Gulpilil Ridjimiraril Dalaithngu
|Died||29 November 2021 (aged 67–68)|
|Awards||Best Actor in a Leading Role|
2002 The Tracker
He was an Aboriginal Australian of the Yolngu people who was raised in a traditional lifestyle in Arnhem Land in northern Australia, and was a skilled dancer as a young man when British director Nicolas Roeg recognised his talent.
Early life and educationEdit
Gulpilil was probably born in 1953, although he states in the 2021 documentary about his life, My Name is Gulpilil, that he did not know how old he was. Local missionaries recorded his birth on 1 July 1953, based on "guesswork". He was a man of the Mandjalpingu (Djilba) clan of the Yolngu people, who are an Aboriginal people of Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory of Australia.
As a young boy, Gulpilil was an accomplished hunter, tracker, and ceremonial dancer. Gulpilil spent his childhood in the bush, outside the range of non-Aboriginal influences. There he received a traditional upbringing in the care of his family. He attended the school at Maningrida in North East Arnhem Land, where he was assigned the name "David". When he came of age, Gulpilil was initiated into the Mandhalpuyngu tribal group. His skin group totemic animal was the kingfisher (the meaning of the name Gulpilil) and his homeland was Marwuyu.
In 1969, Gulpilil's skill as a tribal dancer caught the attention of British filmmaker Nicolas Roeg, who had come to Maningrida scouting locations for a forthcoming film. Roeg promptly cast the 16-year-old unknown to play a principal role in his internationally acclaimed motion picture Walkabout, released in 1971. Gulpilil's on-screen charisma, combined with his acting and dancing skills, was such that he became an instant national and international celebrity. He travelled to distant lands, mingled with famous people, and was presented to heads of state. During these travels to promote the film, he met and was impressed with John Lennon, Bob Marley, Bruce Lee, Marlon Brando, and Jimi Hendrix.[i]
Gulpilil went on to appear in many more films and television productions. He played a lead role in the commercially successful and critically acclaimed Storm Boy (1976). He "dominated" the film The Last Wave (1977), with his performance as tribal Aboriginal man Chris Lee.
Perhaps the most renowned traditional dancer in his country, he organised troupes of dancers and musicians and performed at festivals throughout Australia, including the prestigious Darwin Australia Day Eisteddfod dance competition, which he won four times. In November 1997, Gulipilil's dance troupe performed at the second National Aboriginal Dance Conference in Adelaide (hosted by the National Aboriginal Dance Council Australia (NADCA)), at which cultural and intellectual property rights and copyright issues for Australian Indigenous dancers were discussed. A free concert was given in Rymill Park / Murlawirrapurka. The troupe was given a A$9,000 grant from the Northern Territory Government to attend the third conference in Sydney in 1999.
A documentary about his life, Gulpilil: One Red Blood, was aired on ABC Television in 2003. The title comes from a quote by Gulpilil: "We are all one blood. No matter where we are from, we are all one blood, the same".
In March 2004, he performed in the autobiographical stage production, Gulpilil at the Adelaide Festival of Arts, to standing ovations. This work, co-written with Reg Cribb, and directed by Neil Armfield, was based on stories of his life assembled into a script. These included tales from the making of Walkabout, performing at Buckingham Palace, and inadvertently causing a bomb scare at Cannes. The show was later staged in Brisbane and Sydney.
Gulpilil was a major creative influence throughout his life in both dance and film. He initiated and narrated the film Ten Canoes which won a Special Jury Prize at the 2006 Cannes Festival. The prize-winning, low-budget film, based on 1,000-year-old traditional story of misplaced love and revenge, features non-professional Aboriginal actors speaking their local language. Gulpilil collaborated with the director, Rolf de Heer, urging him to make the film, and although he ultimately withdrew from a central role in the project for "complex reasons," Gulpilil also provided the voice of the storyteller for the film. De Heer had directed Gulpilil in another film, The Tracker (2002).
In 2007, he starred in Richard Friar's hour-long independent documentary, Think About It! which was focussed on Indigenous rights and the anti-war movement and included commentary from former Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser, former Greens leader Bob Brown, and David Hicks, then a detainee at Guantanamo Bay detention camp.
In 2014, he again collaborated with De Heer, this time sharing on screenwriting credits for Charlie's Country. The film won several awards, including Best Actor in Un Certain Regard at the Cannes Film Festival.
In 2015, Gulpilil appeared in the documentary Another Country directed by Molly Reynolds. The two worked together again when Reynolds directed a documentary about the actor's life, My Name Is Gulpilil. The film premiered at the 2021 Adelaide Festival.
He also performed on stage in The Cradle of Hercules at the Sydney Opera House in 1974; the Commonwealth Gala Performance in Brisbane in 1982 (in front of Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh, Prince Philip); the Message Sticks Film Festival in Sydney in 2002.
Writing and paintingEdit
In addition to his career in dance, music, film and television, Gulpilil was also an acclaimed storyteller. He wrote the text for two volumes of children's stories based on Yolngu beliefs. These books also feature photographs and drawings by Australian artists, and convey Gulpilil's reverence for the landscape, people and traditional culture of his homeland.
Recognition and awardsEdit
He twice received the AACTA/AFI Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role, for The Tracker in 2002 and Charlie's Country in 2014. He was also nominated for this award in 1977 for Storm Boy. Gulpilil was nominated for the AFI Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role for Rabbit-Proof Fence in 2002. In 2003, he was awarded the inaugural Don Dunstan Award at the Adelaide Film Festival.
He was nominated for the Helpmann Award for Best Male Actor in a Play in 2004 for the stage production Gulpilil. A portrait of Gulpilil by Craig Ruddy won the 2004 Archibald Prize, Australia's best-known art prize.
In 2013 Gulpilil was the recipient of the Red Ochre Award, which is awarded annually by the Australia Council for the Arts to an outstanding Indigenous Australian (Aboriginal Australian or Torres Strait Islander) artist for lifetime achievement.
In May 2014, Gulpilil won a Best Actor award at the Cannes Film Festival for his performance in Rolf de Heer's film Charlie's Country. The award was in the Un Certain Regard section, a part of the festival that emphasises original, individual points of view and innovative film-making.
In June 2021, Ngarrindjeri-Arrernte artist Thomas Readett created a huge permanent mural on the eastern wall of the Tandanya National Aboriginal Cultural Institute in Adelaide. Featuring hand-painted black-and-white images representing Gulpilil's early career and later life, the mural was commissioned by ABCG Film, in partnership with Tandanya, Arts South Australia, Department of Premier and Cabinet and Screen Australia.
In August 2021, Tandanya mounted an exhibition entitled Djungi Gulpilil (Gulpilil family), featuring the work of many artists in his family, including his twin sister, one of his wives and his brother, as well as his own paintings. The exhibition was expressly created to honour and celebrate his life, and to bring him comfort as he is being treated a long way from home, yearning for "culture, language and kin".
Later life and deathEdit
Gulpilil was diagnosed with terminal lung cancer in 2017, and retired from acting in 2019. His illness prevented him from attending the 2019 NAIDOC Awards, where he was recognised with the lifetime achievement award.
Gulpilil died at his home in Murray Bridge, South Australia, on 29 November 2021. Following his death, his family requested that he be referred to as David Dalaithngu for a period of time to avoid naming the dead, and many news articles about his death refrained from using the actor's professional name while warning that the articles contained his name and image.
Tributes were published by political leaders, including Minister for Indigenous Australians Ken Wyatt, federal opposition leader Anthony Albanese, and South Australian premier Steven Marshall; actors, including Hugh Jackman; film critics; and community elders and relatives, including Witiyana Marika.
Personal life and familyEdit
Gulpilil had a battle with alcoholism since being introduced to it during filming of Walkabout.  In later life, it led to several clashes with the law. In 2006, Gulpilil was charged with carrying an offensive weapon after an altercation at the house of a friend in Darwin, when Gulpilil had armed himself with a machete after he and his wife had been asked to leave the home by the homeowners, who had allegedly armed themselves with a totem pole and a garden hoe. However, he was found not guilty after the judge accepted that the machete was used for cultural purposes, including carving didgeridoos, and had not been intended for use as a weapon.
On 30 March 2007, a Darwin magistrate imposed a 12-month domestic violence order against Gulpilil over an incident which took place against his wife, Miriam Ashley, on 28 December 2006, and he was ordered to stay away from her while drinking. In December 2010, Gulpilil was charged with aggravated assault against Ashley, with the court hearing that he had thrown a broom at her, fracturing her arm. In September 2011, he was found guilty and sentenced to twelve months in Berrimah Prison in Darwin.
Gulpilil's other wives or partners included Airlie Thomas and Robyn Djunginy. Two of his daughters were Phoebe Marson and Makia McLaughlin. Seven children survived him: Jida (a musician and actor), Milan, Makia, Andrew, Jamie, Phoebe and Malakai. Witiyana Marika, Yolngu elder, musician and band member of Yothu Yindi, is his son by lore.
Several members of his family are artists, including his twin sister (yapa), Mary Dhapalany, a leading weaver; his brother, Peter Minygululu, known for his story-telling and detailed artworks; and former wife Robyn Djunginy, who was known for her bottle paintings. His nephew (waku), Bobby Bununggurr, is a singer, dancer, law man and reconciliation advocate. During the 1970s and 1980s, the two men travelled widely together, performing, dancing and singing.
|1964||In Song and Dance||documentary|||
|1971||Walkabout||Black boy||credited as David Gumpilil|||
|1973||No Bag Limit||documentary|||
|1974||The Morning Star Painter||documentary|||
|1975||The Rainbow Serpent||short film|||
|1976||Mad Dog Morgan||Billy|||
|Storm Boy||Fingerbone Bill||Nominated—AACTA Award for Best Actor|||
|To Shoot a Mad Dog||documentary|||
|1977||The Last Wave||Chris Lee||credited as Gulpilil|||
|1978||The Magic Arts||short film|||
|Little Boy Lost|||
|Three Dances by Gulpilil||documentary|||
|1980||The Painter: Wunuwun in Sydney||documentary|||
|Billy West||short film|||
|1981||Great Barrier Reef||documentary|||
|1983||The Right Stuff||Aborigine|||
|1984||The Hunting Party||documentary|||
|1985||Rainbow Serpent: A Changing Culture||documentary|||
|1986||Crocodile Dundee||Neville Bell|||
|1991||Until the End of the World||David|||
|1996||Dead Heart||Second Man in Desert|||
|2002||The Tracker||The Tracker||AACTA Award for Best Actor
FCCA Award for Best Actor
Inside Film Award for Best Actor
|Rabbit-Proof Fence||Moodoo||Nominated—AACTA Award for Best Supporting Actor|||
|Gulpilil: One Red Blood||Himself||documentary|||
|Following the Rabbit-Proof Fence||documentary|||
|2006||Ten Canoes||The Storyteller|||
|Crocodile Dreaming||Burrimmilla||short film|||
|2014||Charlie's Country||Charlie||AACTA Award for Best Actor
AFCA Award for Best Actor
AFCA Award for Best Screenplay
Cannes Film Festival Un Certain Regard for Best Actor
Nominated—AACTA Award for Best Original Screenplay (with Rolf de Heer)
Nominated—Asia Pacific Screen Award for Best Actor
Nominated—FCCA Award for Best Actor
Nominated—FCCA Award for Best Screenplay
|Crazy Days at the Old Brumby Moon||Old Mick|||
|2018||Storm Boy||Father of Fingerbone Bill|||
|2021||My Name is Gulpilil||Himself|||
|1972||Boney||Black Boy / Balinga / Dancer / Tonto / David Ooldea||5 episodes|||
|1973||Spinifex Breed||episode: "Pilot"|||
|1974||Homicide||Gary Willis||episode: "Slow Fuse"|||
|1976||Rush||Satchel||episode: "The Kadaitcha Man"|||
|Luke's Kingdom||Aborigine Boy||episode: "The Dam and the Damned"|||
|1977||The Outsiders||Billy Potter||episode: "Sophie’s Mob"|||
|This is Your Life||Himself||1 episode|||
|1980||The Timeless Land||Bennelong|||
|Young Ramsay||Aborigine||episode: "Dreamtime"|||
|1989||Naked Under Capricorn||Activity|||
|1995||The Man from Snowy River||Manulpuy||episode: "The Savage Land"|||
|Der Paradiesvogel (The Bird of Paradise)|||
|2017||The Leftovers||Christopher Sunday||2 episodes|||
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- Gulpilil (1983). The Birirrk, our ancestors of the dreaming. Photographs by Neil McLeod. Cheltenham, Australia: L & S Publishing. ISBN 978-0-86898-061-4.
- Also related by Gulpilil in the film My Name Is Gulpilil.
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...his name – which his family have requested not be used for the time being...
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...funded by the Dance Fund of the Australia Council
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- Gulpilil 1979.
- Gulpilil 1983.
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- on YouTube 11 June 2021}}
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Dalaithngu was better known by a different surname at the height of his stardom, but the ABC has been advised that for Indigenous cultural reasons that name can't be used.
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