounding the outer part of the large Nordfjorden on both sides of the fjord. Davik was located in parts of the present-day municipalities of Kinn, Bremanger, and Stad. The administrative center of the former municipality was the village of Davik which is located on the southern shore of the Nordfjorden, although some of the municipal services were based out of the village of Bryggja on the north side of the fjord, since that village was the largest village in Davik municipality.[2]

Davik herad
Official logo of Davik herad
Sogn og Fjordane within
Norway
Davik within Sogn og Fjordane
Davik within Sogn og Fjordane
Coordinates: 61°53′29″N 05°31′50″E / 61.89139°N 5.53056°E / 61.89139; 5.53056Coordinates: 61°53′29″N 05°31′50″E / 61.89139°N 5.53056°E / 61.89139; 5.53056
CountryNorway
CountySogn og Fjordane
DistrictNordfjord
Established1 Jan 1838
Disestablished1 Jan 1964
Administrative centreDavik
Area
 • Total655 km2 (253 sq mi)
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (1964)
 • Total3,437
 • Density5.2/km2 (14/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1442
Created asFormannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Succeeded byBremanger, Eid,
and Vågsøy in 1964

Davik Church was the main church for the municipality, and it was located in the village of Davik, in the central part of the municipality. Rugsund Church (in the village of Rugsund) served the western part of the municipality and Ålfoten Church (in the village of Ålfoten) served the eastern part of the municipality.

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Davik farm (Old Norse: Dafvíkr), since the first Davik Church was located there. The first element (dafi) means "spear" and the last element (víkr) is identical with the word vik which means "inlet", so the name appears to be referring to the long, skinny spear-like shape of the local fjord. Historically, the municipal name was spelled Davigen or Davig, using the old spelling forms that have changed over time.[3]

HistoryEdit

Davik was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). On 1 January 1913, the Mettenes farm (population: 3, located on the south shore of the Nordfjorden in extreme eastern Davik) was transferred to the neighboring municipality of Gloppen. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, Davik municipality ceased to exist and its territory was divided between the neighboring municipalities of Bremanger, Eid, and Kinn as follows:

  • The islands of Husevågøya, Grindøya, Gangsøya, Risøya, and all of Davik that was north of the Nordfjorden and east of the village of Lefdal went to the new Vågsøy municipality. The population of this area was 1,216 at the time of the merger.
  • All of Davik south of the Nordfjorden and all the islands that did not go to Kinn Municipality went to Bremanger Municipality. The population of this area was 1,567 at the time of the merger.
  • All of Davik north of the Nordfjorden and east of the village of Lefdal (including Lefdal) went to Eid Municipality. The population of this area was 654 at the time of the merger.[4]

GovernmentEdit

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Heradsstyre) of Davik was made up of 29 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Davik Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [5]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)24
Total number of members:29
Davik Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [6]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)27
Total number of members:29
Davik Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [7]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)32
Total number of members:32
Davik Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [8]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)32
Total number of members:32
Davik Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [9]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidarar, fiskarar, småbrukarar liste)
1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)31
Total number of members:32
Davik Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)30
Total number of members:32

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Helland, Amund (1901). "Daviken herred". Norges land og folk: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian). XIV. Kristiania, Norway: H. Aschehoug & Company. p. 536. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  2. ^ "Komunehistoria i Bremanger" (in Norwegian). NRK. Archived from the original on 2013-10-31. Retrieved 2013-10-29.
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 408–409.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  6. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  7. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  8. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  9. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  10. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-05-11.

External linksEdit