David Levi Strauss
David Levi Strauss (born March 10, 1953 in Junction City, Kansas) is an internationally known poet, essayist, art and cultural critic, and educator from the United States.
He is the author of a book of poetry, four books of essays, and numerous monographs and catalogues on artists. Since 2007, he has been Chair of the graduate program in Art Writing (formerly Art Criticism & Writing) at the School of Visual Arts in New York City. He also taught at the Center for Curatorial Studies at Bard College from 2001-2005, and since 2002 he has continued to teach in the Milton Avery Graduate School of the Arts at Bard.
Strauss’ principal subject in his books of essays has been the fertile and always changing relation between aesthetics and politics. He has been called “the undisputed champion of literary art writing,” and writer Luc Sante called him “photography’s troubled conscience.”
In his introduction to Strauss’ book Between the Eyes, John Berger wrote, “Strauss, who is a poet and storyteller as well as being a renowned commentator on photography (I reject the designation critic) looks at images very hard . . . and comes face-to-face with the unexplained. Again and again. The unexplained that he encounters has only little to do with the mystery of art and everything to do with the mystery of countless lives being lived.” And Arthur Danto wrote, “David Levi Strauss is an art critic of exceptional originality and depth. I can think of none in this field I would rank ahead of him in terms of his knowledge, his seriousness, his adventure, and the power of his writing.”
Strauss received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 2003-04, and the Infinity Award for Writing from the International Center of Photography in 2007. The selection committee for the latter wrote, “His special perspective on ways of seeing has shaped our understanding of the changing nature of visual media.”
Life and workEdit
David Levi Strauss was born in Junction City, Kansas in 1953, and grew up just down the road in Chapman, where his grandfather was a blacksmith and his father a mechanic. His mother, Viola Lee, worked as a secretary for the local school district.
After writing and distributing a political tract critical of his high school’s administration, he was threatened with expulsion, but enrolled in Kansas State University anyway, where he spent two years studying political science and philosophy before being asked to leave after organizing a march on the ROTC building to protest Nixon’s Cambodian bombings in 1973 and a student strike to protest the firing of a radical history professor. At age 21, he traveled around the world on a floating university, collecting children’s art in Japan, China, Indonesia, India, and Africa, and studying the radical pedagogy of Paulo Freire. After returning to the U.S., he studied philosophy and photography at Goddard College in Vermont, graduating with a B.A. in 1976, and studied photography and language with Nathan Lyons at Visual Studies Workshop in Rochester, New York.
In 1978 he moved to San Francisco, where he studied in the Poetics Program at New College of California with poets Robert Duncan, Diane Di Prima, Michael Palmer, David Meltzer, and Duncan McNaughton, from 1980 to 1985, and edited and published ACTS: A Journal of New Writing (1982-1990). ACTS published books on Analytic Lyric (1987), Jack Spicer (1987) and Paul Celan (1988), all co-edited with Benjamin Hollander. ACTS was funded by Strauss' work as Robert Duncan's gardener, and printed with the mimeograph Duncan used to print "Dante Etudes."
In 1993 Strauss left San Francisco for New York, where he currently resides in the Hudson Valley and in New York City with his wife, the painter Sterrett Smith. Their daughter, Maya Grace Strauss, also a painter, graduated with honors from The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art in New York in 2012.
In December 2014, Strauss was interviewed by Wired on the Obama administration's refusal to release photographs of torture at Abu Ghraib, which Strauss had been writing about since 2004. He told the interviewer, “I want more images. In that way, I guess you could say I have gotten what I want, since today’s communications environment makes more and more images available to us all the time. In photographic criticism, there have been theories that subjection to greater numbers of images makes people numb to them. I don’t believe that any more... I thought long and hard about that critique, and in the end found that it doesn’t hold up. I think we’re more capable now, in some senses, of reading images, but I don’t think our overall capacity for understanding has increased. Our capacity to process images hasn’t kept up with the pace with which they are now thrown at us, so we become subject to them.”
David is not related to Claude Lévi-Strauss.
Manoeuvres: Poems 1977-1979
Between Dog & Wolf: Essays on Art & Politics
Between the Eyes: Essays on Photography and Politics
In 2003, Between the Eyes, with an introduction by John Berger, was published by Aperture. A paperback edition appeared in 2010, and an Italian edition, Politica della Fotografia, was published by Postmedia Books in Milan, Italy, in 2007, translated by Gianni Romano.
From Head to Hand: Art and the Manual
In 2010, Oxford University Press published a collection of essays on art and the manual titled From Head to Hand.
Words Not Spent Today Buy Smaller Images Tomorrow: Essays on the Present and Future of Photography
Strauss' latest book was published by Aperture in 2014.
- Elizabeth Jane VanArragon (2006). The Photo League: Views of Urban Experience in the 1930s and 1940s. ProQuest. pp. 46–. ISBN 978-0-542-79613-5.
- Griffith, David (4 August 2006). A Good War Is Hard to Find: The Art of Violence in America. Soft Skull Press. pp. 108–. ISBN 978-1-933368-12-2.
- Catherine Grant; Lori Waxman (2011). Girls! Girls! Girls! in Contemporary Art. Intellect Books. pp. 83–. ISBN 978-1-84150-348-6.
- Salvato, Nick (2010). Uncloseting Drama. Yale University Press. pp. 145–. ISBN 978-0-300-16017-8.
- Brito, Manuel (2010). Means Matter: Market Fructification of Innovative American Poetry in the Late 20th Century. Peter Lang. pp. 76–. ISBN 978-3-0343-0444-3.
- Luc Sante, blurb on back cover of Between the Eyes (Aperture, 2003)
- Durden, Mark (2013). Fifty Key Writers on Photography. Routledge. pp. 256–. ISBN 978-0-415-54944-8.
- Gregory Barz; Judah M. Cohen (15 September 2011). The Culture of AIDS in Africa: Hope and Healing Through Music and the Arts. Oxford University Press. pp. 414–. ISBN 978-0-19-978136-2.