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David Miles Hogg (born April 12, 2000)[3][2] is an American student who survived the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting on February 14, 2018, and afterward became a gun control advocate and an activist against gun violence in the United States.[4][5][6][7] He is one of twenty founding members of Never Again MSD, a gun control advocacy group led by Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School (MSD) students.[8] In conjunction with his gun control advocacy, he has helped lead several high-profile protests, marches, and boycotts. He has also been a target of several conspiracy theories and verbal attacks.[9][10]

David Hogg
Hogg at the Rally to Support Firearm Safety Legislation
Hogg at rally, February 17, 2018
Born David Miles Hogg[1]
(2000-04-12) April 12, 2000 (age 18)[2]
Los Angeles, California, U.S.[citation needed]
Residence Parkland, Florida, U.S.
Nationality American
Education Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School
Occupation Activist · student
Years active 2018–present
Organization Never Again MSD
Known for Advocacy for gun control
YouTube information
Channels
Years active 2017–present
Subscribers 4,761
Total views 1,075,761
Subscriber and view counts updated as of April 21, 2018.

Contents

Early life and education

Hogg is originally from Los Angeles, California.[11] He moved to Florida at the beginning of high school.[12] He is the son of Kevin Hogg, a former agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation,[13][14] and Rebecca Boldrick, a teacher for Broward County Public Schools in Broward County, Florida.[15]

Hogg chose to attend Stoneman Douglas High School because of the television production classes it offered.[16] He is a Teenlink reporter for the Sun Sentinel.[17] He graduated on June 3, 2018 from Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School.[18][19]

Hogg has been accepted to several universities including the University of California, Irvine, but has not yet decided which university he will attend. He plans to take a year off before starting college to work on the 2018 mid-term elections.[20][21]

Stoneman Douglas High School shooting

While a senior at Stoneman Douglas in Parkland, Florida, Hogg was on campus when the shooter, Nikolas Cruz, a 19-year-old former student at the high school, started shooting with a semi-automatic rifle after pulling the fire alarm. Hogg, who was in his AP environmental science class, told the teacher that the repeated "pop" sounds the class heard sounded like gunshots.[5] Hogg and other students made an attempt to exit the building, but a janitor instructed the students to go back into the classroom. Hogg credits the janitor for saving them, as the group of students were unintentionally heading towards the shooter.[5] A culinary arts teacher pulled Hogg and others inside her classroom and they hid in a closet.[5]

Hogg checked social media and discovered that the shooting was occurring at his high school in real time.[6] He used his cell phone to record the scene and to interview the other students hiding in the closet, to leave a record in the event that they did not survive the shooting.[22][23] Hogg's sister, who is a freshman at the high school, corresponded with her brother via text message while the shooting was taking place.[24] After about an hour, SWAT team police officers came into the classroom and escorted them out. Hogg reunited with his sister and father later that day.[24]

Gun control advocacy

 
Hogg (center) speaking at a rally in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, February 17, 2018.

After the school shooting, Hogg emerged as a leader in the 2018 United States gun violence protests. Along with Alfonso Calderon, Sarah Chadwick, Emma González, Cameron Kasky and other students, he turned to the media to talk about their role as survivors in the shooting and voice his opinion on gun control and gun violence.[25] He has called on elected officials to pass gun control measures[26] and has been a vocal critic of officials who take donations from the NRA, and he has been urging them to compromise on legislation in order to save lives.[27]

Hogg joined the social media movement and student-led gun control advocacy group Never Again MSD shortly after its formation.[28] Hogg flew to Los Angeles on February 21, 2018, to be on The Dr. Phil Show with Phil McGraw, along with his sister, to discuss the shooting and suspected shooter. There, they met with survivors of the Columbine High School massacre.[29][30][31] Hogg, along with fellow activist Emma González, blamed the National Rifle Association (NRA) and the politicians to whom they donate as being complicit in school shootings.[32] He declined to go to the White House on February 21 to meet with President Donald Trump, saying that he had to be in Tallahassee, and that Trump could come to Parkland if he wanted to talk.[33]

When Republican candidate Leslie Gibson, who was running unopposed for the Maine House of Representatives, described fellow Parkland student Emma González as a "skinhead lesbian", Hogg called for somebody to challenge the Republican; Eryn Gilchrist, who was "horrified and embarrassed" by Gibson's comment, decided to run as a Democrat to challenge Gibson for the position;[34] as did Republican former State Senator Thomas Martin, Jr., who said Gibson's remarks did not represent the Maine Republican Party, and that he planned to contact the survivors to commend their courage. Gibson dropped out of the race in response to public reaction critical of his comments.[35]

David Hogg speaking at March for Our Lives

Hogg was featured on the cover of an April 2018 edition of Time, along with fellow activists Jaclyn Corin, Emma Gonzalez, Cameron Kasky and Alex Wind.[36]

Hogg states that he is a supporter of the Second Amendment and supports NRA members' right to own guns legally, saying, "We’re calling out the NRA a lot and 99.9 percent of the people that are in the NRA are responsible, safe gun owners and I respect them for that, joining an organization that wants to support safe gun ownership is excellent.”[37]

In an interview with Fox News, Hogg said he was for reasonable gun control such as regulations that prohibit those suffering from mental illnesses from acquiring guns.[12] Asked what new legislation he wants to see, Hogg replied: "Raising the federal age of gun ownership and possession to the age of 21; banning all bump stocks; making sure that we have universal background checks; making sure that people that have committed acts of domestic violence are no longer able to get a gun, which in Florida, it's harder, it's just not impossible, fully, yet; and making sure that people with a criminal history and a history of mental illness are not able to obtain these weapons of mass destruction."[38]

Hogg criticized the media coverage of the Parkland shooting as well as its aftermath in that black students were not given a voice by the media; he said that his school was 25% black but "the way we're covered doesn't reflect that."[39]

In April 2018, Hogg initiated an effort to urge Speaker of the House Paul Ryan to bring a bill to the House of Representatives which required mandatory background checks for gun buyers; on Twitter, Hogg is urging people to contact speaker Ryan and demand a vote on universal background checks.[40]

Hogg is working to develop an anti-NRA advocacy group to encourage young people to register and vote in the 2018 midterm elections and elect candidates who promise better gun control legislation.[41]

In May 2018, Hogg and other Never Again MSD students led a "die-in" protest at a Publix supermarket, with a mass of students lying down on the store's floor, as a rebuke of the supermarket's financial support of pro-NRA gubernatorial candidate Adam Putnam; the supermarket had contributed more than $670,000 to Putnam's campaign over three years.[42] In addition, Hogg called on people to boycott Publix until the chain's support of Putnam was stopped.[42] As a result of the protest, Publix made a statement suspending support for Putnam.[42]

Boycotts

Hogg called for students to boycott spring break in Florida and instead travel to Puerto Rico if gun control legislation was not passed by the Florida state government.[43][44] After finishing high school, Hogg plans to take a gap year to campaign for politicians in favor of gun reform.[45]

Hogg initiated a boycott of companies who advertise during The Ingraham Angle. Hogg called for the boycott after the television host Laura Ingraham attacked him in a Tweet about his college application, which Hogg characterized as cyberbullying. In response to the boycott, 24 advertisers left the show.[46][47][48] Following the loss of advertisers, Ingraham apologized.[49] Hogg dismissed the apology as insincere.[50][51] The boycott drew mixed reactions. Ingraham was supported by Ted Nugent, Bill Maher[52][53] and by Russian bots on Twitter.[54][55] Fox News continued to support Ingraham.[56] Public polling showed that public perception of Fox News declined more than that of any advertiser.[57]

In a similar episode, Hogg was threatened by a Sinclair Broadcast Group TV host Jamie Allman, from station KDNL in St. Louis, who wrote a vulgar tweet threatening to insert a hot poker in his anus. Following a boycott of advertisers on The Allman Report, Allman resigned and his show was canceled.[58][59]

Conspiracy theories and harassment

Shortly after the shooting, false claims appeared on social media that it had never really happened, and others accused Hogg and other students of being "crisis actors."[60] After a series of televised interviews following the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting, far-right figures and conspiracy theorists attacked Hogg in online media.[61][62][63][64] Hogg's family have received death threats from various conspiracy theorists, according to his mother.[65] Facebook, YouTube, and Instagram reported removing posts that attack the students or accuse them of being actors.[66][67]

On the morning of June 5, 2018, Broward County Sheriff's Office received a false report from an anonymous caller claiming that there was a hostage situation in Hogg's family home.[68][69] The harassment tactic known as swatting was described by Hogg, several media organizations, and the sheriff's department as a prank.[70]

Bibliography

References

  1. ^ Larsen, Emily. "Fact Check: is one of the Parkland shooting survivors actually a 27-year-old criminal?". Check Your Fact. Retrieved March 12, 2018. 
  2. ^ a b Hayden, Michael (April 12, 2018). "Pro-trump Troll Shoots Up David Hogg Effigy With Assault Rifle, Gets Banned From Twitter". Newsweek. Retrieved April 12, 2018. 
  3. ^ Hogg, David (April 12, 2018). "Now that I'm 18 I can vote will you?". @davidhogg111. Twitter. 
  4. ^ "Student reporter interviews classmates hiding from gunman in Florida high school" (video). Miami Herald. February 15, 2018. Retrieved February 25, 2018. 
  5. ^ a b c d Prusher, Ilene (February 15, 2018). "A Student Started Filming During the Florida School Shooting. He Hasn't Stopped". TIME. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  6. ^ a b Kirby, Jen (February 20, 2018). "Florida shooting survivor explains how his generation can force a change on guns". Vox. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  7. ^ Washington Post, Alex Horton, April 29, 2018, The NRA said guns will be banned during a Pence speech. Parkland students see hypocrisy., Retrieved April 30, 2018
  8. ^ Lowery, Wesley (February 18, 2018). "He survived the Florida school shooting. He vows not to return to classes until gun laws change". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  9. ^ Stanglin, Doug; Hayes, Christal (February 21, 2018). "Conspiracy theorists find Florida student activists too good to be true". USA Today. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  10. ^ Chavez, Nicole (February 21, 2018). "School shooting survivor knocks down 'crisis actor' claim". CNN. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  11. ^ Garcia, Arturo (February 21, 2018). "Far Right Blogs, Conspiracy Theorists Attack Parkland Mass Shooting Survivor". Snopes. Retrieved February 28, 2018. 
  12. ^ a b Wilson, Kirby (February 21, 2018). "Parkland survivor David Hogg on conspiracy theories: 'It's sad'". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved February 23, 2018. 
  13. ^ "Florida shooting: Student David Hogg denies 'actor' claim". BBC. February 21, 2018. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  14. ^ Cohen, Howard (March 3, 2018). "'I honestly thought kids were a lot stupider,' Bill Maher tells poised Parkland duo". Miami Herald. Retrieved March 4, 2018. 
  15. ^ Scanlan, Quinn (February 18, 2018). "'I'm 14, I haven't even driven yet': Florida shooting survivor who lost 4 friends in the massacre". ABC News. Retrieved February 23, 2018. 
  16. ^ Dwilson, Stephanie Dube (February 24, 2018). "David Hogg: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Heavy.com. Retrieved February 25, 2018. 
  17. ^ Thompson, Desire (February 21, 2018). "Trump Supporters Call Parkland Shooting Survivors Crisis Actors". Vibe. Retrieved March 30, 2018. 
  18. ^ Wash, Stephanie; Taguchi, Emily; Lefferman, Jake (2018-06-04). "Parkland shooting survivor David Hogg heads to Capitol Hill after bittersweet graduation". ABC News. Retrieved 2018-06-06. 
  19. ^ Fearnow, Benjamin (March 28, 2018). "Right-wing radio host Laura Ingraham mocked David Hogg for not getting accepted into his top colleges". Newsweek. Retrieved March 30, 2018. 
  20. ^ Griggs, Brandon (April 9, 2018). "David Hogg will take a gap year before college to work on the midterm elections". CNN. Retrieved April 9, 2018. 
  21. ^ Branson-Potts, Hailey (April 9, 2018). "David Hogg, mocked by Laura Ingraham for college rejections, says he's been accepted to UC Irvine". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 9, 2018. 
  22. ^ Andone, Dakin (February 18, 2018). "Student journalist interviewed classmates as shooter walked Parkland school halls". CNN. Retrieved March 8, 2018. 
  23. ^ Strachan, Maxwell (February 15, 2018). "After Florida Shooting, The Teens Become The Strongest Voice For Gun Control". HuffPost. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  24. ^ a b Amos, Owen (February 15, 2018). "Florida school shooting: A survivor's story". BBC. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  25. ^ Barrett, Delvin; Dawsey, Josh (February 18, 2018). "Florida students plead with Congress: It's about the guns". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  26. ^ "Fla. school shooting survivor David Hogg says: Speak out". CBS News. February 18, 2018. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  27. ^ Song, Jean (February 16, 2018). "Florida school shooting survivor to lawmakers: "Make some compromises"". CBS News. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  28. ^ Cooper, Kelly-Leigh (February 18, 2018). "In Florida aftermath, US students say 'Never Again'". BBC. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  29. ^ Vassolo, Martin; Smiley, David (February 19, 2018). "Turning anguish into activism, Parkland students push America's gun-control movement". Miami Herald. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  30. ^ Boedeker, Hal (February 20, 2018). "Florida school shooting: 'Dr. Phil' offers two shows". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  31. ^ "Nearly 19 Years After Columbine; Survivors Speak To Parkland Students" (video). The Dr. Phil Show. Retrieved February 22, 2018. 
  32. ^ "Parkland student: Politicians accepting NRA money are against shooting victims". Axios. February 19, 2018. Retrieved February 22, 2018. ...Stoneman Douglas shooting survivors Emma Gonzalez and David Hogg returned to the air ... advocate for gun control legislation and blame the NRA as well as politicians who accept money from the organization....Gonzalez: 'You're either funding the killers, or you're standing with the children'.... 
  33. ^ Johnson, Jenna; Wagner, John (February 21, 2018). "'Fix it': Students and parents tell Trump he needs to address gun violence at schools". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 22, 2018. 
  34. ^ Sun Journal, Steve Collins, March 15, 2018, Democrat who's horrified by Gibson decided to take him on for House seat, Retrieved March 15, 2018, "...David Hogg ... called for “friends in Maine” to take him on...." Democrat Eryn Gilchrist of Greene is doing just that....
  35. ^ Wootson, Cleve (March 17, 2018). "Republican who called Parkland teen a 'skinhead lesbian' drops out of Maine House race". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 18, 2018. 
  36. ^ Associated Press, March 22, 2018, Houston Public Media, Parkland Students On Cover Of Time Magazine, Retrieved March 22, 2018, Note: cover third week March 2018; "...The cover features Marjory Stoneman Douglas students Jaclyn Corin, Alex Wind, Emma Gonzalez, Cameron Kasky and David Hogg,...."
  37. ^ Brown, Lauretta (February 21, 2018). "Florida Shooting Survivor and Student Activist David Hogg Says He Respects Most NRA Members". Townhall. Retrieved February 24, 2018. 
  38. ^ Jones, Susan (February 28, 2018). "Student Gun-Control Activist David Hogg Slams Republicans As 'Cowards'". CNS News. Retrieved March 8, 2018. 
  39. ^ T. Marcin of Newsweek, March 23, 2018, via Yahoo News, Parkland Student David Hogg Says Black Classmates Weren’t Given a Voice by Media, Retrieved March 24, 2018
  40. ^ Karlis, Nicole (April 11, 2018). "Shooting survivor David Hogg: Paul Ryan, make background checks your legacy". Salon. Retrieved June 7, 2018. ...rallying people on Twitter to contact Speaker of the House Paul Ryan and demand the House vote on universal background checks... 
  41. ^ The Guardian, Lois Beckett, 24 May 2018, Parkland survivor David Hogg aims to 'create the NRA – except for the opposite issues': Rather than head to college, Hogg plans to hit the campaign trail in key districts to increase the youth voter turnout rate, Retrieved May 24, 2018, "...But the real impact of Hogg and his fellow Parkland students’ activism will depend almost entirely on what happens in November’s midterm elections..."
  42. ^ a b c CNN, May 26, 2018, By Nadeem Muaddi and Jamiel Lynch, Publix suspends political contributions following criticism for supporting pro-NRA candidate Retrieved May 27, 2018, "..."Anyone who supports an NRA sellout is an NRA sellout," Hogg tweeted. "That is why I am calling on everyone to stop shopping at Publix until they pull their endorsement of Putnam publicly."..."
  43. ^ Milman, Oliver (February 24, 2018). "NRA calls companies' Florida shooting boycott 'political and civic cowardice'". The Guardian. Retrieved February 22, 2018. ...Let’s make a deal,” David Hogg, ... major player in the #NeverAgain movement, tweeted. “DO NOT come to Florida for spring break unless gun legislation is passed... 
  44. ^ Jenkins, Aric (February 26, 2018). "Why School Shooting Survivor David Hogg Wants Tourists to Boycott Florida for Spring Break". Time. Retrieved February 27, 2018. 
  45. ^ Mannarino, Dan (February 28, 2018). "Parkland school shooting survivor David Hogg outlines his gun-reform goals". WPIX 11 New York. Retrieved February 28, 2018. 
  46. ^ Hod, Itay (April 11, 2018). "Mitsubishi Drops Laura Ingraham as Advertiser Boycott Campaign Continues (Exclusive)". The Wrap. Retrieved April 12, 2018. 
  47. ^ Knowles, David (April 10, 2018). "Advertisers keep up pressure on Laura Ingraham". Yahoo News. Retrieved April 11, 2018. 
  48. ^ Victor, Daniel (March 29, 2018). "Advertisers Drop Laura Ingraham After She Taunts Parkland Survivor David Hogg". The New York Times. Retrieved April 6, 2018. 
  49. ^ Savransky, Rebecca (March 29, 2018). "Ingraham apologizes amid backlash over Parkland student criticism". TheHill. 
  50. ^ Kludt, Tom (March 30, 2018). "Laura Ingraham's apology to David Hogg has not stemmed the advertiser exodus". CNNMoney. 
  51. ^ Visser, Nick (April 11, 2018). "Laura Ingraham's Sponsors Still Bolting Over Comments About Parkland Survivor". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 11, 2018. 
  52. ^ John Bowden, April 7, 2018, The Hill, Bill Maher defends Ingraham: Parkland student calling for a boycott is wrong, Retrieved April 8, 2018, "..."He complains about bullying? That’s bullying!" the host continued. "I have been the victim of a boycott ... I've lost a job as a result. It is wrong. You shouldn’t do this by team, you should do it by principle."..."
  53. ^ Alexander, Bryan (April 3, 2018). "Ted Nugent continues to bash Parkland survivor David Hogg, praises Fox's Laura Ingraham". Retrieved April 7, 2018. 
  54. ^ Sit, Ryan (April 2, 2018). "Russian Bots Defend Fox News Pundit Laura Ingraham as Advertisers Leave Following David Hogg Tweet". Newsweek. Retrieved April 7, 2018. 
  55. ^ Erickson, Amanda (April 2, 2018). "Russian bots are tweeting their support of embattled Fox News host Laura Ingraham". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 7, 2018. 
  56. ^ Battaglio, Stephen (April 2, 2018). "Fox News states support for Laura Ingraham despite advertiser fallout". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 5, 2018. 
  57. ^ Rebekah Entralgo (April 2, 2018). "Fox News, not advertisers, are hurting the most from the Laura Ingraham boycott". ThinkProgress. Retrieved April 5, 2018. 
  58. ^ McLaughlin, Eliott C. (April 10, 2018). "Sinclair TV host resigns after making vulgar comment about Parkland student David Hogg". CNN. Retrieved April 11, 2018. When we kick their ass they all like to claim we're drunk. I've been hanging out getting ready to ram a hot poker up David Hogg's ass tomorrow. Busy working. Preparing. 
  59. ^ Chokshi, Niraj (April 10, 2018). "St. Louis Commentator Loses TV and Radio Shows After Threatening David Hogg". The New York Times. Retrieved April 11, 2018. 
  60. ^ Wilson, Christopher (February 21, 2018). "The 'crisis actors' lie spreads in wake of Florida shooting". Yahoo! News. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  61. ^ Smith, Allan (February 20, 2018). "Some of Trump's most fervent supporters have started to criticize a school-shooting survivor who has made a flurry of media appearances". Business Insider. Retrieved February 22, 2018. 
  62. ^ Block, Eliana (February 21, 2018). "VERIFY: Here's why David Hogg and other Florida students aren't 'crisis actors'". WUSA (TV). There's also an interview of Hogg on a Los Angeles CBS Station back in August
    As for that video from California? Our team found Hogg's YouTube "vlog" which shows he was on vacation in Cali at the time.
     
  63. ^ Sanchez, Ray; Cooper, Anderson; Hogg, David; Hogg, Kevin (February 21, 2018). "Trending YouTube video calls shooting survivor David Hogg an actor. That's a lie" (video interview). CNN. 
  64. ^ Arkin, Daniel; Popken, Ben (February 21, 2018). "How the internet's conspiracy theorists turned Parkland students into 'crisis actors'". NBC News. Retrieved February 22, 2018. 
  65. ^ Musumeci, Natalie (February 22, 2018). "Massacre survivor's mom says he's getting death threats from conspiracy theorists". New York Post. Retrieved February 23, 2018. 
  66. ^ "'Abhorrent' Hoax Facebook Posts Are Claiming the Florida School Shooting Survivors Are 'Crisis Actors'". TIME. February 21, 2018. Retrieved February 23, 2018. 
  67. ^ Nicas, Jack; Sheera, Frenkle (February 23, 2018). "Facebook and Google Struggle to Squelch 'Crisis Actor' Posts". The New York Times. Retrieved February 24, 2018. 
  68. ^ Lopez, German (June 5, 2018). "David Hogg's family was swatted. That's extremely dangerous". Vox. Retrieved June 6, 2018. 
  69. ^ Ohlheiser, Abby (2018-06-05). "Someone 'swatted' Parkland teenager David Hogg's family home". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-06-06. 
  70. ^ Fleischer, Matthew (June 5, 2018). "'Swatting' David Hogg wasn't a 'prank,' it was attempted murder". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 5, 2018. 

External links