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David Wilkinson (political scientist)

David Ormond Wilkinson (born 1939) is a professor of political science at the Department of Political Science of the University of California, Los Angeles.

Contents

Education and careerEdit

After graduating from Harvard College with a B.A. degree in 1960, Wilkinson was admitted to Columbia University, and received his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in 1962 and 1965.

Wilkinson joined the faulty of the UCLA Department of Political Science as an assistant professor in 1964 and became a professor in 1975. He also serves as an editor for the Comparative Civilizations Review[1] and the Journal of World-Systems Research.[2]

ScholarshipEdit

Wilkinson redefines civilization on connectedness criterion,[3] not cultural criterion, as "a city-state, cities-state, or tightly linked politico-military network of such states that are not a part of a larger such network",[4] and considers civilizations as world-systems.[5]

Wilkinson introduces the idea of "Central Civilization"[6] or "Central World-System",[7] which he argues emerged about 1500 BC with the integration of the Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations, and then engulfed the Aegean civilization in 560 BC, Indic civilization in 1000, the New World after the Age of Discovery, and finally the Far Eastern civilizations in 1850. This idea has been followed and developed by other scholars.[8]

The notion that the Middle East and Europe are in the same system was also adopted by Ian Morris's award-winning book Why the West Rules—For Now, which defines the West as all civilizations descending from the Fertile Crescent, rather than just the traditional Western world.

Selected bibliographyEdit

BooksEdit

ArticlesEdit

  • "Power Polarity in the Far Eastern World System, 1025 BC—AD 1850: Narrative and 25-Year Interval Data", 5 Journal of World-Systems Research no.3 (Fall 1999).
  • "Civilizations as Networks: Trade, War, Diplomacy, and Command-Control", 8 Complexity no.1 (September–October 2002), pp. 82–86.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Editorial Team". Comparative Civilizations Review. Retrieved August 27, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Boards & Staff". Journal of World-Systems Research. Archived from the original on September 4, 2014. Retrieved August 27, 2014. 
  3. ^ David Wilkinson, "The Connectedness Criterion and Central Civilization", pp.17-21 of Matthew Melko and Leighton Scott, eds., The Boundaries of Civilizations in Space and Time, University Press of America, 1987, ISBN 0819164925
  4. ^ "Civilization: Definitions and Recommendations". International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilization. Archived from the original on October 1, 2014. Retrieved August 27, 2014. 
  5. ^ Wilkinson, David (Spring 1994). "Civilizations Are World Systems!". Comparative Civilizations Review (30). pp. 59–71. Retrieved August 29, 2014. 
  6. ^ Wilkinson, David (Fall 1987). "Central Civilization". Comparative Civilizations Review (17). pp. 31–59. 
  7. ^ Wilkinson, David (Fall 2004). "The Power Configuration Sequence of the Central World System, 1500-700 BC" (PDF). Journal of World-Systems Research. 10 (3). pp. 654–720. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-09-04. 
  8. ^ See, e.g., Atasoy, Yildiz, ed. (2009). Hegemonic Transitions, the State and Crisis in Neoliberal Capitalism. Routledge. p. 80. 

External linksEdit